Saint Peter in Chains Cathedral

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This article is about the cathedral in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States. For the cathedral in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, see Cathedral of Saint Peter-in-Chains. For other uses, see St. Peter ad Vincula.
St. Peter-In-Chains Cathedral
StPeterInChains.jpg
St. Peter in Chains Cathedral in downtown Cincinnati, next to Cincinnati City Hall.
Location Cincinnati, Ohio
Coordinates 39°6′13.89″N 84°31′8.70″W / 39.1038583°N 84.5190833°W / 39.1038583; -84.5190833Coordinates: 39°6′13.89″N 84°31′8.70″W / 39.1038583°N 84.5190833°W / 39.1038583; -84.5190833
Architect Henry Walter[1]
Edward J. Schulte (renovation)[2]
Architectural style Greek Revival[1]
Governing body Private[1]
NRHP Reference # 73001469[1]
Added to NRHP January 18, 1973[1]

Saint Peter in Chains Cathedral is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati.

Description[edit]

The cathedral is a Greek revival structure located at 8th and Plum Streets in downtown Cincinnati. St. Peter in Chains was begun with the laying of its cornerstone on 20 May 1841, under the direction of then-bishop—later archbishopJohn Baptist Purcell, and formally dedicated on 2 November 1845. Its striking single spire, which rises 224 feet (68 m)[3] above street level, was the tallest man-made structure in the city for many decades, and is constructed of pure white limestone.

The first St. Peter's was located at Sixth and Sycamore Street, in Cincinnati, Ohio. It was dedicated on December 17, 1826, which is now the site of St. Francis Xavier Church and became the seat of the First Bishop. The large stone angels that were on each side of the main altar were created by Odoardo Fantacchiotti[4] in the late 1840s. They now grace the Cincinnati Art Museum. They were among the first European sculptures to come to Cincinnati. [5]

The interior of St. Peter in Chains is distinctly unique among Roman Catholic cathedrals in America, with its Greek-themed mosaics depicting the Stations of the Cross, its ornate Corinthian columns and its massive bronze doors. The crucifix was made by Benvenuto Cellini, the murals by Carl Zimmerman and the mosaic in the apse is by Anton Wendling.[2]

The interior of the cathedral

St. Peter in Chains was, from 1938 until 1957, replaced as Archdiocesan cathedral in favor of the more modern Saint Monica's in Clifton Heights neighborhood, north of downtown. Under Archbishop Karl Joseph Alter's urban-renewal program, St. Peter in Chains underwent significant restoration and expansion in the mid-1950s, and on 3 November 1957, amid much celebration and fanfare, was re-dedicated a cathedral.

In 1977 the cathedral hosted a visit from Polish Archbishop Karol Wojtyla, who the following year became Pope John Paul II. To date more than two-dozen Roman Catholic bishops have been consecrated within its walls, and the cathedral is a popular venue for weddings, as well as the annual ordination of the Archdiocese's priests and deacons.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-06-30. 
  2. ^ a b Architecture and Construction in Cincinnati:Guide to Buildings, Designers & Builders. The Architectural Foundation of Cincinnati. 1987. p. 81.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  3. ^ Foster, Ellsworth D. and Hughes, James Laughlin (1922). The American Educator. Ralph Durham Company. p. 823. 
  4. ^ Rolfes, Steven (Oct 29, 2012). "Cincinnati Landmarks". Arcadia Publishing. p. 25. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  5. ^ Cincinnati Art Museum

External links[edit]