San Miguel Department (El Salvador)

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San Miguel
Vista desde el valle de la ciudad de San Miguel.jpg
Flag of San Miguel
Location within El Salvador
Location within El Salvador
Coordinates: 13°31′19″N 88°14′02″W / 13.522°N 88.234°W / 13.522; -88.234Coordinates: 13°31′19″N 88°14′02″W / 13.522°N 88.234°W / 13.522; -88.234
Country  El Salvador
(given current status)
Seat San Miguel
 • Total 2,077.1 km2 (802.0 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 2nd
 • Total 478,792
 • Rank Ranked 4th
 • Density 230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
ISO 3166 code SV-SM

San Miguel is a department of El Salvador in the eastern part of the country. The capital is San Miguel. It has 2,077 km² and a population of over 478,000

San Miguel was first known as San Miguel de la Frontera. The city was founded by Luis de Moscoso on May 8, 1530, where it is now Santa Elena. This territory was part of the Lenca Principality at the time of the conquest. On July 11, 1812 it was given the title of "Noble y Leal Ciudad" (noble and loyal city). It was made a department on June 12, 1824.

It is the location of the Ciudad Barrios municipality, well known for being the birthplace of the soon-to-be-beatified Venerable Archbishop Oscar Romero, who was martyred on March 24, 1980, while saying Mass in a small hospital's chapel, by death squad assassin agents of the military government of El Salvador during the 1980s and 1990s, in the period of the Salvadoran Civil War, which would not end until 1992, 12 years after his death, which was toward the beginning of the conflict.


A beach in El Cuco, San Miguel
  1. arolina
  2. Chapeltique
  3. Chinameca
  4. Chirilagua
  5. Ciudad Barrios
  6. Comacarán
  7. El Tránsito
  8. Lolotique
  9. Moncagua
  10. Nueva Guadalupe
  11. Nuevo Edén de San Juan
  12. Quelepa
  13. San Antonio
  14. San Gerardo
  15. San Jorge
  16. San Luis de la Reina
  17. San Miguel
  18. San Rafael
  19. Sesori
  20. Uluazapa


The products that are more cultivated are the basic grains, henequen and sugar cane, fruits, oleaginous seeds, mangrove, and grass. The upbringing of bovine, swinish, goat, and mule livestock exists and the upbringing of corral birds and of bees. Among the most important manufacturing, there is the elaboration of nutritious products, threads, yarns, drinks, cotton fabrics, clothes, leather articles, detergents, soaps, milk, and construction material.


There are a few beaches in the San Miguel department, for instance in El Cuco.