Satyrium (orchid)

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Satyrium odorum 120503.jpg
Satyrium odorum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diseae
Subtribe: Satyriinae
Genus: Satyrium

91, see text


Aviceps Lindl.
Diplectrum Pers.
Hipporkis Thouars
Satyridium Lindl.

Satyrium macrophyllum
Pencil and watercolour by Harry Bolus

In botany, Satyrium is an orchid genus. There Kew plant list for 2010 listed 85 full species as accepted, ignoring synonyms, subspecies and hybrids etc. About tn were till unresolved at the time. Most of the species occur in sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar. The ranges of 4 species extend to Asia, mainly in India and Sri Lanka. Hybridization occurs between several species, complicating molecular phylogenetic studies, especially those relying on mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA sequences.

The genus most closely related to Satyrium is presumed to be Pachites, which together with Satyrium makes up the subtribe Satyriinae of the Diseae. Historically other species with helmet-shaped flowers e.g. Aceras, Chamorchis and Platanthera, often were included in the genus Satyrium, but far from belonging in the same genus, they no longer are included even within the Satyriinae, but within the tribe Orchideae.

Currently accepted species of Satyrium[edit]