Rudolf Lehmann (SS officer)

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Rudolf Lehmann
RUDOLF LEHMANN.jpg
Born 30 January 1914 (1914-01-30)
Heidelberg, Germany
Died 13 September 1983 (1983-09-14) (aged 69)
Ettlingen
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Waffen SS
Years of service 1933–1945
Rank Standartenführer
Unit
Commands held
  • Panzerspähzug platoon Germania
  • 14th Company SS Germania
  • 2nd SS Panzer Division
Battles/wars World War II
Awards

Rudolf Lehmann (30 January 1914 – 13 September 1983) was a Standartenführer (Colonel) in the Waffen SS who was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oakleaves, which was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership by Nazi Germany during World War II.

Early life[edit]

Rudolf Lehmann was born on 30 January 1914 in Heidelberg, Germany. He joined the Waffen SS, attending officers training school in Bad Tölz in April 1935. He was then posted to the Germania Regiment as a platoon commander.[1]

World War II[edit]

While serving with the Germania, Lehmann became the commander of the armored car platoon. On being promoted in April 1940, he was given the command of the 14th Company of the Germania Regiment. He was transferred to the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler in October 1940.[1]

Lehmann was recommended for the Knight's Cross by Theodor Wisch on account of his leadership of a battle group in the Zhitomir area of the Ukraine during December 1943.[1]

In late 1944, Lehmann moved to the 1st SS Panzer Corps as chief of staff. He remained in this position until March 1945, when he was made divisional commander of the Das Reich. He led the division through Operation Frühlingserwachen, the battles around Vienna. It was while he was in command of Das Reich that he was awarded the Oakleaves to his Knight's Cross.[2][3] Wounded during the fighting in Austria, Lehmann ended the war recovering from his injuries.[1]

Awards[edit]

References in the Wehrmachtbericht[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
13 March 1944 In den schweren Abwehrkämpfen der letzten Tage haben sich im Raumöstlich von Tarnopol die 1. SS-Panzerdivision "Leibstandarte SS AdolfHitler" unter der stellvertretenden Führung des Obersturmbannführers Lehmann und die thüringische 7.Panzerdivision unter Oberst Dr. Mauß hervorragend bewährt.[9] During the heavy defensive battles of the past few days in the area east of Tarnopol, the first SS Panzer Division "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler" under the deputy leadership of Obersturmbannführer Lehmann and the Thuringian 7.Panzerdivision under Colonel Dr. Mauss have proved themselves to be excellent.

Later life[edit]

Lehmann survived the war and died on 13 September 1983, in Ettlingen.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ No credible evidence of the award can be found in the German National Archives. The award was unlawfully presented by SS-Oberstgruppenführer Sepp Dietrich. The date is taken from the announcement made by the 6. SS-Panzerarmee. The sequential number "862" was assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Lehmann was member of the AKCR.[8]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d "das.reich". 
  2. ^ "axis.history". 
  3. ^ "third.reich.in.ruins". 
  4. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 17.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 287.
  6. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 499.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 103.
  8. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 184.
  9. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 56.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Gruppenführer Werner Ostendorff
Commander of 2nd SS Division Das Reich
March 9, 1945 - April 13, 1945
Succeeded by
SS-Standartenführer Karl Kreutz