Société de géographie

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Société de Géographie

The Société de Géographie (French, "Geographical Society"), is the world's oldest geographical society. It was founded in 1821, as the first Geographic Society.[1] Since 1878, it's headquarters have been at 184 Boulevard Saint-Germain, Paris. The entrance is marked by two gigantic caryatids representing Land and Sea. It was here, in 1879, that the construction of the Panama Canal was decided.

History[edit]

The Geographical Society was founded at a meeting, 15 December 1821, in the Paris Hôtel de Ville and among its 217 founders were some of the greatest scientific names of the time: Pierre-Simon Laplace, the Society's first president; Georges Cuvier, Charles Pierre Chapsal, Vivant Denon, Joseph Fourier, Gay-Lussac, Claude Louis Berthollet, Alexander von Humboldt, Champollion, François-René de Chateaubriand among them. Most of those men who had accompanied Bonaparte in his Egyptian expedition were members: Edme-François Jomard, Conrad Malte-Brun, Jules Dumont d'Urville, Jules Paul Benjamin Delessert, Hottinguer, Henri Didot, Bottin and others such as Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès.

The Society was the location of the Arab Congress of 1913, which took place from June 18 to June 23 of that year and marked the confluence of events surrounding the decline of the Ottoman Empire, the beginnings of Arab nationalism, and early Arab reaction to Zionist immigration to Palestine.

Publications[edit]

The Society's revue has appeared monthly since 1822, as Bulletin de la Société de Géographie (1822–1899)—offering in octavo format early news of all the discoveries of the nineteenth century—or quarterly, as La Géographie, with a break in 1940–46. Since 1947 the Society's magazine has appeared three times a year, as Acta Geographica. The Society's library, map collection and photograph collection are among the world's most comprehensive and deepest.

List of Presidents[edit]

1822 Marquis Pierre-Simon de Laplace (1749–1827)
1823 Marquis Emmanuel de Pastoret (1755–1840)
1824 Vicount François-René de Chateaubriand (1768–1848)
1825 Gilbert Joseph Gaspard de Chabrol de Volvic (1773–1843)
1826 Louis Becquey (1760–1849)
1827 Count Christophe Chabrol de Crouzol (1771–1836)
1828 Baron Georges Cuvier (1769–1832)
1829 Jean-Guillaume Hyde de Neuville (1776–1857)
1830 Duke Ambroise-Polycarpe de La Rochefoucauld (1765–1817)
1831 Antoine Maurice Apollinaire d'Argout (1782–1858)
1832 Admiral Count Henri de Rigny (1782–1835)
1833 Duke Élie Decazes (1788–1860)
1834 Count Camille de Montalivet (1801–1880)
1835 Baron Prosper de Barante (1782–1866)
1836 Lieutenant-General Baron Jean-Jacques Germain Pelet-Clozeau (1777–1858)
1837 François Guizot (1787–1874)
1838 Count Narcisse-Achille de Salvandy (1795–1856)
1839 Baron Jean Tupinier (1779–1850)
1840 Count Hippolyte Jaubert (1798–1874)
1841 Abel-François Villemain (1790–1867)
1842 Laurent Cunin-Gridaine (1778–1859)
1843 Admiral Baron Albin Roussin (1781–1854)
1844 Vice-admiral Baron Ange-René-Armand de Mackau (1788–1855)
1845 Baron Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859)
1846 Baron Charles Athanase Walckenaer (1771–1852)
1847 Count Louis-Mathieu Molé (1781–1855)
1848 Edmé François Jomard (1777–1862)
1849 Jean-Baptiste Dumas (1800–1884)
1851 Rear-Admiral Pierre-L.-A. Mathieu
1853 Vice-Admiral (1853) C. Laplace (1793–1875)
1854 Hippolyte Fortoul (1811–1856)
1855 Noël Jacques Lefebvre-Duruflé (1792–1877)
1856 Joseph-Daniel Guigniaut (1794–1876)
1857 Pierre Daussy (1792–1860)
1858 General Eugène Daumas (1803–1871)
1859 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont (1798–1874)
1860 Gustave Rouland (1806–1878)
1861 Admiral Joseph Romain-Desfossés (1798–1864)
1862 Count Victor de Persigny (1808–1872)
1863 Count Alexandre Florian Joseph Colonna Walewski (1810–1868)
1864 Marquis Prosper de Chasseloup-Laubat (1805–1873)
1873 Vice-Admiral Camille Adlbert Marie de La Roncière-Le Noury (1816–1881)
1881 Ferdinand de Lesseps (1805–1894)
1890 Jean Louis Armand de Quatrefages de Bréau (1810–1892)
1892 Antoine d'Abbadie d'Arrast (1810–1897)
1893 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée (1814–1896)
1894 Auguste Himly (1823–1906)
1895 Jules Janssen (1824–1907)
1896 Jean Jacques Anatole Bouquet de La Grye (1827–1909)
1897 Alphonse Milne-Edwards (1835–1900)
1901 Alfred Grandidier (1836–1921)
1906 Charles Marie Le Myre de Vilers (1833–1918)
1909 Ernest-Théodore Hamy (1842–1908)
1910 Prince Roland Bonaparte (1858–1924)
1925 Henri Cordier (1849–1925)
1926 Ernest Roume (1858–1941)
1928 Édouard-Alfred Martel (1859–1938)
1931 Marshal Louis Félix Marie François Franchet d’Esperey (1856–1942)
1939 General Georges Perrier (1872–1946)
1947 Emmanuel de Martonne (1873–1955)
1953 Robert Perret
1960 Engineer-General Louis Hurault
1965 Jean Despois
1975 Aimé Perpillou
1976 Roger Blais
1983 Jacqueline Beaujeu-Garnier
1995 Jean Bastié
2009 Jean-Robert Pitte

Awards[edit]

Grande Médaille d'Or des Explorations[edit]

The Grande Médaille d'Or des Explorations et Voyages de Découverte (Great Gold Medal of Exploration and Journeys of Discovery) has been awarded since 1829 for journeys whose outcomes have enhanced geographical knowledge. Notable recipients have been John Franklin (1929), John Ross (1834), David Livingstone (1857), Ernest Shackleton (1910) and Roald Amundsen, 1913.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other geographic societies were soon founded: Berlin (1828), London (1830), Frankfort (1836), St. Petersburg (1845), New York (1852), Vienna (1856), Geneva (1858), Mexico City (1859).
  2. ^ "Grande Médaille D'or Des Explorations et Voyages De Découverte (in French)". Société de géographie. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]