Shorncliffe Army Camp

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For Sir John Moore Barracks, Winchester, see Sir John Moore Barracks.
Shorncliffe Army Camp
Cheriton
The First Battalion, Royal Gurkha Rifles, Shorncliffe.jpg
Shorncliffe Army Camp
Shorncliffe Army Camp is located in Kent
Shorncliffe Army Camp
Shorncliffe Army Camp
Location within Kent
Coordinates 51°04′33″N 01°07′53″E / 51.07583°N 1.13139°E / 51.07583; 1.13139Coordinates: 51°04′33″N 01°07′53″E / 51.07583°N 1.13139°E / 51.07583; 1.13139
Type Barracks
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence
Operator  British Army
Site history
Built 1794
In use 1794-Present

Shorncliffe Army Camp is a large military camp near Cheriton in Kent.

Map dated 1801 showing Shorncliffe Redoubt on the left and the camp ground on the right

History[edit]

The camp was established in 1794 when the British Army bought over 229 acres of land at Shorncliffe; it was then extended in 1796 and 1806.[1] It was at Shorncliffe that in 1803 Sir John Moore trained the Light Division which fought under the Duke of Wellington in the Napoleonic Wars.[2]

Shorncliffe was used as a staging post for troops destined for the Western Front during World War I and in April 1915 a Canadian Training Division was formed there.[3] The Canadian Army Medical Corps had general hospitals based at Shorncliffe from September 1917 to December 1918.[4] The camp at that time composed five unit lines known as Ross Barracks, Somerset Barracks, Napier Barracks, Moore Barracks and Risborough Barracks.[3] On three occasions there were German air raids which killed soldiers on the camp.[5]

During World War II Shorncliffe was again used as a staging post and Queen Mary visited the camp in 1939.[6]

After the War the camp was known for a while as the Sir John Moore Barracks but the name was changed when The Light Infantry moved out in October 1986.[7] Shorncliffe Camp remains the home of 2 (South East) Brigade.[8]

Shorncliffe Military Cemetery[edit]

The Shorncliffe Military Cemetery serving the camp is also property of the Ministry of Defence. Three Victoria Cross recipients are buried here:[9]

It contains more than 600 Commonwealth war graves from the World Wars; 471 from World War I, including more than 300 Canadians, and 81 from World War II, including one unidentified British soldier and a Polish war grave. A screen wall memorial lists 18 Belgian soldiers who were originally buried in a now-demolished mausoleum.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Folkestone History". Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Proposed Memorial at Shorncliffe Camp to Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore". Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Formation Of The 2nd And 3rd Divisions". Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Royal Military Hospital, Shorncliffe Camp". Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Cemetery Record, Shorncliffe Military Cemetery". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Queen Mary Visits Shorncliffe Camp". Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "The history of the Light Infantry". Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Forces Shorncliffe Information Portal". Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Burial Locations of VC Holders in Kent". Retrieved 27 October 2014.