Shamokin, Pennsylvania

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Shamokin, Pennsylvania
City
Shamokin, Pennsylvania
Shamokin, Pennsylvania
Official logo of Shamokin, Pennsylvania
Keystone Marker
Shamokin, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Shamokin, Pennsylvania
Shamokin, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°47′21″N 76°33′17″W / 40.78917°N 76.55472°W / 40.78917; -76.55472Coordinates: 40°47′21″N 76°33′17″W / 40.78917°N 76.55472°W / 40.78917; -76.55472
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Northumberland
Settled 1835
Incorporated (borough) 1864
Incorporated (city) 1949
Government
 • Type City
 • Mayor George S. Rozinskie, Jr.
 • Councilman R. Craig Rhoades, Director of Parks and Recreation
 • Councilman William D. Milbrand, Director of Public Safety
 • Councilman Michael A. Snyder, Director of Public Works
 • Councilman William R. Strausser, Director of Accounts and Finance
Area
 • Total 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation 800 ft (200 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,374
 • Density 9,217.5/sq mi (3,511.43/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 17872
Area code(s) 570 Exchanges: 644, 648
Website http://www.shamokincity.org/

Shamokin (/ʃəˈmkɨn/; Saponi Algonquian “Schahamokink” "place of eels") (Lenape: Shahëmokink [1]) is a city in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, at the western edge of the Anthracite Coal Region. (The original Saponi village of Shamokin was located near the current site of Sunbury, the seat of Northumberland County.) At the 2010 census the population was 7,374 residents. The city of Shamokin is bordered by its sister community, Coal Township, Pennsylvania, and by the world's largest man-made mountain, the Glen Burn Colliery Cameron Culm Bank. The colliery was in operation until the 1970s and was left abandoned.

History[edit]

Shamokin was incorporated as a borough on November 9, 1864, and as a city on February 21, 1949. In addition to anthracite coal-mining, it also had silk and knitting mills (the Eagle Silk Mill became the largest textile building under one roof in America), stocking and shirt factories, wagon shops, ironworks, and brickyards.

Most notably, Thomas Edison, briefly a resident of Sunbury, established the Edison Illuminating Company of Shamokin in the fall of 1882. Operation of the Shamokin station (located at the current Independence Street site of Jones Hardware Company[2]) on September 22, 1883, at which time St. Edward's Catholic Church became the first church in the world to have electric lighting.[3]

In the 1877 Shamokin Uprising, starvation wages and miserable working conditions prompted railroad workers and miners to join the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Vigilantes gathered by Mayor William Douty shot into a group of strikers, wounding twelve and killing two. Five strikers were jailed for up to eight months for their part in the uprising.

The National Ticket Company, located in Shamokin from 1907 until 1992, was at one time the largest ticket company in the United States. Their first production facility was built in 1911 at the corner of Pearl and Webster Streets; a 1942 fire gutted the plant, although the brick shell still stands. The replacement building at Pearl Street and Ticket Avenue was completed in 1950 and served as company headquarters for forty-two years.[4]

"Murder at Hickory Ridge" was a fictionalized account of an unsolved murder in the Shamokin area, written by William A. Conway and printed by his two brothers, Alphonsus E. and John J., in the garage that served as the Conway Print Shop.

With the profits from the sale of the novel, the Conway brothers started the Black Diamond Publishing Company in 1905 to disseminate news of the anthracite coal region through the printing of Black Diamond Magazine.

Edgewood park also known as Indian Park existed in Shamokin from 1905 through the late 1950s. It consisted of 97 acres (390,000 m2) including a large pond. The land where the park existed is now where the Shamokin area school district built the Elementary and High school.

The Victoria Theatre was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. It was delisted in 2004, after demolition.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

Shamokin has two small creeks that divide the town. Carbon Run merges with Shamokin Creek in the north of the town and ultimately empties into the Susquehanna River just south of Shamokin Dam near Sunbury, PA.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,191
1860 2,159 −1.5%
1870 4,320 100.1%
1880 8,184 89.4%
1890 14,403 76.0%
1900 18,202 26.4%
1910 19,588 7.6%
1920 21,204 8.2%
1930 20,274 −4.4%
1940 18,810 −7.2%
1950 16,879 −10.3%
1960 13,674 −19.0%
1970 11,719 −14.3%
1980 10,357 −11.6%
1990 9,184 −11.3%
2000 8,009 −12.8%
2010 7,374 −7.9%
Est. 2012 7,316 −0.8%
Sources:[6][7][8][9]

As of the census of 2000,[8] there were 8,009 people, 3,742 households, and 2,028 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,601.9 people per square mile (3,725.7/km²). There were 4,674 housing units at an average density of 5,603.6 per square mile (2,174.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.8% White, 0.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 3,742 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.8% were non-families. 41.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population had 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,173, and the median income for a family was $30,038. Males had a median income of $28,261 versus $19,120 for females. The per capita income was $12,354. About 19.3% of families and 24.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.2% of those under age 18 and 21.3% of those age 65 or over.

Children residing in Shamokin may attend the Shamokin Area School District schools. All children in Pennsylvania have the option to attend one of the 13 cyber charter schools in the Commonwealth. They may also opt to attend a private school with tuition at the parent's expense. The district is required by state law to transport children to any school within ten miles of its borders. Local private schools include the Darul Uloom Al-Qasim School.

Mayoral Election history[edit]

  • 2009 - George Rozinskie (D) over Betsy Richardson (D)
  • 2005 - Ronald Bradley (R) over Edward O'Donnell (D)
  • 2001 - James Yurick Jr. (D) over Betsy Richardson (R)
  • 1997 - James Yurick Jr. (D) over Ronald Bradley (R)
  • 1993 - Daniel Strausser (R) over James Yurick Jr. (D)
  • 1989 - Harvey M. Boyer (D) over Daniel Strausser (R) [10]
  • 1985 - Harvey M. Boyer (D) over Malcom C. Farrow IV (R)
  • 1981 - William L. Rickert over Harvey M. Boyer (D)

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lenape Talking Dictionary". Retrieved 2012-05-27. 
  2. ^ "History of Jones Hardware and Home Center". Joneshardware.com. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  3. ^ Hall, Garth. "Thomas Edison, known world-wide as one of the most prolific inventors in history, held 1,097 U". The News-Item (Shamokin, PA: Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com). Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  4. ^ "National Ticket- History". [dead link]
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  6. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Mayoral history in Shamokin". The News Item (Shamokin, PA). November 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ Reynolds, Patrick M. (1980). Startling Stories About Pennsylvania. Red Rose Studio. ISBN 0-932514-04-9. 

External links[edit]