Sent

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Not to be confused with Scent.
This article is about the municipality named Sent. For a definition of the word "sent", see the Wiktionary entry sent.
Sent
Schweiz graubuenden sent.jpg
Coat of arms of Sent
Coat of arms
Sent is located in Switzerland
Sent
Sent
Coordinates: 46°49′N 10°20′E / 46.817°N 10.333°E / 46.817; 10.333Coordinates: 46°49′N 10°20′E / 46.817°N 10.333°E / 46.817; 10.333
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
Area[1]
 • Total 111.59 km2 (43.09 sq mi)
Elevation 1,440 m (4,720 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 899
 • Density 8.1/km2 (21/sq mi)
Postal code 7554
SFOS number 3763
Surrounded by Graun im Vinschgau (IT-BZ), Ftan, Ischgl (AT-7), Mals (IT-BZ), Ramosch, Scuol
Website www.sent-online.ch
SFSO statistics

Sent is a municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Sent is first mentioned in 930 when King Henry the Fowler sent the Ramosch priest Hartpert to the church in vicus Sindes. It is unclear whether he meant the Church of St. Peter or St. Lorenz. Until the end of the 19th Century it had the highest population of any village in the Engadin.[3]

Geography[edit]

Village of Sent
Town square in Sent

Sent has an area, as of 2006, of 111.7 km2 (43.1 sq mi). Of this area, 31.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 24.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.7% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (43.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Suot Tasna sub-district of the Inn district on a terrace on the left bank of the Inn river. It consists of the village of Sent and the hamlets of Crusch and Sur En. Until the 19th Century it was also known by its German name of Sins.

Demographics[edit]

Sent has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 899.[2] As of 2008, 10.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -3.8%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Sent is; 99 children or 11.4% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 64 teenagers or 7.4% are 10 to 14, and 57 teenagers or 6.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 87 people or 10.1% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 134 people or 15.5% are 30 to 39, 143 people or 16.5% are 40 to 49, and 105 people or 12.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 76 people or 8.8% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 64 people or 7.4% are 70 to 79, there are 28 people or 3.2% who are 80 to 89, there are 7 people or 0.8% who are 90 to 99, and 1 person or 0.1% who is 100 or more.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 45.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (32.8%), the FDP (11.2%) and the CVP (5.8%).[4]

In Sent about 64.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Sent has an unemployment rate of 1.74%. As of 2005, there were 80 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 38 businesses involved in this sector. 68 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 19 businesses in this sector. 171 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 45 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1835 1,122
1850 941
1900 966
1930 782
1950 810
1970 704
1980 696
1990 770
2000 865
2010 908

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (68.3%), with German being second most common (26.8%) and Italian being third ( 1.7%).[4]

The local dialect of Romansh is known as Vallader and is today, the majority language in Sent. Through most of the 19th Century the majority of the population spoke Vallader. In 1880 88% spoke this Romansh dialect. In 1910 it was 89%, in 1941 about 91% and in 1970 86% spoke Romansh as their first language. There was a small German minority, but following 1970 it began to grow.

Languages in Sent
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 89 12.79% 154 20.00% 232 26.82%
Romanish 561 80.60% 567 73.64% 591 68.32%
Italian 32 4.60% 23 2.99% 15 1.73%
Population 696 100% 770 100% 865 100%

Notable residents[edit]

Not Vital ( international and famous artist with galleries in NY, Milano, China ) is born in Sent and his home.

Sent is home of the German author Angelika Overath (1957-).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Sent in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 12-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.