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|Awarded for||Awarded for works of fine literature|
|Presented by||Mifal HaPayis|
The Sapir Prize for Literature of Israel is a prestigious annual literary award presented for a work of fine literature. The prize is awarded by Mifal HaPayis (Israel's state lottery), and is a part of the organization's cultural initiatives. It carries the name of the late Pinhas Sapir, a former Finance Minister of Israel, and was first awarded in 2000.
The group of judges for the prize is composed of prominent literary figures, whose names are kept confidential until the prize winner is named. Some of these judges are replaced from year to year.
The judges first select five books published during the previous year as final contestants for the prize. These books are selected from a list of books provided by the major publishing houses. After a number of weeks, a winner is chosen from these five books and is publicised during Israel's Hebrew Book Week.
The Sapir Prize, based on the British Man Booker Prize, is the most lucrative literary prize awarded in Israel: In 2005 the winner was awarded 150,000 NIS (roughly $35,000 USD), and each of the four remaining final contestants was awarded 25,000 NIS. In addition, the winner is granted translation of his work (from Hebrew) to the language of his choice. The prize award is the largest prize purse in literature in Israel.
In 2003, author Etgar Keret's book of short stories Anihu was disqualified from competing for the prize after it was discovered that the regulations required all competing books to run at least 60,000 words. This rule has since been abolished.
The five finalist authors participate in a round of literary get-togethers with readers throughout Israel with the backing of Israel's state lottery. In 2005, the state lottery ran a competition allowing readers to bet on the winner of the prize; the first 30 people to guess the winner correctly received the five finalist books.
In 2006, in response to many petitions, the prize's management decided to open up the competition to works published in the previous five years which had been translated into Hebrew from other languages. All competing authors must be Israeli citizens. The change was intended to allow Israeli authors writing in Russian, Arabic, English, and additional languages to compete. These authors can compete either in the normal prize track, or in a separate track specifically for translated works, from which only one work is selected.
The prize's awarding ceremony is broadcast every year on television during Israel's Hebrew Book Week.
The Sapir Prize has been criticized on the grounds that it is given to bestsellers. Some of the country's most important writers refuse to submit their candidacy for it, including Meir Shalev, Aharon Appelfeld, A.B. Yehoshua and Amos Oz.
- 2013: Noa Yedlin, בעלת הבית 
- 2012: Shimon Adaf, Mox Nox 
- 2011: Haggai Linik, Prompter Needed
- 2010: Yoram Kaniuk, 1948
- 2009: The prize was annulled this year after it was initially awarded to Alon Hilu for House of Dajani.
- 2008: Zvi Yanai, שלך, סנדר
- 2007: Sara Shilo, The Falafel King is Dead
- 2006: Ron Leshem, Beaufort
- 2005: Alona Frankel, Girl 
- 2004: Dan Tsalka, Tsalka's ABC
- 2003: Amir Gutfreund, Our Holocaust
- 2002: Gail Hareven, The Confessions of Noa Weber
- 2001: David Grossman, Someone to Run With
- 2000: Haim Sabato, Adjusting Sights
- Julie Wheelwright. Saturday, 16 February 2002
- June 11, 2006. News of the Muse, By JERUSALEM POST STAFF AND Associated Press 
- Forget Sapir. Give her the Bernstein Haaretz, 16 July 2009
- Critic slams head of Sapir panel, Maya Sela
- הוכרזה הזוכה בפרס ספיר לספרות. pais.co.il (in Hebrew). February 6, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- Staff writer (February 17, 2013). "Israel's top literary award, Sapir Prize, goes to Shimon Adaf". Haaretz. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- Sapir literary prize for 2011 awarded to Haggai Linik
- Yoram Kaniuk won Sapir Award
- National lotto revokes Sapir Prize due to conflict of interest
- Haaretz: Alona Frankel wins Sapir Literature Prize for "Girl"