Sheremetev

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The coat of arms of Count Sheremetev
Sheremetiev v3 p10.png
Information
Shield Or in chief on a torteaux surrounded by a wreath of laurel a royal crown and two crosses pattée argent in pale and in base between a boyar's hat fesswise and a crescent charged with a representation of a man's face argent a sword and spear crossed in saltire proper, the whole ensigned by the coronet of a Count of the Russian Empire.
Crest and mantle Issuant from the coronet of rank an oak tree proper between two mullets of six points argent, the mantling Or doubled gules.
Supporters Two lions salient guardant Or the dexter one holding in his interior paw a sceptre and in his mouth a laurel branch proper the sinister one holding in his interior paw a globus cruciger and in his mouth an olive branch proper upon a grassy compartment proper
Motto Deus conservat omnia, Latin for "God preserves all".

The Sheremetev family (Russian: Шереме́тевы) was one of the wealthiest and most influential noble families of Russia.[1]

The family held many high commanding ranks in the Russian military, governorships and eventually the rank of Count of the Russian Empire. Notable members of the family include:

The village of Sheremetevo, which in turn gave name to the Sheremetyevo International Airport, is named after the family.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Russian surnames are gender sensitive, the masculine form of the name being Sheremetev (Шереметев) and the feminine being rendered as Sheremeteva (Шереметева). Two theories as to the origin of the surname obtain, both of which indicate a Tatar and eastern origin for the family. One theory proposes that the name originated with the Turkic Chuvash language word sheremet (шеремет), meaning "poor man," while the other theory suggests that the name originates with the Tatar/Turkic-Persian shir Akhmat, which literally translates to "Tiger Ahmet" and can be read as both "brave Ahmet" and "Pious Ahmet."

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orlando Figes, Natasha's Dance, a cultural history of Russia, pgs 20-27.
  2. ^ Парк Останкино