New York State Route 22

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"NY 22" redirects here. NY 22 may also refer to New York's 22nd congressional district.

NYS Route 22 marker

NYS Route 22
NY 22 follows a north–south alignment along the eastern border of the state of New York. It loosely parallels Interstate 87 from New York City north to Mooers, a hamlet near the Canadian border.
Map of New York with NY 22 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT, NYCDOT, Clinton County, Westchester County and the cities of Mount Vernon and Plattsburgh
Length: 340.94 mi[2] (548.69 km)
Existed: 1924[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: US 1 in The Bronx
  I-287 in White Plains
US 6 / US 202 in Brewster
I-84 / I-684 in Southeast
US 44 in Amenia, then Millerton
I-90 / Thruway in Canaan
US 20 in New Lebanon
US 4 in Whitehall
US 9 near Keeseville
I-87 in Plattsburgh
US 11 in Mooers
North end: Route 219 at the Canadian border in Mooers
Location
Counties: Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess, Columbia, Rensselaer, Washington, Essex, Clinton
Highway system
NY 21A NY 22A

New York State Route 22 (NY 22) is a north–south state highway in eastern New York in the United States. It runs parallel to the state's eastern edge from the outskirts of New York City to the Canadian border. At 341 miles (549 km), it is the state's longest north–south route and the third longest overall, after NY 5 and NY 17.[fn 1] Many of the state's major east–west roads intersect with Route 22 just before crossing the state line into the neighboring New England states.

Almost all of Route 22 is a two-lane rural road that only passes through small villages and hamlets. The exceptions are its southern end in the heavily populated Bronx and lower Westchester County, and a section of that runs through the city of Plattsburgh near the northern end. The rural landscape that the road passes through varies from horse country and views of the picturesque reservoirs of the New York City watershed in the northern suburbs of the city, to dairy farms further upstate in the hilly Taconics and Berkshires, to the undeveloped, heavily forested Adirondack Park along the shores of Lake Champlain. An 86-mile (138 km) section from Fort Ann to Keeseville is part of the All-American Road known as the Lakes to Locks Passage.

The southernmost section of the road was known as the White Plains Post Road in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a major highway connecting New York City to White Plains, the Westchester county seat. Route 22 in its modern form was established in 1930 as one of the principal routes from New York City to Canada.

Route description[edit]

Route 22 starts as an urban arterial road, passing through the most populous communities along its route within its first 15 miles (24 km). After running northerly from its origin in the Bronx it veers slightly to the northeast in the vicinity of a traffic circle near Kensico Dam before heading northward for good as a mostly two-lane rural route all the way to the Canadian border.

The majority of NY 22's 341-mile (549 km) routing is maintained by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT); however, several sections are maintained by other jurisdictions. The southernmost of these is in the Bronx, where the entirety of NY 22 within the borough is maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT).[3] In Westchester County, NY 22 is mostly locally maintained within the city of Mount Vernon and is county-maintained within the city of White Plains.[4] In Clinton County, the route is locally maintained within the city of Plattsburgh and county-maintained from U.S. Route 11 (US 11) to the Canadian border.[5]

Bronx to Kensico Dam[edit]

An old, grimy NY 22 shield is mounted on a pole off the side of the highway. To the right of the sign is a large, multi-story building.
First reassurance shield of NY 22

Route 22 starts as Provost Avenue at an intersection with U.S. Route 1 (US 1) in the Bronx, intersecting with East 233rd Street about 0.2 miles (0.3 km) later.[6] It soon crosses the Westchester county line into Mount Vernon and becomes South Third Avenue, beginning a 30-mile (48 km) section in that county.[7] Shortly after the county line, Route 22 makes a sharp turn to the right at the South Columbus Avenue intersection. It parallels the nearby Hutchinson River Parkway as it heads into the New York City suburbs of Bronxville and Tuckahoe. At Wilson Woods Lake, it crosses a pair of railroad tracks and becomes North Columbus Avenue, then has its first interchange with a limited-access road at the Cross County Parkway.[4]

Two country clubs on either side herald NY 22's entry into the suburb of Eastchester.[7] It makes a turn to the northeast, passing the Vernon Hills Shopping Center to the right. After leaving Eastchester, NY 22 continues north into the village of Scarsdale.[7]

The route parallels the Bronx River Parkway (BRP) as it enters Westchester's county seat, White Plains.[7] Within the city of White Plains, NY 22 is maintained by Westchester County with the unsigned designations of County Route 53 (CR 53) from the Scarsdale line to NY 125, CR 108 between NY 125 and Westchester Avenue, and CR 87 from Broadway to the North Castle line.[4] NY 22 also intersects NY 125 and NY 119 in downtown White Plains, then bends to the northwest along North Broadway, eventually intersecting the Cross-Westchester Expressway (Interstate 287 or I-287). White Plains Rural Cemetery is visible to the west as NY 22 continues northward out of the city.[7]

In North White Plains, the area that the road passes through becomes a little less developed as it goes over a gentle rise from which a short connector runs downhill to the traffic circle where the BRP ends and the Taconic State Parkway begins, just south of Kensico Dam.[7]

Kensico Reservoir to Brewster[edit]

While the Taconic State Parkway continues along the northwest heading Route 22 had been following, Route 22 itself veers to the northeast along the reservoir's south shore towards a short concurrency with NY 120,[7] just north of IBM's Armonk headquarters and the "Duke's Trees angle", the westernmost point in Connecticut.[8] For the first time, NY 22 runs parallel to New York's eastern border, intersecting I-684 for the first of several times just north of the short portion of that highway in Connecticut. A short distance later, NY 433, one of the state's shortest highways, heads south from NY 22 into Greenwich.[7]

After that junction, NY 22 bends back to the north, paralleling I-684 as a narrow, shaded meandering two-lane rural route through the Westchester countryside of large wooded lots and houses well-screened from the road. In downtown Bedford, the first settlement since White Plains, the highway overlaps with NY 172 for a few blocks, then intersects NY 121 at its southern terminus. Route 22 itself follows a due-north heading from the hamlet, passing the John Jay Homestead State Historic Site (the first National Historic Landmark along the highway), and Harvey School, before it briefly widens at a major intersection with NY 35 near Katonah.[7] Two miles north of that junction, NY 22 becomes parallel to I-684 into the Town of Somers and the hamlet of Goldens Bridge. On the other side of the interstate, accessible via NY 138, is the Goldens Bridge train station on Metro-North Railroad's Harlem Line, which begins a long parallel alignment with NY 22 at this point.[7]

A pair of bridges pass from left to right on tall supports that tower over the other structures in the area, such as telephone poles and single-story buildings. The two-lane NY 22 passes underneath the bridge and proceeds into the background.
I-84 overpass north of Brewster

The railroad's Purdy's station is a short distance west of the next junction, NY 116, after which NY 22 crosses under I-684, remaining between it and the railroad tracks. Turning left onto Hardscrabble Road, it follows the tracks away from the interstate to the site of the next station, North Salem's hamlet of Croton Falls. Just north of the hamlet, Route 22 crosses under the tracks, and is joined by US 202. Immediately afterward, the road crosses back under the railroad again and enters Putnam County, following the Croton River north past the spillway of East Branch Reservoir.[7]

After paralleling the reservoir for almost two miles (3 km), a third route, US 6, joins the concurrency just east of the village of Brewster. The three routes cross under a high, long bridge carrying I-84, then veer east to an interchange with the north end of I-684. US 6 and 202 continue east for Danbury while NY 22 uses the northbound on-ramp of the I-684 roadway.[7] The short expressway connector that carries northbound I-684 traffic to northbound NY 22 is NY 981B, an unsigned reference route.

Harlem Valley, Taconics and Berkshires[edit]

A four-lane highway descends a hill and disappears from view. In the background are large, tree-covered mountains.
NY 22 looking north into the Harlem Valley from Patterson

Route 22 continues heading northeast along a narrow strip of land between the East Branch and Bog Brook reservoirs. It then resumes its northward heading, following a much straighter course than it had up to this point, on two lanes through wooded areas of the town of Patterson, where two local state highways, NY 312 and 164, come in from the west. The highway gradually expands to three and sometimes four lanes as it passes through built-up areas of strip development. Shortly after intersecting a third state highway, NY 311, and passing another strip plaza, NY 22 crosses into Dutchess County.[7]

After another supermarket strip to the east, a long, gentle divided bend in the road almost a mile long ends with an overpass where NY 55 comes in from the west. It joins NY 22 as the two routes, returning to two lanes, pass through the eastern fringe of the village of Pawling and then by Trinity-Pawling School. Past the village, the railroad tracks edge closer to the highway as NY 22 enters the scenic Harlem Valley, which lends its name to the railroad line.[7] The road curves more gently and takes longer straightaways, with lower density of residential and commercial development. Two miles from Pawling, the Appalachian Trail crosses the road next to the line's Appalachian Trail station. The flag stop allows hikers access to the nearby Pawling Nature Preserve.

Routes 22 and 55 continue their long curve into the town of Dover, past the Harlem Valley–Wingdale station next to the road across from the now-closed buildings of Harlem Valley Psychiatric Center. The NY 55 concurrency ends when that road heads towards Connecticut at Wingdale. The road continues through Dover Plains and into Amenia, where an overlap with NY 343 begins. The railroad line ends at Wassaic, the most distant Metro-North station from the city in direct miles. Route 343 remains joined with Route 22 into the hamlet of Amenia, where it separates and heads towards state line. At the same junction, US 44 comes in from Millbrook to begin an overlap with Route 22.[7] The valley opens up as the southern Taconics loom ahead. Shortly after crossing into the Town of North East, the highway passes by the large Coleman Station Historic District.

A sign assembly indicates that NY 343 westbound is accessed by turning left while NY 22 northbound and NY 343 eastbound are straight ahead. A sign below the route shields indicates that Millbrook is located eight miles to the west on NY 343.
NY 343 and NY 22 concurrency near Dover, New York

After intersecting with NY 199 at its eastern end, NY 22 and US 44 veer northeast into the small village of Millerton in the northern protrusion of Dutchess County's Oblong, an area once the subject of a boundary dispute between New York and Connecticut in the late 17th century. US 44 continues eastward towards Connecticut while NY 22 resumes its northward course into the shadow of the ridge ahead, where three states converge near the 2,311-foot (704 m) Brace Mountain, Dutchess County's highest, and Connecticut's highest point on Mount Frissell's southern slope. At another gentle curve, NY 22 slips into Columbia County and the town of Ancram.[7] North of the county line, Massachusetts becomes the state behind Alander Mountain and the other peaks visible to the east. The southernmost route from New York to the Massachusetts state line, NY 344, leaves for Bashbish Falls State Park at the hamlet of Copake Falls.[7]

The next major junction is in Hillsdale where NY 23 crosses NY 22 on its way to Catamount Ski Area, which straddles the New York–Massachusetts state line. At the hamlet of Green River, NY 71, the state's shortest two-digit route, begins at NY 22 heading east into Massachusetts. NY 22 then crosses into Austerlitz, where the surrounding terrain becomes much more wooded and the valleys become narrower. In the center of town, East Hill Road offers a short detour to Steepletop, the farm where Edna St. Vincent Millay lived. A short distance later, NY 22 intersects with NY 203 at its eastern end.[7]

Route 22 then veers sharply to the northeast, resuming a northward direction only a short distance from the state line, a few hundred feet to the east. It then rounds a mountain and heads west, paralleling the New York State Thruway's Berkshire section (I-90) for a mile. NY 980D (an unsigned reference route) leaves to the east, where it becomes Massachusetts Route 102 at the state line. After Thruway exit B3, NY 22 resumes its northerly heading. From here it intersects NY 295, then passes Queechy Lake. NY 22 then straightens out to reach New Lebanon, where it intersects US 20. New York's longest east–west route (US 20) overlaps with its longest north–south route (NY 22) for a mile before the former continues to Pittsfield and the latter returns to the border-paralleling course, which takes it into Rensselaer County.[7]

A two-lane highway in a desolate, forested area descends a hill and turns to the right and out of view ahead of a large hill in the background. The road widens to three lanes just ahead of the bend.
Route 22 through Washington County

As NY 22 continues north, it remains, at first, within a mile of Massachusetts, moving to the east to intersect with NY 43 in Stephentown. North of that junction, it begins to run through a deep, isolated, lightly populated valley in the New York section of the Berkshires. Wide curves take the road through Berlin, where Berlin Mountain, the highest peak in the state outside of the Catskills and Adirondacks, caps the eastern skyline. Route 22 trends further west, then back east to where NY 2 crosses via an overpass at Petersburgh on its way to Petersburg Pass, the northernmost crossing of the New York–Massachusetts state line. The next road to head east from NY 22, NY 346 at North Petersburgh, enters Vermont.[7]

Shortly afterward, the highway descends gently from the Berkshires to meet another major state road, NY 7, and overlaps with it for a short distance. Two miles after that concurrency ends, NY 22 follows the upper Hoosic River to Hoosick Falls, the first village it has passed through since Millerton. There are no other state routes here, but after another 2 miles (3.2 km), at North Hoosick, NY 67 comes in from the east and the two roads overlap as they leave Rensselaer County.[7]

Washington County[edit]

Almost immediately after the joined roads cross the county line, NY 67 splits off to the west, crossing the Hoosick back into Rensselaer County, while NY 22 straightens out again to go due north. After 4 miles (6 km), it reaches Cambridge, where NY 313 forks off to the east. In the middle of town, NY 372, a local connector to Greenwich, ends.[7]

Two two-lane highways intersect in a residential area. A sign assembly to the right indicates that NY 22 northbound continues straight while NY 313 eastbound is accessed by turning right.
NY 22 at an intersection with NY 313

North of Cambridge, the highway continues through a rolling landscape of fields and farms, the low transitional country between the Appalachians and the Adirondacks. Beyond NY 29's eastern terminus at Greenwich Junction, Route 22 heads eastward again through 18 miles (29 km) of countryside until, just before reaching Granville, it comes within 0.5 miles (800 m) of the state line, the closest it has come to that boundary since Austerlitz. At the village's south end, NY 22 intersects NY 149 and the two routes overlap for several blocks until NY 149 begins its short journey to Vermont. Just north of Granville, the first of NY 22's two suffixed routes, NY 22A, begins its route running closely parallel to the state line and then into Vermont, where it becomes Vermont Route 22A, paralleling the parent route for some distance on the other side of the state line.[7]

Immediately after this junction, NY 22 begins a long curve away from the state line that has it running due west at the end of NY 40 in North Granville. It heads northwest a little further until, after passing between Great Meadows and Washington state prisons, it reaches US 4 and turns right to join it, resuming its northward course. The overlap with US 4, one of the few along Route 22 that pairs it with another north–south route, lasts for seven miles (11 km) along the base of the Adirondack foothills between the low country and Lake George, before ending in Whitehall, where US 4 leaves to assume the east–west course it takes across northern New England.[7]

Adirondack Park and Lake Champlain[edit]

In the foreground is a small cluster of trees that has built up alongside NY 22. Beyond those is a large cultivated field; even farther out is a dense forest. In the distance is an area of lowlands surrounded by forests and bisected by a narrow, winding waterway. Two large mountain ranges are barely visible in the far-off distance.
View to the Drowned Lands at the south end of Lake Champlain from near Whitehall

As NY 22 bends westward after leaving Whitehall, it rounds the north end of the ridge to the west, offering views into Vermont. Once again the Vermont state line is very near NY 22, but now it is separated from New York by water instead of land. The stream at the bottom of this valley, surrounded by the low lying Drowned Lands flood plain, is the inflow for Lake Champlain. The lake's South Bay, which the road crosses immediately after this turn, is also the Blue Line. Route 22 has now entered Adirondack Park, the 6,100,000-acre (25,000 km2) Forest Preserve and National Historic Landmark, and the largest state-level protected area in any state. Within the park, NY 22 mainly follows the lakeshore, closer to some of its more populated areas.[7]

It continues along the hillside of Black Mountain, Washington County's highest peak, as it meanders north on the narrowing isthmus between Lakes Champlain and George. Near the northern end, it crosses the Essex County line. Two miles later, it reaches the first settlement along its length within the Adirondack Park, Ticonderoga. The highway skirts the northeastern edge of the village, the site of key battles in both the French and Indian and Revolutionary Wars, as NY 74 comes in from the ferry to the east. This overlap lasts for almost two miles (3 km) until NY 74 goes straight ahead at the intersection with NY 9N, while NY 22 turns right to join NY 9N, the longest suffixed route in the state, and return to its northbound orientation.[7]

A two-lane highway in a wooded area during autumn. It drops away in the center, with a view toward a distant landscape with a body of water and mountains beyond. On the right is a sign with the number 22
View of Vermont and Lake Champlain near Essex

At first, Routes 22 and 9N veer west, away from the lake, but then return to its shoreline to avoid a nearby mountain, just before Crown Point. NY 185, a small connector road, runs from 9N and 22 along the peninsula to become Vermont Route 17 (VT 17). They remain close to the widening lake for the next 15 miles (24 km) through Port Henry to Westport, where 9N leaves heading west for Elizabethtown. Beyond that junction, Route 22 again turns inland, going through the easy pass around Split Rock Mountain. At Bouquet, it makes an abrupt right turn to go due east back to the lakeshore and ferry landing at Essex. Here, the route connects to the Charlotte–Essex Ferry via Dock Street, which leads to VT F-5 on the opposite side of Lake Champlain.[7]

At Willsboro, Route 22 heads to the northwest again, away from the lake, until it heads west and intersects US 9 in the town of Chesterfield, the other major north–south surface route up the state's eastern side. Routes 22 and 9 join together, closely parallel to the Adirondack Northway (I-87), the only other route in the state to directly connect New York City with Canada. The three routes, spread over many miles in the southern part of the state, run through a narrow corridor for two miles (3 km) until Routes 9 and 22 veer east again toward Keeseville.[7]

Here, Route 9N ends and Routes 9 and 22 separate. The two will exchange corridors, with US 9 following the lake shore line while NY 22 remains mostly inland. NY 22 enters Clinton County just north of Keeseville, and then leaves Adirondack Park 2 miles (3.2 km) beyond at the Peru town line.[7]

Clinton County[edit]

Just south of the hamlet of Peru, the short NY 442 terminates at Route 22. In the hamlet itself, after the Little Au Sable River crossing, NY 22's other suffixed route, NY 22B, branches off further inland. NY 22 continues north of Peru, and returns to the Northway's side again in a mile. After another five miles (8 km), it has its first exit on the Northway near the now-closed Plattsburgh Air Force Base. It continues northeastward, crossing the Saranac River into Plattsburgh,[7] the first city and most populous community NY 22 has passed through since White Plains.

A two-lane highway approaches an intersection with another highway regulated by a blinking signal. Small, mostly two-story buildings surround the rural junction. A sign assembly indicates that NY 22 northbound and US 11 southbound turn left while US 11 northbound is straight ahead.
The signed northern terminus of NY 22 as of 2008

NY 22 runs along South Catherine Street for a few blocks, then divides into one-way couplets for the first time since Westchester County, with northbound traffic moving a block to the east to follow Oak Street, while southbound traffic comes down North Catherine Street. It parallels US 9 for a couple of blocks, intersecting NY 3 (Cornelia Street) just a block west of its eastern terminus at that highway. After Boynton Avenue, the separate streets reunite and turns northwest just before it has its second and final exit with the Northway. Just after the exit, NY 374 begins along the westbound route as NY 22 turns to the north once again.[7]

The highway follows the railroad tracks into Beekmantown until it bears left at a fork, trending further west to Beekmantown Corners, where another short local road, NY 456, comes to its western end. After crossing into the next town, Chazy, NY 22 bears left again at another fork to drift further to the west.[7] The terrain around the road becomes increasingly wooded, with long unbroken stretches of pine, in the northern portion of the town. This is briefly broken at another western terminus of a short local road, NY 191, in the hamlet of Sciota.[9]

NY 22 continues past Sciota in a fairly straight north-northwesterly course through more woods with small home and farm clearings. Those yield to mostly fields just before the Great Chazy River, after which NY 22 enters the hamlet of Mooers.[10][11] As signed, NY 22 comes to an end upon intersecting US 11;[12] however, it officially overlaps with US 11 west to Hemmingford Road, where it turns north to follow Hemmingford Road north to the Canadian border.[2] The highway continues north into the province of Quebec as Route 219.[13]

History[edit]

Old roads[edit]

The road from the modern-day Bronx (then part of Westchester County) through White Plains to Bedford and points north was originally an old Indian path.[14] This path was later used and widened by the first European settlers. During colonial times, the road was known as "the road to Bedford and Vermont".[14] Further north, near Lake Champlain, the route now used by Route 22 was used by the St. Francis Indians of Canada as they went south to find warmer fishing areas.[15] The old road was also used heavily during the American Revolution to transport iron south from the mines in the Adirondacks.[15]

Once White Plains became the county seat of Westchester in 1759, the road between this village and the city of New York (then encompassing only Manhattan) became an important route and was established as the White Plains Post Road. Before 1797, the main road heading to points north and east out of Manhattan went via Kingsbridge along the old Boston Post Road.[16] A new bridge over the Harlem River (the original Harlem Bridge) was opened in 1797, shortening the route out of Manhattan. This also relocated the Boston and White Plains Post roads to a new alignment along Third Avenue and Boston Road. The White Plains Post Road separated from the Boston Post Road in Bronxdale, with the road to Boston heading east and the road to White Plains heading north. The old White Plains Post Road roughly followed the alignment of modern-day White Plains Road, which was laid out in 1863.[16] (The original post road was to the east of the modern-day avenue). The White Plains Post Road continued north through Olinville, Wakefield, and Mount Vernon, where the route shifted east to modern-day White Plains Post Road, going through Bronxville and Scarsdale to White Plains.[17]

The stretch from Salem to the Vermont border in Granville was part of the old Northern Turnpike, which began in Lansingburgh and went along modern-day Route 40. The Northern Turnpike was chartered on April 1, 1799.[18]

Public ownership[edit]

A highway flanked on both sides by fence and trees proceeds through mostly open land.
A picture of State Road in Patterson, which would later become part of 22

In 1868, the New York State Legislature formed a commission "to regulate, grade, widen, gravel, and improve the old White Plains Post Road", which was amended in 1870 to "macadamize the road"[19] between Mount Vernon and White Plains. The post road south of Mount Vernon, which was part of New York City, was later widened between 1902 and 1908.[16]

State highways were first formally defined by the state legislature in 1909 and given numeric designations,[20] although these initial designations were not publicly signed. Portions of modern Route 22 were defined as part of legislative routes 1 and 22. Legislative route 1 went from the New York City line north along the White Plains Post Road to White Plains, then detoured to Harrison (via Westchester Avenue), before proceeding north to Armonk (via modern NY 120). Legislative route 1 continued north along modern NY 22 to Austerlitz, where it then turned northwest to Valatie (via modern NY 203 and NY 980B), then followed US 9 to Albany. Legislative route 22 had two segments. The southern segment began in Troy, following NY 7 to Hoosick, then went north along modern NY 22 up to Putnam Station (south of Ticonderoga).

Route 22 designation[edit]

In 1924, New York signed several major state roads with route numbers. Most of Legislative route 1 was designated as NY 22, but with a direct route between White Plains and Armonk. Also, instead of continuing to Valatie, NY 22 initially ended at Hillsdale (at the intersection with NY 23).[1] By 1929, the road to Valatie had been improved and NY 22 was extended to US 9, with a length of 139 miles (224 km).[21] The middle section of modern NY 22 was designated in 1924 as NY 24, running for 75 miles (121 km) from Stephentown to Comstock. The portion of modern NY 22 north of Whitehall remained unnumbered in 1924 but gained a designation in 1925 when NY 30, a route assigned in 1924 that linked Mechanicville to Whitehall, was extended north from Whitehall to the Canadian border north of Mooers.[1][22] In the 1930 renumbering, the NY 24 and NY 30 designations were both reassigned elsewhere. The NY 22 designation was extended north along old NY 24 and NY 30,[23] incorporating newly improved roads between Austerlitz and Stephentown, resulting in a route length of 370 miles (595 km).[24] The segment of old NY 22 between Austerlitz and Valatie was renumbered to NY 203.[23]

A two-lane street passes through a city neighborhood composed of a line of three-story buildings and a large church. The street is lined with decorative lampposts and small trees.
View down Lenox Avenue from West 124th Street and Malcolm X Boulevard. This was once part of NY 22 in Manhattan

In December 1934, at the insistence of the Automobile Club of New York, several numbered routes were extended and signed within New York City, with NY 22 being one of these routes. NY 22 was extended south from the Mount Vernon line in the Bronx along White Plains Road, then it shifted via East 233rd Street to Webster Avenue until Fordham Road (US 1). From Fordham Road, it continued south along the Grand Concourse (overlapped with NY 100), crossing into Manhattan via East 149th Street to the 145th Street Bridge. In Manhattan, the NY 22/100 pair continued south along Lenox Avenue, 110th Street, Fifth Avenue, 96th Street, and Park Avenue, ending at Houston Street (NY 1A).[25] By 1941, the alignment within Mount Vernon was shifted east to use Columbus Avenue and South 3rd Avenue (current NY 22), continuing its route to New York City via East 233rd Street as before.[26] On January 1, 1970, the NY 22 designation was removed from Manhattan and most of the Bronx, and the short piece remaining in the city was realigned to meet US 1 at its current southern terminus.[27]

U.S. Route 7[edit]

In the original plan for the U.S. Highway System, as approved by the Bureau of Public Roads in November 1926,[28] US 7 was defined as beginning in New York City and designated on the alignment of NY 22 to Amenia, where it shifted northeast into Sharon, Connecticut to use old New England Route 4 through Massachusetts and Vermont all the way to the Canadian border. Apparently New York State did not approve this plan, and by mid-1927 the official route log published by AASHO (now known as AASHTO) had been amended so that the southern end of US 7 began in Norwalk, Connecticut instead.[29]

State Route 9N concurrency[edit]

In the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, the stretch from Ticonderoga to Keeseville (now concurrent with NY 9N) was designated solely as Route 22. The north end of NY 47 was also located at an intersection with Route 22 in Ticonderoga. At Westport, NY 22 connected to NY 195, an east–west highway leading to Elizabethtown. At the time, Route 9N only stretched from Elizabethtown to Keeseville.[23] NY 9N was extended southward to Lake George c. 1936, supplanting NY 47 and NY 195 and becoming concurrent with NY 22 between Ticonderoga and Westport.[30][31]

NY 8 originally extended eastward from Hague to a ferry across Lake Champlain at Putnam when it was assigned as part of the renumbering. In between the two locations, the route utilized modern NY 9N, Montcalm Street, NY 22, and Wrights Ferry and Wrights roads.[32] It was realigned in the early 1930s to continue east from Ticonderoga on what is now NY 74 to another ferry across the lake.[32][33] NY 8 was altered again c. 1934 to follow NY 22 north from Ticonderoga to Crown Point, where it turned off the highway onto Bridge Road (now NY 185).[33][34] Route 8 remained intact along this routing until c. 1968, when Route 8 was truncated southwestward to NY 9N in Hague.[35][36]

Realignments[edit]

A rural, narrow two-lane highway passes through an area composed of trees, fields, and small brush.
Dutchess CR 81, a realigned section of NY 22

Over the course of many years, several sections of NY 22 were straightened, realigned to new roads, or both. Some old alignments are still either county-maintained or state-maintained. Several of these are in Dutchess County. In Dover Plains, the southern leg of NY 22's junction with NY 343 is maintained by the state as NY 980G, a reference route.[31][37] To the north in the town of Amenia, a 4.03-mile (6.49 km)[38] long loop off NY 22 between Wassaic and Amenia is designated as CR 81. Another former routing of NY 22 in the town of Dover exists as CR 6, a loop route between the hamlets of Wingdale and Dover Plains that runs along the west bank of the Ten Mile River.[31][37] Within the 44/22 concurrency, the intersection with CR 5 south of Millerton is also a former alignment of Route 22.[39]

Before the construction of I-684, NY 22 continued northeast along Sodom Road north of Brewster on what is now CR 50, a dead-end road maintained by Putnam County.[40] Modern NY 22 joins the I-684 roadway at exit 10 (the northern terminus of I-684) and connects to the surface road on the opposite side of the Croton River via the NY 981B connector. South of Copake Falls, the state also still maintains an old alignment designated as NY 980F. North of Copake Falls, the northern half of the original alignment was designated as an extension of NY 344.[41][42]

Mooers area[edit]

The segment of NY 22 north of US 11, named Hemmingford Road, was state-maintained until September 1, 1988, when ownership and maintenance of that part of the route was transferred to Clinton County as part of a highway maintenance swap between the county and the state of New York.[43] Following the swap, it was co-designated as CR 34 by Clinton County.[5] In 2008, the signed northern terminus of NY 22 was moved to the east end of its overlap with US 11 in Mooers.[12][44] The official alignment of NY 22 was not changed, however, as the New York State Department of Transportation still considers the Canadian border to be NY 22's northern terminus as of March 2010.[5]

Suffixed routes[edit]

A four-lane highway proceeds into the background, where it disappears from view after descending a hill. Buildings home to various businesses, streetlights, and sidewalks line both sides of the highway. Two overhead signs held up by wires instruct drivers destined for NY 22B southbound to continue straight and those destined for NY 3 westbound to turn right ahead.
NY 22B at its junction with NY 3

NY 22 has two suffixed routes, both in the North Country.


Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[2] km Destinations Notes
Bronx The Bronx 0.00 0.00 US 1
Westchester Mount Vernon 2.79 4.49 Cross County Pkwy. Exit 8 (Cross County Parkway)
White Plains 11.15 17.94 NY 125 Northern terminus of NY 125
11.57 18.62 NY 119 Eastern terminus of NY 119
12.30 19.79 I-287 Exit 6 (I-287)
North Castle 13.28 21.37 Central Westchester Parkway Northern terminus of the Central Westchester Parkway
17.47 28.12 NY 120 south Southern terminus of NY 22 / NY 120 overlap
17.79 28.63 NY 120 north Northern terminus of NY 22 / NY 120 overlap
18.94 30.48 NY 128 Southern terminus of NY 128
19.57 31.49 I-684 Exit 3 (I-684)
19.97 32.14 NY 433 Northern terminus of NY 433
Town of Bedford 25.80 41.52 NY 172 west Western terminus of NY 22 / NY 172 overlap
26.83 43.18 NY 172 east Eastern terminus of NY 22 / NY 172 overlap
27.21 43.79 NY 121 Southern terminus of NY 121
32.10 51.66 NY 35
Lewisboro 34.25 55.12 NY 138
North Salem 36.76 59.16 NY 116 west Southern terminus of NY 22 / NY 116 overlap
36.83 59.27 NY 116 east Northern terminus of NY 22 / NY 116 overlap
Somers 38.84 62.51 US 202 west Southern terminus of US 202 / NY 22 overlap
Putnam Brewster 43.29 69.67 US 6 west Southern terminus of US 6 / NY 22 overlap
Southeast 44.20 71.13 To I-684 / US 6 east / US 202 east Northern terminus of US 6 / NY 22 and NY 22 / US 202 overlaps; exit 10 (I-684)
47.18 75.93 NY 312 Eastern terminus of NY 312
Patterson 50.36 81.05 NY 164 Eastern terminus of NY 164
53.53 86.15 NY 311 Northern terminus of NY 311
Dutchess Town of Pawling 56.02 90.16 NY 55 west Southern terminus of NY 22 / NY 55 overlap
Dover 62.90 101.23 NY 55 east Northern terminus of NY 22 / NY 55 overlap
Washington 71.32 114.78 NY 343 west Southern terminus of NY 22 / NY 343 overlap
Town of Amenia 78.71 126.67 US 44 west / NY 343 east Hamlet of Amenia; northern terminus of NY 22 / NY 343 overlap; southern terminus of US 44 / NY 22 overlap
North East 85.71 137.94 NY 199 Eastern terminus of NY 199
Millerton 87.30 140.50 US 44 east Northern terminus of US 44 / NY 22 overlap
Columbia Copake 100.12 161.13 NY 344 Western terminus of NY 344
Hillsdale 104.16 167.63 NY 23
111.42 179.31 NY 71 Western terminus of NY 71
Austerlitz 115.07 185.19 NY 203 Southern terminus of NY 203
Canaan To Route 102 via NY 980D (Albany Street)
120.33 193.65 I-90 / Thruway Exit B3 (I-90 / NYST)
123.18 198.24 NY 295
New Lebanon 128.12 206.19 US 20 west Western terminus of US 20 / NY 22 overlap
128.86 207.38 US 20 east Eastern terminus of US 20 / NY 22 overlap
Rensselaer Stephentown 134.86 217.04 NY 43
Petersburgh 150.26 241.82 NY 2
155.55 250.33 NY 346 Western terminus of NY 346
Hoosick 157.78 253.92 NY 7 west Western terminus of NY 7 / NY 22 overlap
158.11 254.45 NY 7 east Eastern terminus of NY 7 / NY 22 overlap
164.16 264.19 NY 67 east Southern terminus of NY 22 / NY 67 overlap
Washington White Creek 166.65 268.20 NY 67 west Northern terminus of NY 22 / NY 67 overlap
Village of Cambridge 171.65 276.24 NY 313 Western terminus of NY 313
171.98 276.77 NY 372 Eastern terminus of NY 372
Town of Salem 181.00 291.29 NY 29 Eastern terminus of NY 29
Town of Granville 199.49 321.05 NY 149 west Southern terminus of NY 22 / NY 149 overlap
199.56 321.16 NY 149 east Northern terminus of NY 22 / NY 149 overlap
202.27 325.52 NY 22A Southern terminus of NY 22A
206.71 332.67 NY 40
Town of Fort Ann 210.96 339.51 US 4 south Southern terminus of US 4 / NY 22 overlap
Village of Whitehall 217.67 350.31 US 4 north Northern terminus of US 4 / NY 22 overlap
Essex Town of Ticonderoga 242.52 390.30 NY 74 east Hamlet of Ticonderoga; eastern terminus of NY 22 / NY 74 overlap
244.12 392.87 NY 9N south / NY 74 west Western terminus of NY 22 / NY 74 overlap; southern terminus of NY 9N / NY 22 overlap
Crown Point 255.43 411.07 NY 185 Southern terminus of NY 185; to Champlain Bridge
Westport 269.60 433.88 NY 9N north Northern terminus of NY 9N / NY 22 overlap
Chesterfield 295.80 476.04 US 9 south Southern terminus of US 9 / NY 22 overlap
Clinton Keeseville 300.37 483.40 US 9 north / NY 9N Northern terminus of US 9 / NY 22 overlap; northern terminus of NY 9N / NY 22 overlap; northern terminus of NY 9N
300.64 483.83 NY 9N south Southern terminus of NY 9N / NY 22 overlap
Town of Peru 306.22 492.81 NY 442 Western terminus of NY 442
306.45 493.18 NY 22B Hamlet of Peru; southern terminus of NY 22B
Town of Plattsburgh 312.58 503.05 I-87 Exit 36 (I-87)
City of Plattsburgh 316.98 510.13 NY 3
Town of Plattsburgh 318.17 512.04 I-87 Exit 38 (I-87)
318.50 512.58 NY 374
Beekmantown 323.17 520.09 NY 456 Western terminus of NY 456
Chazy 332.39 534.93 NY 191 Western terminus of NY 191
Town of Mooers 337.26 542.77 US 11 north Hamlet of Mooers; signed northern terminus of NY 22; officially the eastern terminus of US 11 / NY 22 overlap
337.53 543.20 US 11 south Hamlet of Mooers; western terminus of US 11 / NY 22 overlap
340.94 548.69 Route 219 Canadian border; continuation into Quebec
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

County route systems containing a former alignment

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ When Route 17 is fully converted to I-86, NY 22 will replace it as second longest in the state.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times. December 21, 1924. p. XX9. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 68–71. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Bronx County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. March 2, 2010. Retrieved December 19, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Westchester County Department of Public Works (2006) (PDF). Westchester County and State Road Map (Map). http://www.westchestergov.com/planningdocs/pdfmaps/countystateroadsparks.pdf. Retrieved November 30, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c "Clinton County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. March 2, 2010. Retrieved December 19, 2010. 
  6. ^ American Automobile Association (2007). New York City, New York (Map). Cartography by American Automobile Association.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Google Inc. "overview map of NY 22". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&hl=en&geocode=58220593458587723,40.886000,-73.827880%3B6522070936495129134,41.039203,-73.766727%3B5672779903011180275,41.345940,-73.660900%3B15408310895559650350,41.396316,-73.594127%3B14550970845021287973,41.656470,-73.572620%3B8435193068691866798,43.139557,-73.312036%3B10327490697673327996,43.861257,-73.437632%3B15206420212923798593,44.151668,-73.429228%3B8527031127615731287,44.341965,-73.388670%3B3028479322039926936,44.532773,-73.505930%3B10878765276887877902,44.672491,-73.484112%3B5903212199207770013,45.004249,-73.602955&saddr=Boston+Rd%2FUS-1+%4040.886000,+-73.827880&daddr=N+Broadway%2FRT-22+%4041.039203,+-73.766727+to:RT-22+%4041.345940,+-73.660900+to:Unknown+road+%4041.396316,+-73.594127+to:RT-22+%4041.656470,+-73.572620+to:Steele+Rd+%4043.139557,+-73.312036+to:43.461143,-73.410301+to:RT-22%2FRT-9N%2FWicker+St+%4043.861257,+-73.437632+to:RT-22%2FRT-9N+%4044.151668,+-73.429228+to:CR-66%2FMiddle+Rd+%4044.341965,+-73.388670+to:RT-22+%4044.532773,+-73.505930+to:RT-22+%4044.672491,+-73.484112+to:Hemmingford+Rd%2FRT-22+%4045.004249,+-73.602955&mra=dpe&mrcr=0&mrsp=6&sz=12&via=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11&dirflg=h&sll=43.478335,-73.296318&sspn=0.112107,0.300751&ie=UTF8&ll=43.501749,-73.330994&spn=0.224127,0.601501&z=11. Retrieved July 11, 2008.
  8. ^ New York State Legislature. "New York State State Law § 2". Retrieved February 4, 2010. 
  9. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (1979). Beekmantown Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=b51. Retrieved January 20, 2010.
  10. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (1979). West Chazy Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=b50. Retrieved January 20, 2010.
  11. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (1979). Mooers Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=a50. Retrieved January 20, 2010.
  12. ^ a b I Love New York (2008). New York State Map (Map). Cartography by Map Works.
  13. ^ Yahoo! Inc. "NY 22 and Quebec Route 219 at the Canadian border". Yahoo! Maps (Map). Cartography by Navteq. http://maps.yahoo.com/#mvt=m&lat=45.004777&lon=-73.595365&zoom=15. Retrieved June 3, 2010.
  14. ^ a b Hershenson, Roberta (August 21, 1983). "Old Indian Trail Called Route 22". The New York Times. p. WC1. 
  15. ^ a b "Topics of the Times". The New York Times. July 23, 1950. p. E8. 
  16. ^ a b c Jenkins, S. (1912). The Story of the Bronx. G. P. Putnam's Sons. Chap. X. Retrieved November 30, 2007. 
  17. ^ Comstock, S. (1915). Old Roads from the Heart of New York. G.P. Putnam's Sons. Chap. 19. Retrieved November 30, 2007. 
  18. ^ State of New York (1829). The Revised Statutes of the State of New-York, 1827–1828. Packard and Van Benthuysen. Vol. III, pp. 587–624. Retrieved November 30, 2007. 
  19. ^ State of New York (1870). Statutes at Large of the State of New York, 1867. Weed, Parsons & Co. p. 568. Retrieved November 30, 2007. 
  20. ^ State of New York (1919). New York State, Laws of 1909, Chap. 30 (The Highway Law). J. B. Lyon. Retrieved November 30, 2007. 
  21. ^ Automobile Legal Association (ALA) (1930). Automobile Green Book, 1930/31 edition. Scarborough Motor Guide Co. 
  22. ^ Automobile Legal Association (ALA) (1925). Automobile Green Book, 1925 edition. Scarborough Motor Guide Co. 
  23. ^ a b c d Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136. 
  24. ^ Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book (1931–32 ed.). Boston: Scarborough Motor Guide Co. 1931. 
  25. ^ "Mark Ways in the City". The New York Times. December 16, 1934. p. XX12. 
  26. ^ Gousha (1941). New York metropolitan area (Map). http://www.nycroads.com/history/1941_metro-4/. Retrieved November 30, 2007.
  27. ^ State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State (PDF). Retrieved July 16, 2009. 
  28. ^ U.S. Department of Agriculture (1926). U.S. Highway System as approved by the Bureau of Public Roads in November 1926 (Map). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:1926us.jpg.
  29. ^ American Association of State Highway Officials (1927). United States Numbered Highways. 
  30. ^ Sun Oil Company (1935). Road Map & Historical Guide – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  31. ^ a b c Standard Oil Company (1936). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  32. ^ a b Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book, 1930–31 and 1931–32 editions, (Scarborough Motor Guide Co., Boston, 1930 and 1931). The 1930–31 edition shows New York state routes prior to the 1930 renumbering
  33. ^ a b Texas Oil Company (1933). Texaco Road Map – New England (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  34. ^ Texas Oil Company (1934). Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  35. ^ United States Geological Survey (1967). Glens Falls, NY Quadrangle (Map). 1:250,000. Eastern United States 1:250,000. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/topo/250k/txu-pclmaps-topo-us-glens_falls-1967.jpg. Retrieved December 7, 2007.
  36. ^ Esso (1968). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1969–70 ed.).
  37. ^ a b New York State Department of Transportation (1989). Dover Plains Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=aa50. Retrieved January 20, 2010.
  38. ^ Yahoo! Inc. "overview map of Dutchess CR 81". Yahoo! Maps (Map). Cartography by Navteq. http://maps.yahoo.com/#mvt=m&lat=41.840225&lon=-73.558431&zoom=17&q1=41.791705%2C-73.552594&q2=41.802247%2C-73.558366&q3=41.815602%2C-73.556392&q4=41.830025%2C-73.558731&q5=41.842288%2C-73.557766&q6=41.844685%2C-73.558667. Retrieved January 16, 2009.
  39. ^ Google Inc. "overview map of Dutchess CR 5 (Old Route 22)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF-8&rlz=1T4ADBF_enUS232US232&q=from%3A%20CR-5%2FSmithfield%20Rd%20%4041.909478%2C%20-73.540816%20to%3A%20CR-5%2FOld%20Route%2022%20%4041.922900%2C%20-73.537818&um=1&sa=N&tab=wl. Retrieved July 11, 2008.
  40. ^ Google Inc. "overview map of Putnam County Road 50". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF-8&rlz=1T4ADBF_enUS232US232&q=from%3A%20CR-50%2FSodom%20Rd%20%4041.398367%2C%20-73.600181%20to%3A%20CR-50%2FSodom%20Ln%20N%20%4041.400280%2C%20-73.591810&um=1&sa=N&tab=wl. Retrieved July 11, 2008.
  41. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (January 2012). Official Description of Highway Touring Routes, Bicycling Touring Routes, Scenic Byways, & Commemorative/Memorial Designations in New York State (PDF). Retrieved February 16, 2012. 
  42. ^ United States Geological Survey (1953). Copake Quadrangle – New York–Massachusetts (Map). 1 : 24,000. 7.5 Minute Series (Topographic). http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/usgspreview/index.cfm?code=o42073a5. Retrieved July 11, 2008.
  43. ^ New York State Legislature. "New York State Highway Law § 341". Retrieved March 29, 2010. 
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  45. ^ I Love New York (2009). New York State Map (Map). Cartography by Map Works.
  46. ^ Esso (1942). New York with Pictorial Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  47. ^ United States Department of the Army Corps of Engineers (1944). New York–Vermont – Granville Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Cartography by United States Geological Survey. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/usgspreview/index.cfm?code=o43073d3. Retrieved May 3, 2009.

External links[edit]