Shoe insert

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A removable shoe insert accomplishes many number of purposes, including daily wear comfort, foot and joint pain relief from arthritis, overuse, injuries, and other causes such as orthopedic correction, smell reduction and athletic performance.

Fitting patients[edit]

Traditionally they were created from plaster casts made from the patient's foot. These casts were made by wrapping dipped plaster or fiberglass strips around the foot to capture the form, then letting it dry and harden. Once the cast was hardened, the doctor would carefully remove it from the patient's foot and ship it, along with a prescription, to an orthotics lab which would use the negative of the cast to create an orthopedic insert.

Recently, companies such as Tom-Cat Solutions and Delcam have developed digital foot scanners that use specialized software to scan a patient's foot and create a "virtual" cast. These scans are made by having the patient place their foot onto a specialized flat image scanner that uses light and software to capture and create a 3D model. This 3D model is then electronically submitted (along with a prescription) to an orthotics lab, where it is used to program a CNC machine that will ultimately produce the orthopedic insert.

Diabetic shoes[edit]

Main article: Diabetic shoes

Diabetic shoes, sometimes referred to as extra depth, therapeutic shoes or Sugar Shoes, are specially designed shoes, intended to reduce the risk of skin breakdown in diabetics with co-existing foot disease.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Landorf, K.B.; Keenan, A.M. (2000). "Efficacy of foot orthoses. What does the literature tell us?". Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 90 (3): 149–58. doi:10.7547/87507315-90-3-149. PMID 10740997. 
  • Razeghi, Mohsen; Batt, Mark Edward (2000). "Biomechanical analysis of the effect of orthotic shoe inserts". Sports Medicine 29 (6): 425–38. doi:10.2165/00007256-200029060-00005. PMID 10870868. 
  • Landorf, K.B.; Keenan, A.M. (2000). "Efficacy of foot orthoses. What does the literature tell us?". Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 90 (3): 149–58. doi:10.7547/87507315-90-3-149. PMID 10740997. 
  • Razeghi, Mohsen; Batt, Mark Edward (2000). "Biomechanical analysis of the effect of orthotic shoe inserts". Sports Medicine 29 (6): 425–38. doi:10.2165/00007256-200029060-00005. PMID 10870868. 
  • Christovão, TC; Neto, HP; Grecco, LA; Ferreira, LA; Franco de Moura, RC; Eliege de Souza, M; Franco de Oliveira, LV; Oliveira, CS (Oct 2013). "Effect of different shoe inserts on postural balance: a systematic review.". Journal of physical therapy science 25 (10): 1353–6. PMID 24259792. 
  • Penny, P; Geere, J; Smith, TO (Oct 2013). "A systematic review investigating the efficacy of laterally wedged shoe inserts for medial knee osteoarthritis.". Rheumatology international 33 (10): 2529–38. doi:10.1007/s00296-013-2760-x. PMID 23612781.