Saint Peter's Fair
|Series||Brother Cadfael mystery series|
|Genre||Historical whodunnit, Crime novel|
|Media type||Print (hardcover)|
|LC Class||PR6031.A49 S2 1981b|
|Preceded by||Monk's Hood|
|Followed by||The Leper of Saint Giles|
Saint Peter's Fair is a medieval mystery novel by Ellis Peters, set in July – September 1139. It is the fourth novel in The Cadfael Chronicles, first published in 1981 (1981 in literature). The story occurs during The Anarchy, in the English town of Shrewsbury.
- 1 Plot introduction
- 2 Plot summary
- 3 Characters
- 4 Major themes
- 5 Literary significance and reception
- 6 Setting in History
- 7 Publication history
- 8 Television adaptation
- 9 References
- 10 External References
It is late July 1139, during The Anarchy. The country is torn by strife between King Stephen and his cousin Empress Maud. Robert of Gloucester is half brother to the Empress, and is with her in Normandy. King Stephen has the advantage now, while Empress Maud has strongholds in the west of England. From abroad she is building support for a renewed attempt on the throne. Ranulf, Earl of Chester, is married to a daughter of Robert of Gloucester. Earl Ranulf is powerful in his own right, and has not yet chosen to stand with one or the other in this war for the crown of England. Hoping they have peace now the Castle is aligned with King Stephen, the monks of Shrewsbury Abbey prepare for the three-day annual fair in honour of their namesake saint, held on the feast of Saint Peter ad Vinculum.
||This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (September 2012)|
Part One: "The Eve of the Fair"
On 30 July 1139 at the Abbey of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, Geoffrey Corviser, the town provost speaks up at Chapter. He appeals to Abbot Radulfus for a share of the money raised by the fair to repair the damages from the siege the prior year. Radulfus adheres to the exact terms of the fair's charter.
Cadfael meets Hugh Beringar and his wife, Aline, in town to shop for their unborn child. Traders arrive from as far as Flanders the day before the fair begins. Cadfael is called to translate for Rhodri, a Welsh-speaking merchant who knows some of the traders. He points out a glover, Euan of Shotwick, who is an intelligencer working for Earl Ranulf. Thomas of Bristol, a wealthy and important wine merchant arrives on his boat; he is in good odour with Robert of Gloucester.
Young local men arrive to convince the visiting merchants to support the town's cause, with little success. Pursuing the debate, Philip Corviser touches Thomas, who strikes him down with a staff. A riot breaks out. Philip partly recovers after the blow. He sees Thomas's niece, Emma, and is smitten on the spot. Philip and his friends flee. Thomas and Emma are endangered by rolling barrels. Emma is saved by Ivo Corbière, whose fine manners impress her.
Cadfael defends Philip Corviser to Hugh Beringar. Emma interrupts, searching for her missing uncle. Hugh, Cadfael and Ivo Corbière search for him. Corbière stumbles across his drunken and unconscious archer, Turstan Fowler, leaving the search to carry him back to the Abbey. The search ends when a barge arrives with the naked body of Thomas of Bristol, murdered with a dagger and dumped in the river.
Part Two: "The First Day of the Fair"
Thomas's murder leaves Emma alone in the world, but with Aline Beringar for the fair. Emma continues trading at the fair. Cadfael is charged to investigate the death by Abbot Radulfus.
At the hearing, Emma, Cadfael and Turstan the drunken archer give testimony about the confrontation between the young men and Thomas. Turstan claims Philip issued threats against Thomas after the riot. Philip learns of the merchant's death only when Cadfael mentions it. Philip protests his innocence of murder, but is held as prisoner to Sheriff Prestcote. Cadfael and Emma find that her boat has been ransacked. Thomas's clothing is fished up from the river by an unsuspecting local, making theft an unlikely motive in his murder.
Part Three: "The Second Day of the Fair"
Thomas's stall is broken into. Warin the watchman is bound, blindfolded and gagged, and the strongbox stolen. The strongbox contains business papers, all copied elsewhere. Cadfael and Hugh realise that the murderer seeks something Thomas brought with him, but found it not on his person, not in his boat, not in his stall. They fear that Emma is the next victim, and suspect she knows more than she is telling.
Corbière seems to be courting Emma. Emma visits her uncle's coffin in the Abbey, placing a rose in full bloom with his body, before the coffin is sealed by the carpenter. That evening, Cadfael notices a petal on the floor from that rose. Someone has searched the coffin.
Part Four: "The Third Day of the Fair"
Emma seeks out Euan for some gloves. His stall is closed. Euan is found dead inside by Cadfael and Rhodri, his neck broken. Hugh investigates the scene, finding a dagger in Euan's hand. The blade yields clues. Cadfael and Hugh assess the facts: Thomas and Euan of Shotwick were partisans who had come to the fair to conduct secret business, involving an item of great value. A third man arrives, killing both of them and searching in vain for the item.
Brother Mark treated a man for a knife wound to the arm, a groom to Ivo Corbière. Blood was one clue on Euan's knife; he likely injured his killer. Cadfael informs Hugh. Together with Sheriff Prestcote and Corbière they confront Ewald, who shows his neatly bandaged arm at Prestcote's request. When asked to show his cotte, he jumps on Corbière's horse to escape. Corbière orders Turstan to loose an arrow at Ewald, who is killed. Corbière justifies his action to the Sheriff, saying as master to Ewald, he had the right to administer instant justice. Cadfael comforts Brother Mark, who is sorely distressed at this killing.
Philip, released from the castle jail, seeks to learn what he did during the evening he cannot remember. He begins at Wat's Tavern. Wat tells him that Turstan came twice to the tavern, first to look at the patrons, including Philip. On second visit, Turstan drank only a single measure of ale. Then he purchased a large bottle of hard liquor to carry away. He was sober and well dressed when he followed Philip out of the tavern. This is not what Turstan testified at the hearing, and not how he appeared. Later, seeking the spot where he passed out from drink, Philip finds the scene of Thomas's murder.
Part Five: "After the Fair"
Very early, Cadfael, Hugh and Philip visit the scene of Thomas's murder. At the riverbank, Cadfael offers: Turstan followed Philip; ensuring that Philip had no alibi, he murdered Thomas; the liquor was for its odour, as the bottle was not found with him. At the guest house, Ivo Corbière offers to bring Emma to her home in Bristol, as he will escort his sister to a convent nearby from their Shropshire manor. Emma accepts, unwilling to travel on her boat with Roger.
Cadfael realises that Corbière ordered the actions of Ewald and Turstan. When Corbière learned Turstan failed, he sent Ewald to search Thomas's boat during the hearing. That same night Ewald and Turstan broke into Thomas's booth, again finding nothing. The next night they tried Euan's booth, killing him when he defended himself. At the fairground, Cadfael and Hugh work out Corbière's scheme to save himself by fooling Ewald and ordering Turstan to kill him. They both believe Emma is safe with Aline, but Philip knows that Corbière has been visiting Emma. Philip rushes to protect her, riding a merchant's horse to give chase. When Cadfael and Hugh arrive, Philip is gone. Aline tells them Corbière has three hours lead.
At Stanton Cobbold manor, Ivo Corbière locks Emma in a room while he searches her baggage. She hides in her hair the small packet hanging round her neck. Corbière returns to demand the letter Thomas meant to deliver to Euan of Shotwick. Emma never admits she knows of a letter, keeping the braiser between them. Corbière tells her the letter is from Robert of Gloucester to Earl Ranulf, urging him to support the Empress's cause and naming fifty nobles in Stephen's camp who secretly support her. Corbière says the letter is worth an earldom to him — what he will demand of the King for it. Emma carefully removes the letter from her hair, unseen by Corbière. Her uncle told her that if not delivered it must be destroyed. She pushes it into the fire in the room's brazier, with her coif net attached inadvertently, at the cost of burning her hand. Corbière fails to retrieve the letter. She knocks over the unstable brazier, setting fire to the tapestries. Emma moves to the door, staying away from the flames. She cannot escape the locked door. She lowers herself to the floor, slowly losing consciousness.
Philip arrives to rescue Emma. Hugh and Cadfael arrive. Cadfael tends to Philip's and Emma's injuries. Hugh arrests Turstan, unwary and unaware any knew his role in the murders. Corbière is killed by the fire, unmourned. Philip takes Emma to his parent's home in Shrewsbury. Emma sees the value of Philip, the opposite of the brutally selfish man who once charmed her. She and Philip are both tradespeople.
Radulfus summons the town provost, Philip's father, to chapter at the Abbey. Radulfus acted to secure the rights of future abbots. Free to act on his own, he donates ten percent to the rebuilding of the town.
Cadfael tends Emma's burns. Emma tells what she learned of the letter from Corbière. Cadfael says that if she has scars from these burns, she should "wear them like jewels". Emma asks Cadfael never to tell Philip of the letter and her actions, as she feels him too innocent to deal with it.
The novel ends with the news that on 30 September 1139, Empress Maud invaded England, establishing herself at Arundel Castle in West Sussex. Earl Ranulf of Chester did nothing to aid her cause.
- Brother Cadfael: At the time of Saint Peter's Fair he is 59 years old and 16 years a monk. He is Welsh, speaking both his native language and English, born near Trefriw in Gwynedd. He joined the First Crusade at 16 as a soldier. In his forties, Cadfael found his vocation, becoming a Benedictine monk. He is the herbalist for the Abbey of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Shrewsbury.
- Brother Mark: Young assistant to Brother Cadfael in herbarium. This is his first annual fair, as none happened in the rough summer of 1138. Recently he took his final vows, giving up the world at 18, and is sure he wants to be a priest. He is short due to short commons while living with an uncle, a hard master who pushed him to the Abbey at age 16. He was introduced in Monk's Hood.
- Abbot Radulfus: Head of the abbey, a real historical person in this otherwise fictional tale, just half a year in office, he is learning the townspeople. He is described as tall with silver hair and somewhat authoritarian in his manner. Cadfael considers him a "hard man to read", "a hard man but fair" who is "as hard on himself as others" and a man who will "chastise where he sees fault but who'll stand by his own against any power when they are threatened blameless". Cadfael concludes that he has every confidence in Abbot Radulfus and that the Abbot is a man who he would be glad to have beside him in battle. He is a shrewd man, knowing his duty to the Abbey and the secular law. His preferment as Abbot he owes both to the church and to the King.
- Sheriff Prestcote: Sheriff of Shropshire. He was appointed Sheriff by King Stephen and was introduced in One Corpse Too Many.
- Hugh Beringar: Deputy Sheriff of Shrophsire, second to Sheriff Prestcote. He became Deputy in One Corpse Too Many in 1138. He holds manors at Maesbury in Shropshire. About 24 years old, he married Aline Siward a year earlier. He is an effective man of law and justice who respects Brother Cadfael, and in some ways thinks like him. In this story, he makes some shrewd judgments but sees he was fooled by the demeanor of Corbière, adding to his store of knowledge of the evil of men. Beringar, like his Sheriff, holds with King Stephen.
- Aline Beringar: Cherished newlywed wife of Hugh, in early stage of first pregnancy. She is a beautiful woman with hair of gold, who brought two manors to their marriage. She and Hugh stay in the Abbey guest house so she can purchase items needed for the expected baby. She is about 20 years old and was introduced in One Corpse Too Many.
- Rhodri ap Huw: Cheerful Welsh merchant of wool, honey, mead, and other goods who requests a translator of the Abbey. Radulfus sends Cadfael to serve that role. He shares much in Welsh with Cadfael on other vendors at the fair, at every point in the story. By the end, Cadfael knows Rhodri speaks many languages; asking the Abbey for a translator allows him to eavesdrop more effectively for the benefit of Owain Gwynedd. One of his observations on the many benefits of a trading fair is "Nowhere is so solitary as in the middle of a marketplace." Rhodri sums up the advice for Owain before he leaves, that Ranulf will be fully occupied with Chester, so direct his own raids in other directions. He says he might attend the fair next year, if Cadfael would again translate for him, which Cadfael appears to accept. However, Rhodri does not appear in any future books. He is from Mold on the River Alyn, in northeast Wales, east of Cadfael's birthplace, and is about 50.
- Thomas of Bristol: A large gentleman with a red face and bushy eyebrows, fashionably dressed. He is a wealthy and powerful importer of wine and luxury sweets from the East via the port of Bristol in the West Country, "in very good odour with Robert of Gloucester." Three men sail with him: young Gregory, porter Warin, and journeyman Roger Dod. He is found dead in the river Severn early the morning of the first day of the fair, by an incoming vendor.
- Emma Vernold: Niece of Thomas of Bristol, 18 or 19 years old, attractive with blue-black hair and blue eyes. This is her third journey with her uncle as he travels to buy and sell his goods. Her late father was a stonemason married to the sister of Thomas, also deceased. She was raised in Thomas's household since age 8. She is heiress both to her father and to her uncle, accustomed to the wealth of a tradesman family (in contrast to landed wealth). She is a young woman with presence of mind in her time of great loss and change.
- Euan of Shotwick: A master glove maker and important man in the court of Earl Ranulf, for whom he is an "intelligencer". He is the second man murdered in this story. Euan is described as a "meagre fellow" who trusts no one, is well dressed and clean shaven with a "mincing walk".
- Philip Corviser: Son of the respected town provost and skilled boot maker Geoffrey Corviser. He is a young hothead often in conflict with his elders. Their last name indicates their trade of making shoes from leather. He is charmed on first sight with the visiting Emma Vernold. Physically he is "a gangling lad, not yet in command of his long limbs, being barely twenty and only just at the end of his growing". He has "a thick thatch of reddish dark hair and a decent, homely face".
- Edwy Bellecote: Son of Martin Bellecote, master carpenter. He was of the party of young men seeking support of the traders at the fair. He is not yet 16, so Hugh exercised discretion by sending him home to his father rather than jailing him with the rest of them. He assists his father bringing the travelling casket for Thomas to the Abbey church. Both were introduced in Monk's Hood.
- Ivo Corbière: A wealthy and handsome lordling of 28 or 29 with dark gold hair and slender build. He owns much land, multiple manors. He is distant kin to Ranulf of Chester. He is attending the fair to furnish a manor in Cheshire, where most of his holdings lie. His one manor in Shropshire is Stanton Cobbold. He quickly charms Emma, the niece of Thomas of Bristol. He stays at the Abbey as a guest. He is a man of fine manners, almost silky, who makes a good impression on Aline as well as on Emma. At the end, he tells Emma she is a "little shopkeeper's girl of no account."
- Ewald: Stocky, bearded man, a villein groom in Ivo Corbière's service. He is one of three murdered in this book, for what he might have said about his master. Directed to search several places by Corbière, he stole portable items of value for himself.
- Arald: Young groom in Ivo Corbière's service.
- Turstan Fowler: Falconer and archer in Ivo Corbière's retinue, in his mid 30s. One of his weapons is an arbalest, with which he is very accurate. He is a man with no aversion to killing outside the context of battle; "like master like man".
Literary significance and reception
The 2000 reprint of Saint Peter's Fair quotes a Sunday Times review: "A more attractive and prepossessing detective would be hard to find"
Kirkus Reviews finds this novel authentic but not as clever as the first three.
Brother Cadfael (One Corpse Too Many, A Morbid Taste for Bones) returns in another 12th-century mystery—as stylishly authentic, though not quite as darkly inventive, as his previous three. ... Eventually, then: two more deaths follow, Emma is kidnapped by the villain, and the murder motive is revealed to have historical resonances. With colorful, convincing details on the workings of a medieval fair—a graceful and informative, if not particularly mysterious, case for Peters' engaging, herb-gardening monk.
Publishers Weekly reviewed a 1991 audio book of this and the next novel in the series in one article, liking the historical setting more than the plots:
Murder abounds in these early chronicles of Brother Cadfael, medieval herbalist and sleuth. ... Listeners are likely to solve these mysteries long before the insightful Benedictine monk, but predictable plotting is amply compensated for by the author's wonderful re-creation of the period and actor Stephen Thorne's excellent narration. Sister M. Anna Falbo CSSF, Villa Maria Coll. Lib. Buffalo, NY December 15, 1991
Setting in History
The novel is set in the real town of Shrewsbury in Shropshire, England. The body of the first murder victim is found in the Severn river near Atcham. The first two victims are merchants with goods to sell, who hold similar political views, favouring the Empress. The fair at the Abbey was meant to be a neutral meeting place to get a message from Gloucester north to Chester in the efforts to gain support from a powerful man; the places are about 120 miles apart on modern roads. Thomas of Bristol came by river, passing Gloucester, while Euan of Shotwick came by land to the fair. As Cadfael noted in a conversation with Rhodri ap Huw, Rhodri's home in Mold in Wales is very close to Chester, and to Shotwick, teasing him that he might be an intelligencer for Ranulf, instead of Owain Gwynedd (prince of Gwynedd principality).
The novel begins during a period of relative quiet in England, with Stephen crowned King since 1135. His cousin, the surviving legitimate child of the prior King Henry, Empress Maud is in Anjou attempting to build support for her invasion, aided in England by her half-brother Robert of Gloucester. The contention arose from Henry's effort to gain support from the nobility to honour his daughter as Queen on his death, as his only legitimate son had died in an accident on the White Ship in 1120. When Henry died, Stephen acted quickly to gain the crown while Maud stayed in Anjou with her husband and children. Many who had taken the oath with the dead king Henry readily gave their allegiance to Stephen. Others felt that first oath to bind them. Precisely why this split endured is never clear and continually analysed. Perhaps England was not ready for a queen; perhaps her second marriage with Geoffrey of Anjou (arranged by her father) rankled; perhaps the affable Stephen was more popular and Maud too strident; perhaps the barons wanted to be more certain of their own lands; perhaps other reasons set off the long period of strife, which was not settled until King Stephen died. The novel concludes with Empress Maud invading England on 30 September 1139 and taking Arundel Castle in West Sussex.
The Saint Peter's Fair was allowed to the Abbey as a way for it to earn revenue. The three-day fair was granted either by Earl Roger or King Henry I. The Lammas Fair was allowed in the same fashion, originally on 1 August, become 12 August after the change of the calendar in 1752. The Charter fair was a primary method of buying and selling trade goods in this century (the 12th) as part of the growing economy, as well as a benefit to the Abbey, from rents, fees, tolls.
- 1983, United Kingdom, Ulversoft Large Print Books, ISBN 0-7089-0933-7 / 978-0-7089-0933-1, March 1981, Hardback
- 1996, United Kingdom, Sphere, ISBN 0-7515-1400-4 / 978-0-7515-1400-1, 1 February 1996, Paperback
- 1998, United Kingdom, Chivers Press, ISBN 0-7540-1088-0 / 978-0-7540-1088-3, 1 April 1998, Hardback
- 1998, United Kingdom, Chivers Large Print, ISBN 0-7540-2063-0 / 978-0-7540-2063-9, December 1998, Paperback
- 1999, United Kingdom, Time Warner UK, ISBN 0-7515-1104-8 / 978-0-7515-1104-8, 19 May 1999, Paperback
- 2007, United Kingdom, Hodder & Stoughton, ISBN 1-84456-181-X / 9781844561810, 5 April 2007, Audio book on CD
Saint Peter's Fair was the ninth Brother Cadfael novel to be adapted for television. It is the fourth novel in the series; five stories that follow this one in the novel sequence were shown before this one. It was the second episode of the third season, filmed on location in Hungary in 1996 and produced in Britain by Central Independent Television for ITV. The Central television series starred Derek Jacobi as Cadfael, first airing in 1997 on ITV.
- Peters, Ellis (May 1981). Saint Peter's Fair. UK: Macmillan. p. 247. ISBN 0333310500/9780333310502.
- Peters, Ellis (22 September 1988). A Rare Benedicine. UK: Headline Book Publishing. pp. 25–26. ISBN 0-7472-0076-9 / 978-0-7472-0076-5.
- Peters, Ellis (May 1981). Saint Peter's Fair. p. 34.
- Peters, Ellis (May 1981). Saint Peter's Fair. p. 31.
- Ernest Weekley (May 1922). "Missing Tradesmen". The Romance of Names 3rd edition Chapter XV. London: John Murray. p. 120.
- Peters, Ellis (May 1981). Saint Peter's Fair. pp. 37–38.
- Ellis Peters. "Saint Peter's Fair". KirkusReviews.com. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
- Publishers Weekly accessed via EBSCO September 30, 2012
- Professor David Crouch (February 2011). "Review of King Stephen, (review no. 1038)". Reviews in History. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- Rob Attar (February 2010). "Stephen and Matilda". BBC History Magazine.
- "History". Shrewsburyabbey.com. 21 February 2006. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "Houses of Benedictine monks – Abbey of Shrewsbury". A History of the County of Shropshire: Volume 2. British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. pp. 30–37. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- Joseph Nightingale (1818). Shropshire: or, Original delineations, topographical, historical and descriptive of that county. J Harris, London. p. 151.
- "St Peter's Fair The fourth book in the Cadfael series". Fantastic Fiction Website. fantasticfiction.co.uk. 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- Saint Peter's Fair at the Internet Movie Database