July 18, 1906|
|Died||October 31, 1997
Exeter, New Hampshire
|Notable awards||IEEE Medal of Honor|
Sidney Darlington (July 18, 1906 – October 31, 1997) was an electrical engineer and inventor of a transistor configuration in 1953, the Darlington pair. He advanced the state of network theory, developing the insertion-loss synthesis approach, and invented chirp radar, bombsights, and gun and rocket guidance.
In 1945, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor, for his contributions during World War II. He was an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering, which cited his contributions to electrical network theory, radar, and guidance systems. In 1975, he received IEEE's Edison Medal "For basic contributions to network theory and for important inventions in radar systems and electronic circuits" and the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1981 "For fundamental contributions to filtering and signal processing leading to chirp radar".
He died at his home in Exeter, New Hampshire, USA, at the age of 91.
- U.S. Patent 1,991,195 — Wave Transmission Network
- U.S. Patent 2,663,806 — Semiconductor signal translating devices. (ed., "Darlington Transistor")
- U.S. Patent 2,438,112 — Bombsight Computer
- U.S. Patent 2,658,675 — Fire Control Computer
- U.S. Patent 2,678,997 — Pulse Transmission (chirp)
- U.S. Patent 3,008,668 — Rocket Guidance
- U.S. Patent 3,265,973 — Two-Port Network Synthesis
- U.S. Patent 3,618,095 — Chirp Pulse Equalizer
- IEEE Biography
- Darlington’s Contributions to Transistor Circuit Design
- National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir