Sentinel, Oklahoma

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Sentinel, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Sentinel, Oklahoma
Location of Sentinel, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°9′24″N 99°10′26″W / 35.15667°N 99.17389°W / 35.15667; -99.17389Coordinates: 35°9′24″N 99°10′26″W / 35.15667°N 99.17389°W / 35.15667; -99.17389
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Washita
Area
 • Total 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Land 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,640 ft (500 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 901
 • Density 1,500/sq mi (560/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73664
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-66400[1]
GNIS feature ID 1097916[2]

Sentinel is a town in Washita County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 901 at the 2010 census, an increase of 4.9 percent from 859 in 2000.[3]

History[edit]

Located in southwestern Washita County, Sentinel lies at the intersection of State Highways 44 and 55. The town is primarily an agriculture-based community. The 1892 Cheyenne and Arapaho Opening brought non-Indians into the region. In 1898 R. B. Gore, a pioneer of Old Greer County, established a small general merchandise store in the area and applied for a post office. On March 6, 1899, the Post Office Department approved the application and designated the locale as Sentinel, Oklahoma Territory. The name originated from Cloud Chief's Herald-Sentinel newspaper. This store was approximately one mile east of the present town.[4]

In 1901 the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway, later bought by the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway, began purchasing rights-of-way and designating new townsites for a proposed railroad. The newly formed Orient Townsite Company chose the site of present Sentinel and received a donation of eighty acres from L. N. Whitmer. They named the new town Barton and filed a plat on September 23, 1901. The new residents asked Gore to relocate his store and post office to the new location. This caused confusion, as the town and post office had different names. In 1904 Will Hornbeck established the Sentinel News-Boy. Determined to correct the name problem, he started a petition to incorporate the town as Sentinel. In 1906 the voters approved this measure in an election. In August 1907 the town officially became Sentinel. At 1907 statehood it had 351 residents.[4]

By 1908 the Orient had built their tracks through the village. In 1910 the population stood at 857, climbing to 1,269 by 1930. In 1911 residents supported two banks, a newspaper, electricity and telephone service, four grocers, two hotels, four general stores, among many other businesses and professionals. In 1935 a Civilian Conservation Corps camp was located just west of Sentinel. The population held above one thousand until 1970 when it registered 984. In 1967 the Rocky school consolidated into Sentinel School District. In 1961 the chamber of commerce began hosting an annual, large July Fourth celebration. In 2000 the population stood at 859.[4]

Geography[edit]

Sentinel is located at 35°9′24″N 99°10′26″W / 35.15667°N 99.17389°W / 35.15667; -99.17389 (35.156659, -99.173829)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all land.

Sentinel is located in western Oklahoma's Washita County at the intersection of Highway 44 and Highway 55.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 857
1930 1,269
1970 984
1980 1,016 3.3%
1990 982 −3.3%
2000 859 −12.5%
2010 901 4.9%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 859 people, 346 households, and 256 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,399.0 people per square mile (543.7/km²). There were 411 housing units at an average density of 669.4 per square mile (260.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 88.01% White, 0.12% African American, 3.03% Native American, 5.47% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.29% of the population.

There were 346 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,265, and the median income for a family was $34,531. Males had a median income of $23,846 versus $19,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,122. About 15.4% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

The Sentinel School District has a large geographic area consisting of over 200 square miles (520 km2). The present school plant was constructed in the 1960s. Sentinel is a class 'A' school. Students from the communities of Sentinel, Port, Rocky, and Carter attend Sentinel Public Schools.

Sentinel public School is a member of the Western Technology Center District. WTC provides the opportunity for adults and high school students to get occupationally-specific training. As a member of the WTC district, high school juniors and seniors living in the Sentinel School District have the opportunity to attend classes at the WTC campus in Burns Flat. High school students who are residents of the WTC District can enroll in WTC full-time training on a tuition-free basis. Adult students are allowed to attend classes on a tuition basis. Tuition for adult students is $2.00 per training hour. Adult students can apply for financial assistance to attend WTC.

References[edit]