Rudrasimha III

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Rudrasimha III
Western Satrap
RudrasimhaIII.jpg
Reign 388 - 395
Predecessor Rudrasena IV
Successor None

Rudrasimha III was the last ruler of the Western Satraps in India, in the 4th century.

A fragment from the Natya-darpana mentions the Gupta king Ramagupta, the elder brother of Chandragupta II, decided to expand his kingdom by attacking the Western Satraps in Gujarat. The campaign soon took a turn for the worse and the Gupta army was trapped. The Saka king, Rudrasimha III, demanded that Ramagupta hand over his wife Dhruvadevi in exchange for peace. To avoid the ignominy the Guptas decide to send Madhavasena, a courtesan and a beloved of Chandragupta, disguised as the queen. However, Chandragupta changes the plan and himself goes to the Saka King disguised as the queen. He then kills Rudrasimha and later his own brother, Ramagupta. Dhruvadevi is then married to Chandragupta.

The Western Satraps were ultimately conquered by emperor Chandragupta II. This event completely ended the rule of the Sakas on the Indian subcontinent.

References[edit]

  • Rapson, "A Catalogue of Indian coins in the British Museum. Andhras etc.."
Preceded by
Rudrasena IV
Western Satrap
388-395
Succeeded by
Gupta Emperor Chandragupta II