Rudolf Prich

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Rudolf Prich
Rudolf Prich (1881-1940).jpg
Born 6 August 1881
Opava
Died 1940
Katyń POW massacre
Allegiance Poland Poland
Service/branch Wappen Kaisertum Österreich 1815 (Klein).png Austro-Hungarian Army
Orzełek II RP.svg Polish Army
Years of service 1902-1935
1939-1940
Rank PL Epolet gen dyw.svg Major General
Battles/wars World War I
Polish–Soviet War
1939 Defensive War
Awards POL Polonia Restituta Oficerski BAR.svg Polonia Restituta (Officer's Cross)
POL Złoty Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg Gold Cross of Merit
POL Medal Pamiątkowy Za Wojnę 1918-1921 BAR.svg Commemorative Medal
for the War of 1919-1921
POL Medal 10-lecia Odzyskania Niepodległości BAR.svg Medal Dziesięciolecia Odzyskanej Niepodległości

Rudolf Prich (August 6, 1881 – 1940)[1] was a Polish military officer and a major general (pol. generał dywizji) of the Polish Army. He was among the Polish officers murdered by the Soviet Union during the Katyń massacre.[1]

Life[edit]

Born 1881 in Opava, Prich in his youth joined the Austro-Hungarian Army, where he served with distinction during the Great War. In April 1919 he returned to Poland and joined the Polish Army. During the opening stages of the Polish-Bolshevik War between December 1919 and April 1920 he served as the head of the 1st Detachment of the General Staff, responsible for organization and mobilization of forces. Between April 1920 and 1922 in the Polish ministry of military affairs, after the Peace of Riga he remained in the army.

In 1923, after a year of service at the post of commanding officer of the 26th Infantry Division, he was promoted to the rank of generał brygady. After the May Coup d'État of 1926, he was sent to the Centre for Artillery Training in Toruń, where he served as one of the professors and a specialist in anti-air artillery. Promoted to the rank of generał dywizji in 1928, he retired from active service in 1935.

The 1939 invasion of Poland[edit]

After the outbreak of the Polish Defensive War he returned to duty and on September 11 was made the commander of all the Polish forces defending the area of Lwów. He held that post until relieved on September 16, and then took part in the battle of Lwów as a commander of one of the areas of defence of the besieged city. After the capitulation of the Polish forces had been negotiated on September 22, 1939, Prich was to be released home along with other reserve and retired officers, which was a lie.

Katyn[edit]

Contrary to the terms of the capitulation he was arrested by the NKVD and held in various prisons in the city. He was murdered in the spring of 1940, aged fifty-eight, during the Katyń massacre. Among the Katyn victims were 14 Polish generals including Leon Billewicz, Bronisław Bohatyrewicz, Xawery Czernicki (admiral), Stanisław Haller, Aleksander Kowalewski, Henryk Minkiewicz, Kazimierz Orlik-Łukoski, Konstanty Plisowski, Alojzy Wir-Konas, Franciszek Sikorski, Leonard Skierski, Piotr Skuratowicz, and Mieczysław Smorawiński.[2]

Further information: Katyn Commission

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Indeks Represjonowanych - Rudolf Prich (eng.)
  2. ^ Andrzej Leszek Szcześniak, ed. (1989). Katyń; lista ofiar i zaginionych jeńców obozów Kozielsk, Ostaszków, Starobielsk. Warsaw, Alfa. p. 366. ISBN 978-83-7001-294-6. ; Moszyński, Adam, ed. (1989). Lista katyńska; jeńcy obozów Kozielsk, Ostaszków, Starobielsk i zaginieni w Rosji Sowieckiej. Warsaw, Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne. p. 336. ISBN 978-83-85028-81-9. ; Tucholski, Jędrzej (1991). Mord w Katyniu; Kozielsk, Ostaszków, Starobielsk: lista ofiar. Warsaw, Pax. p. 987. ISBN 978-83-211-1408-8. ; Banaszek, Kazimierz (2000). Kawalerowie Orderu Virtuti Militari w mogiłach katyńskich. Roman, Wanda Krystyna; Sawicki, Zdzisław. Warsaw, Chapter of the Virtuti Militari War Medal & RYTM. p. 351. ISBN 978-83-87893-79-8. ; Maria Skrzyńska-Pławińska, ed. (1995). Rozstrzelani w Katyniu; alfabetyczny spis 4410 jeńców polskich z Kozielska rozstrzelanych w kwietniu-maju 1940, według źródeł sowieckich, polskich i niemieckich. Stanisław Maria Jankowski. Warsaw, Karta. p. 286. ISBN 978-83-86713-11-0. ; Skrzyńska-Pławińska, Maria, ed. (1996). Rozstrzelani w Charkowie; alfabetyczny spis 3739 jeńców polskich ze Starobielska rozstrzelanych w kwietniu-maju 1940, według źródeł sowieckich i polskich. Porytskaya, Ileana. Warsaw, Karta. p. 245. ISBN 978-83-86713-12-7. ; Skrzyńska-Pławińska, Maria, ed. (1997). Rozstrzelani w Twerze; alfabetyczny spis 6314 jeńców polskich z Ostaszkowa rozstrzelanych w kwietniu-maju 1940 i pogrzebanych w Miednoje, według źródeł sowieckich i polskich. Porytskaya, Ileana. Warsaw, Karta. p. 344. ISBN 978-83-86713-18-9. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Piotr Stawecki, Słownik biograficzny generałów Wojska Polskiego 1918-1939, Warszawa 1994, s. 261, ISBN 83-11-08262-6