Salem, New York
|— Town —|
|Population (Census 2000)|
Salem is a town in eastern Washington County, New York. It is part of the Glens Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town population was 2,702 at the 2000 census. The town of Salem contains a village also named Salem.
Salem was first settled in 1761 by Joshua Conkey and James Turner who as soldiers in the French and Indian War, passed through the territory. In 1764, Alexander and James Turner acquired a patent which was soon divided up between the New Englanders from Pelham Mass. and a group of Scotch-Irish Presbyterians led by Dr Thomas Clark from Ballybay, County Monaghan, Ireland.
The Charlotte County and White Creek militia used Salem as its base in 1776.
The 123rd Volunteer Regiment was recruited from Salem during the Civil War.
People of note in the town of Salem 
- Francis J. Clark, WWII Congressional Medal of Honor recipient; entered the service in Salem.
- Dr. Asa Fitch (1803 - 1879) - Noted entomologist; born, educated, and died in Salem.
- Sigurd Raschèr, Musician.
- Benita Zahn, WNYT News Health Affairs and anchor
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.5 square miles (136.0 km²), of which, 52.5 square miles (135.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.10%) is water.
The east town line is the border of Vermont, and the beginning of New England proper. Part of the west and south town lines are defined by the Batten Kill, a tributary of the Hudson River that has its beginnings in Vermont.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,702 people, 1,065 households, and 740 families residing in the town. The population density was 51.5 people per square mile (19.9/km²). There were 1,285 housing units at an average density of 9.5 persons/km² (24.5 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 98.11% White, 0.93% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,065 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 9.5% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 30.5% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,227, and the median income for a family was $45,668. Males had a median income of $32,821 versus $22,167 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,499. 8.3% of the population and 5.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.1% are under the age of 18 and 5.9% are 65 or older.
Communities and locations in the town 
- Eagleville – A hamlet at the south town line on the Batten Kill.
- Fitch Point – A hamlet near the west town line on NY-29.
- Greenwich Junction – A hamlet southeast of Salem village at the junction of NY-22 and NY-29.
- Rexleigh – A hamlet at the east town line on the Batten Kill.
- Salem – A village located on NY-22.
- Shushan – A hamlet at the south town line on the Batten Kill. It is the location of the Shushan Bridge, an historic covered bridge. Part of the community is in the town of Jackson.
Geographical features 
- Black Creek – A stream flowing through the western part of the town.
- Blind Buck Brook – A stream entering the Batten Kill south of Rexleigh.
- Camden Creek – A stream in the eastern part of the town, It enters the Batten Kill west of Eagleville.
- Dillon Hill – An elevation by the west town line.
- East Beaver Brook – A stream flowing through Salem village.
- Juniper Swamp Brook – A tributary of the Batten Kill.
- Scott Lake – A lake near the north town line.
- Steele Brook – A stream west of Camden Creek. It enters the Batten Kill west of Eagleville.
- West Beaver Brook – A tributary of Black Brook.
- Wheeler Hill – An elevation by the east town line.
Points of interest 
- Shushan Covered Bridge
- Rexleigh Covered Bridge
- Eagleville Covered Bridge
- Georgi Museum & Gardens; art collection of Italian, Dutch, Flemish, German and French paintings from the fourteenth through the eighteenth centuries.
- Revolutionary War Cemetery
- Historic Salem Courthouse & Prison
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Washington County, NY. Washington County GIS Web Map (Map). http://gis.co.washington.ny.us/webmap/default.aspx. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- "Metropolitan Areas and Components, 1999, with FIPS Codes". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- The Cahans Exodus http://homepage.eircom.net/~denesbitt/history.html and also http://www.magoo.com/hugh/cahans.html#clark
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/03/11 through 1/07/11. National Park Service. 2011-01-14.
- "Medal of Honor Recipients - WWII (A-F)". U.S. Army Center of Military History. December 3, 2010. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
- "The Asa Fitch Historical Society". Town of Salem. Retrieved March 24, 2011.