Shamsher Singh Sheri

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Shamsher Singh Sheri (1942 — 30 October 2005), commonly known by his nom de guerre, Karam Singh (Hindi pronunciation: [krm sɪŋɦ]), was a communist leader in India.[1]

Early life and family[edit]

Sheri was born in the village of Khokhar Kalan, in the Sangrur district, Punjab. Soon after his birth his father died. He belonged to a middle class peasant family. He had six brothers and three sisters. He was married to Harbans Kaur in 1951. Harbans was only nine years old at the time.[2]

Guerrilla life[edit]

Sheri joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) and went underground 1969-1970. He took active part in the armed struggle of the party. His wife and sister-in-law were imprisoned for three months and tortured. His brothers and friends were also tortured by the police.[2]

In 1974 he joined the Punjab Communist Revolutionary Committee of Harbhajan Sohi, which merged into the UCCRI(ML) in 1976. In 1979 the Punjab State Committee formed a parallel UCCRI(ML).

During the beginning of the 1980s, Sheri became the leader of the minority within the organisation. In 1982 he and his followers broke away from UCCRI(ML). In November 1983 they constituted the Revolutionary Communist Centre of India (Marxist-Leninist). Sheri became the Secretary of RCCI(ML).[2]

After its 1992 conference, RCCI(ML) was divided in two in 1995. Sheri became the Secretary of one of the factions, Revolutionary Communist Centre of India (Maoist). He was reelected as Secretary at the RCCI(M) conferences in 1996 and 2002. Sheri took active part in the setting up of CCOMPOSA.[2]

In January 2003 RCCI(M) merged with the Maoist Communist Centre, which became the Maoist Communist Centre of India. Sheri became a Central Committee member of MCCI. After the merger of MCCI into the Communist Party of India (Maoist) in 2004, Sheri became a member of the Central Committee (Provisional) of the new party.[2] Sheri also became a Politburo member of the CPI (Maoist).[1]

Death[edit]

Singh was suffering from cerebral malaria and jaundice, and died on 30 October 2005.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2005-12-15 - document - CPN-M". Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. 15 December 2005. Retrieved 29 August 2013. Comrade Shamsher Singh Sheri, alias comrade Sher Shing Sheri, alias com. K.S., a Central Committee and Polit Bureau member of Communist Party of India (Maoist), has passed away from us by dangerous diseases Cerebral Malaria-Jaundice. He attained martyrdom on Oct.30, 2005. It is not only a great loss of CPI (Maoist) but also a great loss of the whole proletarian’s revolution. The untimely demise of comrade Karam Singh has caused a serious loss to the ongoing revolutionary struggles in India and the world as well. 
  2. ^ a b c d e People's March. Comrade Shamsher Singh Sheri, Alias Comrade Karam Singh (Com. K. S.), has departed from us for ever! Let us pledge to follow his ideals and foot-steps!