Sextus Attius Suburanus Aemilianus, commonly abbreviated as Suburanus (date of birth or death unknown), was a prefect of the Roman imperial bodyguard, known as the Praetorian Guard, during the reign of emperorTrajan, from 98 until 101. He acceeded to the office upon the execution of his predecessor Casperius Aelianus, who had been responsible for an insurrection against the previous emperor Nerva. Surburanus was a hard worker, apparently sometimes staying all night to finish work. Trajan was also truthful to Surburanus, by telling him, upon Suburanus ascending, and handing him his Praetorian sword, 'If I rule well, use this sword for me. If I rule badly, use it against me.' After his tenure as Praetorian prefect, Suburanus was inducted into the Roman Senate, held the suffect consulship in 101, and then later the consulship in 104 together with Marcus Asinius Marcellus.