Royal Palace of Amsterdam

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Royal Palace Amsterdam
Koninklijk Paleis Amsterdam
Paleis op de Dam
Koninklijk Paleis Amsterdam.jpg
The Royal Palace Amsterdam in 2005
Royal Palace of Amsterdam is located in Amsterdam
Royal Palace of Amsterdam
Location within central Amsterdam
Former names Stadhuis op de Dam
General information
Architectural style Classicism
Location Amsterdam, Netherlands
Address Nieuwezijds Voorburg 147
Coordinates 52°22′23″N 4°53′28″E / 52.37306°N 4.89111°E / 52.37306; 4.89111
Current tenants King Willem-Alexander
Construction started 1648[1]
Completed 1665
Inaugurated 20 July 1655
Cost ƒ 8.5 million
Owner Kingdom of the Netherlands
Technical details
Floor area 22,031 m2
Design and construction
Architect Jacob van Campen, Daniël Stalpaert
Other designers Artus Quellinus, Govert Flinck, Jacob Jordaens, Jan Lievens, Ferdinand Bol
References
Monumentenbordje 2014.svg Dutch Rijksmonument 5941

The Royal Palace in Amsterdam (Dutch: Koninklijk Paleis Amsterdam or Paleis op de Dam) is one of three palaces in the Netherlands which are at the disposal of the monarch by Act of Parliament.

The palace was built as a city hall during the Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century. The building became the royal palace of King Louis Napoleon and later of the Dutch Royal House. It is situated on the west side of Dam Square in the centre of Amsterdam, opposite the War Memorial and next to the Nieuwe Kerk.

The Stadhuis under construction, by Johannes Lingelbach, 1656

History[edit]

Town hall[edit]

The palace was built as the Town Hall of the City of Amsterdam[2] and was opened as such on 29 July 1655 by Cornelis de Graeff, the mayor of Amsterdam.[citation needed] It was built by Jacob van Campen, who took control of the construction project in 1648.[2] It was built on 13,659[2] wooden piles and cost 8.5 million gulden. A yellowish sandstone from Bentheim in Germany was used for the entire building. The stone has darkened considerably in the course of time. Marble was the chosen material for the interior.

Jacob van Campen was inspired by Roman administrative palalces and public buildings. He wanted to build a new capitol for the Amsterdam burgomasters who thought of themselves as the consuls of the new Rome of the North. The technical implementation was looked after by the town construction master Daniël Stalpaert. The sculptures were executed by Artus Quellijn.

Part of the Eastern hemisphere on the marble floor in the central hall

The central hall is 120 feet long, 60 feet wide and 90 feet high. On the marble floor there are two maps of the world with a celestial hemisphere. The Western and Eastern hemispheres are shown on the maps. The hemispheres detail the area of Amsterdam's colonial influence. The terrestrial hemispheres were made in the mid-18th century. They replaced an earlier pair made in the late 1650s. The originals showed the regions explored by the Dutch East India Company's ships in the first half of the 17th century. This feature may have been inspired by the map of the Roman Empire that had been engraved on marble and placed in the Porticus Vipsania, a public building in ancient Rome.

On top of the palace is a large domed cupola, topped by a weather vane in the form of a cog ship. This ship is a symbol of Amsterdam. Just underneath the dome there are a few windows. From here one could see the ships arrive and leave the harbour.

The interiors, focusing on the power and prestige of Amsterdam, were completed later.

Paintings inside include works by Govert Flinck (who died before finishing a cycle of twelve huge canvases), Jacob Jordaens, Jan Lievens and Ferdinand Bol. Rembrandt's largest work, The Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis was commissioned for the building, but after hanging for some months was returned to him; the remaining fragment is now in Stockholm.

In its time the building was one of many candidates for the title of the Eighth Wonder of the World. Also, for a long time it was the largest administrative building in Europe.

Palace[edit]

The Royal Palace in 1814 by R. Bowyer

After the patriot revolution which swept the House of Orange from power a decade earlier, the new Batavian Republic was forced to accept Louis Napoleon, brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, as King Louis I of Holland in 1806. After holding his court at The Hague and Utrecht, Louis Napoleon moved to Amsterdam, and converted the Town Hall into a royal palace for himself.[2]

The King of Holland did not have long to appreciate his new palace. He abdicated on 2 July 1810;[2] his son, Napoleon Louis Bonaparte, then succeeded him, as King Louis II, before the Netherlands were annexed by France ten days later. The palace then became home to the French governor, Charles François Lebrun.

The central hall of the palace

Prince William VI (son of Prince William V of Orange), returned to the Netherlands in 1813, after Napoleon fell from power, and restored the palace to its original owners. After his investiture as King William I of the Netherlands, however, Amsterdam was made the official capital of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands (the seats of government being Brussels and The Hague). The new King realised the importance of having a palace in the capital, and the Town Hall again became a royal palace.

It was made property of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1936.[1] On 27 December 1949, the palace's central hall (Burgerzaal) was the scene of the official ceremony for the transfer of sovereignty over Indonesia by the Netherlands (Soevereiniteitsoverdracht), represented by Queen Juliana and Indonesian vice-president Muhammad Hatta.

The palace is used by the monarch for entertaining and official functions during state visits and other official receptions, such as New Year receptions. The award ceremonies of the Erasmus Prize, of the Silver Carnation, of the Royal Awards for Painting, and of the Prince Claus Award are also held in the palace.[1]

The then Prince Willem-Alexander and Princess Máxima kiss on the balcony of the Royal Palace on their wedding day in 2002

The balcony of the Royal Palace was used during the investiture of Queen Beatrix in 1980, where her mother Juliana announced the new Queen to the people.[citation needed] The then-Prince Willem-Alexander and Princess Máxima kissed on the balcony on their wedding day on 2 February 2002.[citation needed]

The palace was renovated from 2005 until June 2009, during which, among other things, asbestos was removed. Since 14 June 2009, the Palace is open again to visitors.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Royal Palace, Amsterdam. The Dutch Royal House. Retrieved on 2011-02-18.
  2. ^ a b c d e Martin Dunford (2010). The Rough Guide to The Netherlands. Penguin. pp. 63–64. ISBN 978-1-84836-882-8. 
  3. ^ Renovatie Paleis op de Dam in opbouwfase. Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment. Retrieved on 2011-02-18.

External links[edit]