Shepway shown within Kent
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||Shepway District Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• MPs||Damian Collins|
|• Total||137.7 sq mi (356.7 km2)|
|Area rank||118th (of 326)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||213th (of 326)|
|• Density||790/sq mi (300/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||97.3% White
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||29UL (ONS)
|OS grid reference||TR2233835912|
Shepway is a local government district in Kent, England. It includes the towns of Folkestone and Hythe and the Romney Marsh. It covers roughly the same area as the Lathe of Shepway, which contained the hundreds and liberties of Aloesbridge, Bircholt, Folkestone, Ham, Heane, Longport, Loningborough, Lydd, Newchurch, New Romney, Stouting, Street and Worth. Pop. in 1861, 51,826. The Lathe originated in Jutish Kent, but had become obsolete by the end of the 19th Century, before reappearing in its present guise in 1974.
The Royal Court of Shepway, which met near Lympne at a place called Shepway Cross, was the principal court of the Cinque Ports Federation. Shepway District Council uses the Folkestone White Horse as a logo.
The district was formed on 1 April 1974 and its council offices are in Folkestone.
In 2011, Lydd Airport's owners – who are seeking to expand the airport – gave "gifts to councillors", which councillors did not declare.
- Dymchurch and St Mary's Bay
- Elham and Stelling Minnis
- Folkestone: nine wards (Cheriton; East; Foord; Harbour; Harvey (two wards, Central and West); Morehall; Park; and Sandgate)
- Hythe: three wards (Central, East and West)
- Lympne and Stanford
- New Romney: two wards (Town and Coast)
- North Downs: two wards (East and West)
- Romney Marsh
Following the May 2011 elections, the composition of Shepway District Council is 44 Conservatives and two from the People First party.
- Acrise (M)
- Monks Horton (M)
- Old Romney (M)
- Paddlesworth (M)
- St Mary in the Marsh
- Snargate (M)
- Stelling Minnis
- Stowting (M)
- (M) Parishes marked thus are served by a parish meeting, not a parish council
Shepway occupies the most southerly part of Kent. It is bounded on the north by Ashford and Canterbury Districts; on the east by Dover District and on the south by the Strait of Dover. The Romney and Walland Marshes cover a good deal of its area to the west; where the North Downs begin to reach the sea there is much more in the way of settlement. The four towns in the District are all located along the coast.
Climate in this area has mild dfferences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).
|Climate data for Shepway, UK|
|Average high °C (°F)||8
|Average low °C (°F)||3
|Precipitation mm (inches)||38
|Source: Weatherbase |
History of Shepway
Shepway was an ancient division of Kent and originated, probably in the 6th Century, during the Jutish colonisation. It was originally named Lympne, but by the thirteenth century its name was changed to Shepway. It was one of the seven original Lathes of Kent and remained after that number was reduced to five. Like the other Lathes it contained several hundreds.
The Lathe was an important administrative, judicial and taxation unit for 600 years after the Domesday Book. The Sheriff toured the county twice yearly attending on the lathes, however the Lathe court became anomalous as it fell between the hundredal courts below and the Justices of the County (in petty and quarter sessions) above. When the Lathe and division of the Lathe were used as the basis for meetings of local justices of the peace in monthly or petty sessions, Shepway became the unit for this purpose, however a group of hundreds in the middle of the Lathe of Scray, centred on Ashford, were for convenience attached to the Lathe of Shepway for petty sessional purposes. These were the four Hundreds of Felborough, Wye, Calehill, and Chart and Longbridge, with the township of Ashford.
Although not formally abolished, Shepway fell out of usage at the end of the 19th Century, only to reappear on 1 April 1974 as a merger of the boroughs of Folkestone, Hythe, Lydd and New Romney, along with Elham and Romney Marsh Rural Districts. Some parishes along the northern boundary of Shepway were left out when it was revived as a local government unit in 1974, principally those that were in the Hundreds of Ham and Bircholt (Barony). Also omitted were some parishes in Folkestone Hundred, just east of the town. Nevertheless, Shepway is the only one of the five lathes of Kent that recognisably continues as a principal local government unit of the county to the present day.
In economic terms, Shepway is the third most deprived area in Kent, after Thanet and Swale. Like them, it has a high rate of unemployment; poor educational attainment figures; and with the majority of businesses being small operations.
The A259 south coast road starts at Folkestone via Hythe, Kent and Romney Marsh in the district to Rye, East Sussex, Hastings, Bexhill-on-Sea, Eastbourne, Brighton, Worthing, Littlehampton, Bognor Regis and Chichester to Emsworth near Portsmouth.
Stagecoach in East Kent operate all local buses in the district to Dover, Canterbury, Hastings, Maidstone and Ashford. Stagecoach also run coach route 021 to London from the district on behalf of National Express. for more bus information see List of bus routes in Shepway.
The South Eastern Main Line and High Speed 1 both cross the district. Domestic trains are provided by Southeastern and serve the stations of Westenhanger, Sandling, Folkestone West and Folkestone Central in the district. Trains go to London Charing Cross via Ashford International and Tonbridge to the west and Ramsgate via Dover Priory to the east.
The western end of the Channel Tunnel is at Cheriton, just west of Folkestone and trains that carry cars are provided by Eurotunnel. The tunnel is acsessed by the M20 and the A20. Eurostar also use the tunnel but its nearest station to the district is next door in Ashford at Ashford International.
There is no longer cross channel ferry services in the district but there is lots out of the Port of Dover, down the road in Dover.
Notable people from Shepway District
- District Council website
- John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales,pub 1870-72 (quoted by http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk)
- The Cinque Ports: Royal Court of Shepway
- "Lifting the Lydd". Private Eye (1300). November 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- Elections 2007 to Shepway wards
- Tolsford is an area of small villages below the North Downs and west of Folkestone. It is named after Tolsford Hill
- Details of town and parish councils
- Climate Summary for Shepway, UK
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on July 9, 2013.
- Dartford Country - The Story Of The Hundred Of Axstane by by Geoff Porteus, 1985,ISBN 9780860232032 (page 13)
- Vision of Britain: Lathe
- Dartford Country - The Story Of The Hundred Of Axstane by by G. Porteus (page 32)
- Edward Hasted's The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 7 (1798), pp. 262-263)
- The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 4DU, http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk (see section of Petty Sessions)
- Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c.70)
- See list of parishes by lathe and hundred in the census tables in Victoria County History, Kent Volume 3 (publ.1932, ed William Page, ISBN 9780712906081), along with the list of parishes on the official web sites of the local authorities Kent (www.kent.gov.uk)and Shepway (www.shepway.gov.uk)
- ‘’Choose Shepway’’: Economic Regeneration Strategy, 2007-2017
- Community website for Shepway
- Tourist information and community website for Shepway