|United States Senator
February 4, 2010 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Paul Kirk|
|Succeeded by||Elizabeth Warren|
|Member of the Massachusetts Senate
from the Norfolk, Bristol and Middlesex district
March 25, 2004 – February 4, 2010
|Preceded by||Cheryl Jacques|
|Succeeded by||Richard Ross|
|Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
from the 9th Norfolk district
|Preceded by||Jo Ann Sprague|
|Succeeded by||Richard Ross|
|Born||Scott Philip Brown
September 12, 1959
Kittery, Maine, U.S.
|Alma mater||Tufts University
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1979–2013|
|Unit||Judge Advocate General's Corps
Army National Guard
|Awards|| Army Commendation Medal
Meritorious Service Medal
Scott Philip Brown (born September 12, 1959) is an American political commentator and a former United States Senator from Massachusetts. Prior to his term in the Senate, Brown served as a member of the Massachusetts General Court, first in the State House of Representatives (1998–2004) and then in the State Senate (2004–2010).
Brown is a member of the Republican Party, and faced the Democratic candidate, Massachusetts Attorney General Martha Coakley, in the 2010 special election to succeed U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy for the remainder of the term ending January 3, 2013. While initially trailing Coakley in polling by a large margin, Brown saw a sudden late surge in the polls and posted a surprise win to became the first Republican elected to the U.S. Senate from Massachusetts since Edward Brooke in 1972. Brown ran for a full Senate term in 2012, but lost to Democratic challenger Elizabeth Warren. He subsequently joined the board of directors of Kadant paper company and has joined Fox News as a commentator.
Prior to entering the state legislature, he had experience as a town selectman and assessor. He is a practicing attorney, with expertise in real estate law, and served as defense counsel in the Judge Advocate General's Corps of the Massachusetts Army National Guard. Brown is a graduate of Wakefield High School (1977), Tufts University (1981), and Boston College Law School (1985).
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early career
- 3 State political career
- 4 U.S. Senate
- 5 Political positions
- 6 Organizational associations and honors
- 7 Post-Senate career
- 8 Personal life
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and education
Brown was born on September 12, 1959, in Kittery, Maine and grew up in Wakefield, Massachusetts. He often spent his summers in Newburyport, Massachusetts, where his father served as a city councilor for 18 years. Brown's father, Claude Bruce Brown, and mother, Judith Ann “Judi” (née Rugg), divorced when he was about a year old. Both his parents have since remarried three times. His father and his grandfather were Republicans. His father has said that young Scott became interested in running for political office in the mid-1960s while accompanying him on a campaign for state office. Scott Brown recalls holding campaign signs for his father.
Brown had a difficult childhood; after her divorce, his working mother received welfare benefits. Brown experienced sexual abuse from a camp counselor who threatened to kill the 10-year-old boy if he told anyone—which he did not disclose, even to his family, until his autobiography Against All Odds (2011)—and physical abuse from his stepfathers. During various periods of his childhood, Brown lived with his grandparents and his aunt. He shoplifted many times, and was arrested for stealing record albums and brought before Judge Samuel Zoll in Salem, Massachusetts at the age of 12. Zoll asked Brown if his siblings would like seeing him play basketball in jail and required Brown to write a 1,500-word essay on that question as his punishment. Brown later said, "that was the last time I ever stole."
He graduated from Wakefield High School in 1977. He received a Bachelors of Arts in History, cum laude from Tufts University in 1981 and a Juris Doctor from Boston College Law School in 1985. During his undergraduate career at Tufts, Brown was a member of the Kappa Chapter of Zeta Psi International Fraternity.
Army National Guard service
Brown has said the rescue efforts of Army National Guard during the Northeastern United States blizzard of 1978 impressed him. He joined the Massachusetts Army National Guard when he was 19, receiving his basic training at Fort Dix, New Jersey, and attending Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) classes at the campus of Northeastern University. He was trained in infantry, quartermaster, and airborne duties, and in 1994 he joined the Judge Advocate General's Corps (JAG). He has been active in the Guard for about 30 years and has risen to the rank of colonel. As the Army National Guard's head defense attorney in New England, Brown defended Guard members who had disciplinary difficulties such as positive drug tests, and provided estate planning and real estate advice to those who are about to deploy to war zones. He spent ten days to two weeks with the Guard in Kazakhstan and a week in Paraguay.
He was awarded the Army Commendation Medal for meritorious service in homeland security shortly after the September 11 attacks. He credits his military experience with causing him to focus on veteran's issues as well as issues of war and peace. He has served on the Veterans and Federal Affairs Committee, the Hidden Wounds of War Commission, and the Governor's Task Force on Returning Veterans during his career as a legislator.
On May 2, 2011, Brown announced that he would soon go to Afghanistan for training as part of his Army National Guard service. When deployed in August 2011 for a week of training, he spent most of his time in Kabul.
In June 1982, Brown, then a 22-year-old law student at Boston College, won Cosmopolitan magazine's "America's Sexiest Man" contest. After two weeks on a crash diet of "three cans of tuna a day" and intensive workouts he was featured in the magazine's centerfold, posing nude but strategically positioned so that according to Brown, "You don't see anything". In the accompanying interview, he referred to himself as "a bit of a patriot" and stated that he had political ambitions. The Cosmopolitan appearance and its $1,000 fee helped pay for law school, and began for Brown a "long, lucrative" part-time catalog and print modeling career in New York and Boston during the 1980s.Brown took a leave of absence from Boston College and further pursued his modeling career in New York where he was represented by Wilhelmina Models while taking classes at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. He returned to Boston, after nearly two years, to continue his studies at Boston College and continued to work as a model represented by Boston agent, Maggie Trichon of Maggie Inc.
State political career
He successfully ran for the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1998, representing the 9th Norfolk District for three terms. Brown again moved up the ladder of state politics to the state Senate in March 2004 when he won a special election to replace Democrat Cheryl Jacques. Brown was re-elected for a full term in November 2004, and again in November 2006, running without opposition the second time. He won re-election in November 2008, defeating Democratic candidate Sara Orozco by a 59–41 percent margin. Following his re-election, Brown was one of five Republicans in the 40-seat Massachusetts Senate. In the Massachusetts Senate, Brown served on committees dealing with consumer protection, professional licensing, education, election laws, public safety, and veterans' affairs.
In February 2007, a controversy arose after Brown's appearance at King Philip Regional High School in Wrentham, Massachusetts as part of a debate on gay marriage. The high school students had launched a Facebook group attack on Brown and had made a derogatory remark about his daughter, Ayla. During his presentation, Brown defended himself and his daughter by directly quoting several vulgar statements they had made and announcing the names of the students who had written the statements. Critics questioned whether Brown should have quoted the profane comments in front of a high school audience.
In January 2010, The Boston Globe reported that during six terms in the Legislature, three each in the House and Senate, Brown had a modest record of legislative initiatives, but he had carved out a niche as a leading advocate for veterans. Richard R. Tisei of Wakefield, Massachusetts, the leader of the Republican minority in the state Senate, called Brown "the acknowledged expert on veterans' issues." State Senator Jack Hart, a Democrat of South Boston, said: "He does his homework, he's comprehensive in his approach, and on veterans' issues, he's one of them and has done a very good job on their behalf."
Brown lists among his achievements as a legislator his authorship of a 2007 law that created a check-off box on state income tax forms for veterans to indicate whether they served in Iraq or Afghanistan. The state uses the information to notify veterans of available services and benefits, including the Welcome Home Bonus that provides $1,000 for those returning from active duty in Afghanistan or Iraq.
On September 12, 2009 (his 50th birthday), Brown announced his run for the U.S. Senate seat that became vacant with the death of Ted Kennedy, saying the state "needs an independent thinker." Washington Post columnist Kathleen Parker said that Brown's political positions did not fall neatly into party lines, and called Brown "mainstream in a nation that defines itself as mostly conservative." Boris Shor, political scientist at the Harris School of Public Policy, described Brown as a liberal Republican by national standards, but well-suited for his Massachusetts constituency. Shor explained the support Brown was receiving from the conservative national GOP as due to their "decentralized decision" to support the candidate most likely to win.
Brown's opponents in the general election were Democratic nominee, Attorney General Martha Coakley, and independent Joseph L. Kennedy (no relation to the Kennedy family). At the outset, he faced overwhelming odds because he was relatively unknown compared to Coakley, he was running as a Republican in a very Democratic state, and much of his campaigning had to be done during the Christmas and New Year's season when citizens do not generally pay much attention to politics. No Republican had been elected to the U.S. Senate from Massachusetts since Edward Brooke in 1972. He polled far behind Coakley for several months, but closed the gap in the early weeks of January.
One week before the January special election, a controversy arose over a Coakley approved television ad. The ad referenced the conscientious objector amendment Brown had sponsored for inclusion in a 2005 proposed state measure on patients' rights. This amendment would have allowed individual healthcare workers and hospitals to refuse to provide emergency contraceptive care (the morning-after pill) to rape victims if they objected due to a religious belief. After the amendment failed, Brown did vote for the main bill which, along with other patient rights, requires healthcare workers and hospitals to provide such care. Coakley's ad featured a male voice that said, "Brown even favors letting hospitals deny emergency contraception to rape victims," over the ad's graphic which had the words, "Deny care to rape victims." Brown's daughter Ayla called the Coakley ad "completely inaccurate and misleading", and stated that her father would never deny care to a rape victim. Brown criticized Coakley for running what he described as attack ads.
In the 2010 Senate race, although Brown was not endorsed by the Greater Boston Tea Party group, the group organized a fund-raising breakfast for him in Boston. The Tea Party Express also endorsed Brown and bought ads on the national cable networks supporting Brown.
When told that at various times he has been labeled a conservative, moderate and a liberal Republican, he responded "I'm a Scott Brown Republican." According to Politifact, while Brown was a Massachusetts legislator, he voted about 90 percent with the state Republican leadership; however, Republican Leadership in the Massachusetts legislature is generally considered far more moderate than the national Republican Party.
A week before the general election, Brown raised $1.3 million from over 16,000 donors in a 24-hour money bomb. His campaign office stated it raised $5 million over the period from January 11–15. Charlie Cook of the Cook Political Report stated on January 17 that he would put his "finger on the scale" for Scott Brown as the favorite. The Rothenberg Political Report released a statement that "the combination of public and private survey research and anecdotal information now strongly suggests that Republican Scott Brown will defeat Democrat Martha Coakley in tomorrow's race". Suffolk University's polling of three bellwether counties on January 18 had Brown leading Coakley by double-digit margins. Brown won the January 19 election, performing well in traditional Republican strongholds and holding rival Coakley's margins down in many Democratic precincts.
On election night, after Coakley conceded, Brown gave a victory speech that stated, "It all started with me, my truck, and a few dedicated volunteers. It ended with Air Force One making an emergency run to Logan. I didn't mind when President Obama came here and criticized me – that happens in campaigns. But when he criticized my truck, that's where I draw the line."
October 2011 polling showed Brown's approvals had fallen and he faced a competitive re-election if matched against Democrat Elizabeth Warren. However, his numbers in early March 2012 showed he led Warren by 8 points in the polls. In March 2012, Brown's lead had narrowed to 2.3%, within the margin of error. As of September 2012, several polls showed Warren with a lead over Brown (with one still giving Brown an edge).
On November 6, 2012, Brown was defeated by Warren in the general election. Warren was able to garner 53.7% of the vote, while Brown won 46.3%.
Brown was sworn into office on February 4, 2010, by Vice President Joe Biden, in his capacity as President of the Senate, on the floor of the Senate. As a Class I Senator, his term lasted until January 3, 2013.
Brown was among the speakers at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in Washington, D.C., introducing former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney. Despite his appearance at CPAC, where he alluded to his election as making "big government spenders...[not] feel good at all", Brown refused to rule out a vote for a Democratic "jobs bill" proposal, and has praised both Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada and former senior Senator and current Secretary of State John Kerry of Massachusetts for indicating their willingness to work with him across party lines. Brown was one of five Republican senators to vote for cloture on the jobs bill. The motion passed in the Senate 62–30 on February 22, 2010. In an up or down vote on the bill itself on February 24, 2010, Brown voted for final passage, helping to pass the bill 70–28.
According to the Washington Post, Brown voted with the majority of Republicans 80% of the time. In the same poll, "56% of Massachusetts voters believed he has kept his promise to be an independent voice in the U.S. Senate."
Brown's views on the 2011 budget cuts and his departures from GOP consensus placed him at odds with some of his fellow Republicans and prominent Tea Party conservatives, including Glenn Beck. He said he opposed these measures because he believed that they would have a negative impact on low income families and children.
In late June 2010, Brown was ranked as "the most popular officeholder in Massachusetts" according to a poll conducted by the Boston Globe. 55% of those polled had favorable opinions of Brown nearly five months after his January 19, 2010, special election victory to finish the term of the late Senator Edward Kennedy. 50% of respondents generally approved of how Brown had handled his new position.
On March 30, 2011, the Democratic Senate Campaign Committee released a poll showing that Brown remained the "most popular politician in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, with an approval rating of 73 percent." Brown's "'re-elect' score was comfortably above 50 percent, which is unusual for a Republican in an overwhelmingly Democratic state."
Brown's committee assignments were as follows.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Committee on Veterans' Affairs
- Caucus memberships
Brown describes himself as socially moderate and fiscally conservative. He identifies himself as a "Reagan Republican". He has said, "I'm going to be the only person down there who is going to be the independent voter and thinker... I've always been the underdog in one shape or form."
Brown is a signer of Americans for Tax Reform’s Taxpayer Protection Pledge. In a letter to the editor of the Boston Globe written on January 8, 2012, Brown wrote, "With out-of-control government spending and rising debt and deficits, politicians in Washington have proven time and time again that they cannot manage hard-earned taxpayer money responsibly. So why should we give them even more?"
Brown opposes a proposed multi-billion dollar tax on banks to recoup bailout money and prescribing of bank executive compensation. Brown, discussing the proposal through a spokesperson, said that he is "opposed to higher taxes, especially in the midst of a severe recession". He also opposes it on the grounds that the tax would likely be passed onto consumers in the form of higher service and ATM fees. In September 2010, Brown opposed a Senate bill creating a $30 billion government fund aimed at encouraging lending to small businesses. The bill combines the fund with $12 billion in new tax breaks. Brown criticized the bill for including a provision much like the Troubled Asset Relief Program, stating: "Banks making lending decisions with government funds is not the way to get our economy moving again.’’
On December 12, 2010, the Boston Globe reported that "[c]ampaign contributions to [Brown] from the financial industry spiked sharply during a critical three-week period last summer as the fate of the Wall Street regulatory overhaul hung in the balance and Brown used the leverage of his swing vote to win key concessions sought by firms." Brown received more than ten times the amount of contributions from the financial services industry as House Financial Services Committee chairman (and author of the legislation) Barney Frank during the same period. According to the Globe:
Brown’s efforts benefited large Massachusetts companies such as MassMutual Financial Group, Liberty Mutual Insurance, Fidelity Investments, and State Street Corp., whose executives and political action committees contributed $29,000 to Brown during the three-week period he was extracting the concessions from Democrats.
They also benefited major out-of-state institutions such as Goldman Sachs, UBS, and JPMorgan Chase. Those and other out-of-state financial interests gave Brown a total of $50,000 during the period.
In December 2011, with a temporary payroll tax cut set to expire at the end of the month, the Senate considered the Middle Class Tax Cut Act of 2011, which would extend the tax cut for 113 million workers or families and fund the plan by a 3.25 percent surtax on incomes over $1 million. Brown voted against proceeding to take up the bill (i.e., voted against cloture that would end the filibuster). He announced that his opposition was to the surtax on high incomes.
Brown supports President Barack Obama's decision to send 30,000 more troops to fight in Afghanistan. He cited Stanley McChrystal's recommendations as a reason for his support. He also advocates that suspected terrorists be tried in military tribunals and not civilian courts. He also supports the limited use of "enhanced interrogation techniques", including waterboarding against non-citizen terrorist suspects. He supports a two-state solution for the Israel-Palestinian conflict in which Israel and a new, independent Palestinian state would co-exist side by side.
In 2007, Brown wrote a law establishing a check off box on State income tax forms to allow a filer to indicate if he or she is a veteran of the Iraq or Afghanistan wars. The measure's purpose is to locate and inform returning veterans of benefits they qualify for. Known as the "Welcome Home" bonus, it was passed with bipartisan support. Brown also amended the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, with Senator Jack Reed (RI), to create a dedicated military liaison office within the newly formed Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which aside from defending against unscrupulous lenders, also ensures protection of military families against fraudulent life insurance policies. The measure passed the U.S. Senate 99 to 1.
Brown supported the 2006 Massachusetts health care reform, which requires all residents to have health insurance, with a state-subsidized plan created for those who cannot afford to insure themselves. Brown does not support President Obama's health care reform plan in its current form as approved by the Democratic-led House and Senate. He has stated this plan is fiscally unsound, and during his campaign notably pledged to be the 41st vote to filibuster the bill in the Senate.
Brown voted for a state measure on patients' rights that, among other provisions, requires emergency rooms to provide what is known as the morning-after pill to rape victims to prevent an unwanted pregnancy from developing. In consideration of health care workers who might have a religious objection to administering this medication, Brown attached what became known as the Conscientious Objector amendment which would have exempted these workers, as well as religious hospitals, from being required to provide this medication. However, Brown's amendment also required that all hospitals still had to provide a means for the patient to receive the medication, either by providing another healthcare worker willing to administer the medication, or, in the case of religious hospitals, to provide transportation to another facility, and in a timely manner. The amendment did not pass. Brown remains in favor of allowing religious hospitals to refuse to provide emergency contraception on moral or religious grounds, as he stated in the January 5, 2010 candidate debate.
Brown supports expanding solar, wind, and nuclear power, and offshore drilling exploration as a means to reduce the country's dependence on foreign oil. But, when faced with the controversial issue of whether an offshore wind farm should be allowed in the waters off the Cape Cod coast in Massachusetts, a major tourist destination and boating location, he expressed opposition, saying he believed it would hinder tourism and boating in the area.
Brown is an avid supporter of bipartisan cooperation among members of Congress. He has said that his goal in Congress is "to work in a bipartisan and bicameral manner." According to a Congressional Weekly study, in 2011 Brown was the second-most bipartisan U.S. Senator, voting with his own party only 54% of the time. By comparison, his partner in the Massachusetts Senate delegation, Senator John Kerry, voted with his own party 96% of the time, and the entire Massachusetts delegation to the House of Representatives voted with their party over 90% of the time.
During the second half of 2011, Brown wrote the 2011 version of the STOCK Act, a move to ban insider trading in Congress. The act, which was co-written with Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), would prohibit asset trading by members of Congress (and their staff) who have advance knowledge of their assets' behavior due to their involvement in Congress. The bill was verbally supported by President Barack Obama during his third State of the Union Address, and passed a major procedural hurdle in the Senate by a vote of 93–2 on January 30, 2012.
Brown refers to the currently legalized same-sex marriage in Massachusetts as a settled issue, which he does not wish to change. Brown has said he personally believes marriage is between a man and a woman, but would oppose a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage. He is in favor of civil unions. He opposes ending the Defense of Marriage Act, but otherwise favors leaving the issue to the states to decide. After initially claiming neutrality on "don't ask, don't tell", the ban on openly gay military personnel, he joined a handful of Republicans who broke with their party to repeal the ban in December 2010.
Brown has stated that Roe v. Wade is settled law. He is against intact dilation and evacuation abortions (known legally as "partial birth abortion") and has spoken in favor of parental consent for minors who seek an abortion. He said he would not use abortion as a litmus test in Supreme Court confirmations. He opposes federal funding for elective abortion in accordance with the Hyde Amendment.
Brown generally takes a hard-line prohibitionist stance on currently illegal drugs, favoring harsher penalties for drug offenses. After the Massachusetts Sensible Marijuana Policy Initiative was passed in 2008 and subsequently implemented, he proposed in the State Senate to enact higher fines for "drugged driving". In 2012, he opposed a state initiative to legalize the use of medicinal marijuana in Massachusetts. He also said efforts should be made to end drug trade in Afghanistan.
Crime and security
Brown supports strengthening Massachusetts sex offender penalties, the death penalty, the right to bear arms (with some restrictions such as licenses and background checks) and strengthening border enforcement and creating an employment verification system with penalties for companies that hire illegal immigrants. He opposes providing driver's licenses and in-state tuition to illegal immigrants. Scott Brown opposes the DREAM ACT, calling it "backdoor amnesty" for illegal immigrants.
Brown announced via Twitter on Tuesday January 17, 2012 that he would vote against the proposed Protect IP Act and Stop Online Piracy Act: "I’m going to vote NO on #PIPA and #SOPA. The Internet is too important to our economy." Brown also used his Twitter account to respond to criticisms with the incomprehensible "Bqhatevwr" after responding to earlier entries with "Whatever".
Organizational associations and honors
Brown is a 30-year member of the Massachusetts National Guard, in which he currently holds the rank of colonel in the Judge Advocate General's Corps. Brown was awarded the Army Commendation Medal for meritorious service in organizing the National Guard to quickly support homeland security following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. He has also completed Airborne School and been awarded the Meritorious Service Medal.
Brown has received the Public Servant of the Year Award from the United Chamber of Commerce for his leadership in reforming the state's sex offender laws and protecting victims' rights. Brown's family has helped raise funds for such non-profit organizations as Horace Mann Educational Associates (HMEA,Inc.), Wrentham Developmental Center, Charles River Arc, and the Arc of Northern Bristol County, all for the care and support of those with developmental disabilities. He has also been recognized by the National Federation of Independent Businesses (NFIB) for his work in creating an environment that encourages job growth and expansion in Massachusetts. The Boston Globe selected Brown as the 2010 Bostonian of the Year, citing his "profound impact on national politics in the last year".
Following Brown's defeat in the 2012 U.S Senate race there was wide speculation that he would run again in 2013 due to John Kerry resigning from the other Massachusetts Senate seat to become Secretary of State. However, on February 1, 2013, he ruled out undertaking a third U.S. Senate campaign in less than four years.
Because he owns a home in New Hampshire, Brown is eligible to challenge Democratic Senator Jeanne Shaheen, who is up for re-election in 2014. When asked if he would pursue this possibility, he stated, "I'm not going to rule anything out right now."
While visiting the Iowa State Fair in August 2013, Brown stated he was considering a 2016 presidential run.
In early February 2014, Brown's email list was used to to promote a "a video from a doctor warning against flu vaccines, fluoridated water, and excessive exercising, among other questionable medical claims." The email generated news coverage. Brown subsequently cut ties with the vendor that sent the email.
On March 13, 2014, Brown began seeking campaign staff while aggressively courting New Hampshire’s political elite, marking what local Republicans consider serious steps toward launching a Senate campaign against Democratic Senator Jeanne Shaheen.
On April 2, 2014, a local New Hampshire station reported that Brown "confirmed and announced on NH Today that he is running for the US Senate in NH" against Democratic Incumbent Jeanne Shaheen, and would announce the next week.
Brown is married to former WCVB-TV reporter Gail Huff, whom he met through modeling. They have two daughters, Ayla, an American Idol semi-finalist and 2010 graduate of Boston College, and Arianna, a competitive equestrian and pre-medical student at Syracuse University. Besides their primary home in Massachusetts, the couple owns a home in Rye, New Hampshire, three rental condos in Boston, and a timeshare on the Caribbean island of Aruba.
Brown and his family are members of the Christian Reformed Church in North America and attend New England Chapel in Franklin, Massachusetts. They also have a relationship with a community of Cistercians, more commonly known as Trappistine, Roman Catholic nuns at Mount St. Mary's Abbey in Wrentham, Massachusetts. The Brown family has raised over $5 million for the order, helping to install solar panels, a wind turbine, and a candy manufacturing plant that the order operates.
- "Brown, Scott". Current Biography Yearbook 2010. Ipswich, MA: H.W. Wilson. 2010. pp. 77–80. ISBN 9780824211134.
- Scott Brown joins Kadant paper company board of directors, MassLive, February 6, 2013
- Daily News (New York) http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/sen-scott-brown-joins-fox-news-article-1.1263276
|url=missing title (help).
- Welch, William F.; James, Steven T. "2007–2008 Public Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts".
- Mooney, Brian C. (November 20, 2009). "Being the underdog never deters a driven Brown". The Boston Globe. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
- Brown, Scott (2011). Against All Odds: My Life of Hardship, Fast Breaks, and Second Chances. HarperCollins. pp. 17–18. ISBN 978-0-06-201554-9.
- Ancestry of Scott Brown. Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved on 2012-09-29.
- Katzman, Katie (January 15, 2010). "Brown's dad proud of son's political rise". Newbury Port News.
- Ring, Dan (November 30, 2009). "Republican Scott Brown, seeking to fill the seat held by Ted Kennedy, favors more troops in Afghanistan, opposes health insurance overhaul". MassLive.com. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
- Brown, Scott (January 14, 2010). "A New Day Is Coming To Restore Faith And Balance". The Boston Globe.
- Stahl, Leslie (February 20, 2011). "The resilient Senator Scott Brown". CBS News. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- Arsenault, Mark and Christopher Rowland (February 17, 2011). "Brown describes beatings, sexual abuse in childhood". The Boston Globe.
- Slack, Donovan (February 23, 2011). "For Brown, second chance was a life-changing moment". The Boston Globe.
- "About State Senator Scott Brown". Scott Brown. Archived from the original on May 27, 2008. Retrieved January 21, 2010.
- "Tufts Alum Wins U.S. Senate Bid". Tufts University. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "US Senate candidate Scott Brown, at a glance". Seattle Times. Associated Press. January 16, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
- Mooney, Brian C. (January 7, 2010). "Guard service a key to candidate Brown". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
- Shear, Michael D. (May 2, 2011). "Scott Brown Headed to Afghanistan for National Guard Training". The New York Times.
- "Senator Scott Brown returns from military training in Afghanistan". The Boston Globe.[dead link]
- Scott Brown, promoted to colonel in National Guard, honored in ceremony with John McCain – Political Intelligence – A national political and campaign blog from The Boston Globe. Boston.com (2012-08-01). Retrieved on 2012-09-29.
- Meikle, James (January 20, 2010). "Scott Brown: From Cosmo centrefold to Massachusetts senator". The Guardian (London).
- Ashley Womble (September 22, 2009). "Senator Is the Centerfold". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
- Frank Bruni (February 22, 2010). "Where Scott Brown Is Coming From". The New York Times.
- Levenson, Michael (July 22, 2011). "Brown fashion catalogue offered for sale". The Boston Globe.
- Jacobs, Sally (October 23, 2012). "Modeling years gave Brown an early boost". The Boston Globe.
- Bruni, Frank (February 22, 2010). "Where Scott Brown Is Coming From". The New York Times.
- Radsken, Jill (January 27, 2010). "Photogs recall Scott Brown’s ease in front of camera". Boston Herald.
- Weber, Gretchen; Franco Ordonez; Emma Stickgold; Lisa Kocian (March 24, 2004). "Preservation plan on tap". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- Heather McCarron (February 10, 2007). "Brown on hot seat after quoting 'F' word at school appearance". The MetroWest Daily News.
- "Guard Service a Key to Candidate Brown" The Boston Globe January 7, 2010
- "Welcome Home Bonus". Mass.gov. September 11, 2001. Archived from the original on February 27, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Leblanc, Steve (January 21, 2010). "Scott Brown proudly proclaims he's 'a new breed of Republican'". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Associated Press.
- Burkeham, Oliver (January 21, 2010). "'I'm Scott Brown. I'm from Wrentham. I drive a truck'". The Guardian (London).
- Mooney, Alexander (September 26, 2008). "Palin should step down, conservative commentator says". CNN. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
- Parker, Kathleen (January 10, 2010), "A Republican Senate upset in Massachusetts?", The Washington Post, retrieved January 18, 2010
- Shor, Boris (January 15, 2010). "Scott Brown is a more liberal Republican than Dede Scozzafava". Retrieved January 16, 2010.
- Gelman, Andrew (January 15, 2010). "Scott Brown is a Liberal Republican". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
- Johnson, Glenn (December 9, 2009). "Kennedy special election puts GOP in spotlight". The Guardian (London).
- Levenson, Michael (December 8, 2009). "Scott Brown wins GOP primary, readies for race against Coakley". The Boston Globe.
- "Scott Brown wins Massachusetts Senate special election race". The Washington Post. January 19, 2010.
- "Poll: Scott Brown surges to double-digit lead over Martha Coakley". My Fox Boston. January 18, 2010.
- "Senate Race Competitive". Public Policy Polling. January 9, 2010. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Senate poll results". insidemedford.com. January 2010.
- Parker, Kathleen (January 10, 2010). "A Republican Senate upset in Massachusetts?". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Mohl, Bruce (February 15, 2006). "State orders Wal-Mart to sell morning-after pill, Retailer says it will consider stocking drug at all US stores". The Boston Globe.
- "Pregnancy Prevention or Abortion? New Emergency Contraception Pill Walks the Line". ABC News. February 1, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Viser, Matt (January 12, 2010). "Brown's daughters call for Coakley to take down ad". The Boston Globe.
- The GBTP website states: "Please note that while a few Tea Party groups across the nation have endorsed either Brown or Kennedy, the Greater Boston Tea Party has not endorsed either. We are encouraging you to get informed, make your own decision and then get involved."C Varley (January 7, 2010). "Massachusetts Special Senate Election Update". What's Brewing. Greater Boston Tea Party.
- "Friends of the Tea Party Scott Brown Reception". Scott Brown for United States Senate. January 2, 2010.
- "Tea Party Express Endorses Scott Brown for US Senate Massachusetts" (Press release). American Conservative Daily. January 9, 2010.
- "Scott Brown Campaign: Shhh!!! A secret we can now share with you all!". Tea Party Express. January 18, 2010.
- "Scott Brown Transcript". Greg Sergant's Blog. The Plum Line. Undated.
- "Obama says Brown's voting record is not that of an independent". Politifact. January 18, 2010.
- "Scott Brown is a more Liberal Republican than Dede Scozzafava". Boris Shor. January 15, 2010.
- "Candidates for Kennedy seat make final money pitch". Boston Herald. Associated Press. January 12, 2010. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Karl Vick; Chris Cillizza (January 16, 2010). "Democrats scramble in Massachusetts to retain Ted Kennedy's old Senate seat". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
- Carnevale, Mary Lu (January 18, 2010). "Bay State Battle: New Indicators Show Brown Gaining Ground". The Wall Street Journal.
- Catanese, David (January 18, 2010). "New Poll: Brown Up 9". Politico.
- "Massachusetts County Vote Results U.S. Senate – Unexpired Term – Special General". Associated Press. January 20, 2010.
- Acosta, Jim; Bash, Dana (January 19, 2010). "Brown wins Massachusetts Senate race". CNN.
- "Brown Scores Upset Victory Over Coakley in Massachusetts Senate Race". FOX News. January 19, 2010. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- Brown, Scott (January 20, 2010). "Scott Brown's Victory Speech". The New York Times.
- One poll showed Warren at +2; another showed Brown at +3.
- MJ Lee (2012-05-03) Poll: Scott Brown leads Elizabeth Warren in Massachusetts – MJ Lee. Politico.Com. Retrieved on 2012-09-29.
- Election 2012 – Massachusetts Senate – Brown vs. Warren. RealClearPolitics (2012-02-14). Retrieved on 2012-09-29.
- Election 2012 — Massachusetts Senate — Warren vs. Brown. RealClearPolitics (2012-11-10). Retrieved on 2012-12-30.
- "Brown sworn in to fill Kennedy Senate seat", UPI. February 4, 2010.
- "Sen. Scott Brown surprise at CPAC", The Washington Examiner. February 18, 2010.
- Jim O'Sullivan (February 20, 2010). "Scott Brown calls relations with John Kerry 'surprisingly positive'". Boston Herald. State House News Service.
- Oliphant, James; Hook, Janet (February 23, 2010), "Democrats block filibuster on scaled-back jobs bill", Los Angeles Times, retrieved March 4, 2010
- "Jobs bill passes overwhelmingly". First Read (MSNBC). February 24, 2010.
- "Scott Brown (R)". The Washington Post.
- Paleologos, David (April 9, 2011). "Scott Brown Popular in MA Despite Voting With Republicans". HuffPost News. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "Scott Brown upsets Glenn Beck, Michelle Malkin, as Senate passes Jobs Bill". The San Francisco Chronicle. February 24, 2010.
- Jennifer Epstein (January 4, 2011). "Tea party leader lashes out at Scott Brown". Politico.Com. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- Gelbwasser, Michael (June 29, 2010). "Sen. Scott Brown dubbed 'most popular' in poll". Sun Chronicle, Attleboro, MA. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- Ellis, John (March 31, 2011). "Senator Scott Brown in Good Shape For Re-Election". Business Insider, New York, NY. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
- "Scott Brown gets key Senate committee assignments". The Boston Herald. March 2, 2010. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers 112th Congressional List". Americans for Tax Reform. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
- "Brown's stance: Keep taxes low until Congress kicks spending habit". The Boston Globe.
- Stephanie Ebbert; Matt Viser (January 14, 2010). "Mass. Senate candidates clash on terrorism, bank bailout tax". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 17, 2010.[dead link]
- Fouhy, Beth (January 16, 2010). "Mass. Senate candidate Brown bashes Obama bank tax". London: AP via The Guardian. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Small-business tax breaks clear a hurdle in the Senate 'Brown decries plan, calling it a new bailout; End of filibuster a win for Obama'. September 15, 2010
- Slack, Donovan (December 12, 2010) Donations poured in as Brown’s role grew, Boston Globe
- "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 112th Congress – 1st Session". United States Senate. December 1, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- Sargent, Greg (November 29, 2011), "Payroll tax cut for workers would be funded by tiny group of wealthy Americans", The Washington Post, retrieved December 6, 2011
- McAuliff, Michael (November 29, 2011), "Scott Brown Backs Aid For The Employed Year After Blocking Help For Unemployed", Huffington Post, retrieved December 6, 2011
- Mooney, Brian C. (January 5, 2010). "Brown and Coakley clash over terror suspects' rights". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- Pappas, Alex (January 19, 2010). "Where Senator-elect Scott Brown stands on issues — other than health care". The Daily Caller.
- "H.R. 4173 (111th Congress)". United States Government Printing Office.
- Browenstein, Joseph (January 21, 2010). "Health Care Overhaul's Uncertain, Super-Majority-Free Future". ABC News.
- Kathleen Hennessey (January 24, 2010). "What makes Scott Brown run?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Andrea Estes (January 6, 2010). "In debate, Senate candidates seek to define differences". The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "96.9 Boston Talks podcast of the January 5, 2010 debate". Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- Seelye, K. Q. (April 28, 2010). "Regulators Approve First Offshore Wind Farm in U.S.". The New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- Scott Brown Playing Up Bipartisan Credentials. RealClearPolitics (2012-01-03). Retrieved on 2012-09-29.
- Robert Rizzuto (2012-01-26). Study: Scott Brown 2nd-most bipartisan senator in 2011. masslive.com. Retrieved on 2012-09-29.
- Breitbart News. Big Government (2011-11-15). Retrieved on 2012-09-29.
- Bill Summary & Status – 112th Congress (2011–2012) – S.1871 – THOMAS (Library of Congress). Thomas.loc.gov (2011-11-15). Retrieved on 2012-09-29.
- Bender, Bryan (January 31, 2012). "Scott Brown calls for swift passage of bill to ban insider trading by members of Congress". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 31, 2012.
- Hook, Janet (January 22, 2010). "Scott Brown gets a hero's welcome from Senate Republicans". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Will Scott Brown support repealing Don't Ask, Don't Tell?". Think Progress. January 31, 2010.
- "Scott Brown: I'll back repeal of military gay ban". The Boston Herald. December 3, 2010.
- O'Keefe, Ed (December 19, 2010). "'Don't ask, don't tell' is repealed by Senate; bill awaits Obama's signing". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- "Scott Brown on the Issues". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Van Sack, Jessica (September 28, 2009). "Sen. Scott Brown out of joint". Boston Herald. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
- U.S. Sen. Scott Brown weighs in on medical marijuana, suicide ballot questions, Associated Press
- "Scott Brown on Drugs". On the Issues. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- "#Bqhatevwr: Scott Brown’s Account Sends Twitter Into A Frenzy". WBZ. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Lee, Kristen A. (December 20, 2012). "Scott Brown is first GOP senator to back a new federal assault weapons ban". New York Daily News.
- Band, Gary (January 31, 2007). "Wakefield son promoted to lieutenant colonel". The Wakefield Observer. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "Senator Scott Brown Army Commendation Medal".
- Suddath, Claire. "2-Minute Bio: Scott Brown" Time January 19, 2010.
- "In My State: Massachusetts U.S. Senate Special Election News". NFIB.
- Swidey, Neil (January 2, 2011). "The Life of the party: Scott Brown". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- "Former Massachusetts Sen. Scott Brown signs on with Fox News". The Daily Caller. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- "Scott Brown Not Running For Open Senate Seat". WBZ. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "Scott Brown not ruling out run for Senate in New Hampshire".
- Kopan, Tal. "Scott Brown on 2016 run: 'I am curious". Politico. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- "SCOTT BROWN SAYS HE WON'T RUN FOR MASS. GOVERNOR". AP. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
- Walker, Hunter (September 23, 2013). "Ex-Sen. Scott Brown Working With Gun Company Tied To Brutal Regime". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Bierman, Noah (February 5, 2014). "Scott Brown rents out e-mail list to spammer". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Peoples, Scott (March 13, 2014). "Scott Brown Seeks Staff For N.H. Senate Run". WBUR-FM. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
- Lavender, Paige (April 3, 2014). "Scott Brown Running For Senate In New Hampshire". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
- "Financial disclosure, April 2009" (PDF). Mass State Ethics commission.
- Laura Crimaldi (January 22, 2010). "Compared to colleagues, Scott Brown lacks green". Boston Herald.
- "Welcome to Mount Saint Mary's Abbey". Mount Saint Mary's Abbey. February 24, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Monastic Life – Page 2". Mount Saint Mary's Abbey. February 24, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Scott Brown at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
|Massachusetts House of Representatives|
Jo Ann Sprague
|Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
from the 9th Norfolk district
|Member of the Massachusetts Senate
from the Norfolk, Bristol and Middlesex Norfolk district
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts
Served alongside: John Kerry