San Miguel Department (El Salvador)
Location within El Salvador
(given current status)
|• Total||2,077.1 km2 (802.0 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 2nd|
|• Rank||Ranked 4th|
|• Density||230/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC−6)|
|ISO 3166 code||SV-SM|
San Miguel was first known as San Miguel de la Frontera. The city was founded by Luis de Moscoso on May 8, 1530, where it is now Santa Elena. This territory was part of the Lenca Principality at the time of the conquest. On July 11, 1812 it was given the title of "Noble y Leal Ciudad" (noble and loyal city). It was made a department on June 12, 1824.
It is the location of the Ciudad Barrios municipality, well known for being the birthplace of the soon-to-be-beatified Venerable Archbishop Oscar Romero, who was martyred on March 24, 1980, while saying Mass in a small hospital's chapel, by death squad assassin agents of the military government of El Salvador during the 1980s and 1990s, in the period of the Salvadoran Civil War, which would not end until 1992, 12 years after his death, which was toward the beginning of the conflict.
- Ciudad Barrios
- El Tránsito
- Nueva Guadalupe
- Nuevo Edén de San Juan
- San Antonio
- San Gerardo
- San Jorge
- San Luis de la Reina
- San Miguel
- San Rafael
The products that are more cultivated are the basic grains, henequen and sugar cane, fruits, oleaginous seeds, mangrove, and grass. The upbringing of bovine, swinish, goat, and mule livestock exists and the upbringing of corral birds and of bees. Among the most important manufacturing, there is the elaboration of nutritious products, threads, yarns, drinks, cotton fabrics, clothes, leather articles, detergents, soaps, milk, and construction material.
There are a few beaches in the San Miguel department, for instance in El Cuco.
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