Picea schrenkiana

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Picea schrenkiana
Schrenk's Spruce
IMG 9369-Kaindy.jpg
Forest at Kaindy Lake, southeast Kazakhstan
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
Species: P. schrenkiana
Binomial name
Picea schrenkiana
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

Picea schrenkiana, Schrenk's spruce,[1] or Asian spruce,[1] is a spruce native to the Tian Shan mountains of central Asia in western China (Xinjiang), Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.[1] It grows at altitudes of 1,200-3,500 metres,[2] usually in pure forests, sometimes mixed with the Tien Shan variety of Siberian Fir (Abies sibirica var. semenovii). Its name was given in honour of Alexander von Schrenk (1816-1876).

Description[edit]

Picea schrenkiana tree in Rogów Arboretum, Poland

Picea schrenkiana is a large evergreen tree growing to 40–50 metres (130–160 ft) tall (rarely to 60 metres (200 ft)), with a trunk diameter of up to 1–2 metres (3.3–6.6 ft). It has a narrow conical crown with level branches and sometimes pendulous branchlets. The shoots are pale buff-brown, and glabrous (hairless). The leaves are needle-like, 1.5-3.5 cm long, rhombic in cross-section, dark green with inconspicuous stomatal lines.

The cones are cylindric-conic, 6-12 cm long and 2 cm broad, purple when young, maturing dark brown and opening to 2.5-3.5 cm broad 5–7 months after pollination; the scales are moderately stiff and smoothly rounded.

Subspecies[edit]

There are two subspecies:

  • Picea schrenkiana subsp. schrenkiana. Eastern Tian Shan, in Kazakhstan and Xinjiang. Leaves longer, 2-3.5 cm long.
  • Picea schrenkiana subsp. tianshanica (Rupr.) Bykov. Western Tian Shan, in Kyrgyzstan. Leaves shorter, 1.5-2.5 cm long.

It is closely related to, and in many respects intermediate between Morinda spruce (Picea smithiana) from further south in the Himalaya, and Siberian spruce (Picea obovata) further north in Siberia.

Uses[edit]

Schrenk's spruce is an important tree in central Asia for timber and paper production, where few other large trees exist. Its slower growth compared to Norway Spruce reduces its importance outside of its native range.

Cultivation[edit]

Picea schrenkiana is grown as an ornamental tree in large gardens and public parks in Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Picea schrenkia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Picea schrenkiana". Flora of China. efloras.org. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]