Society of Critical Care Medicine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), established in 1970, is an independently incorporated, international, educational and scientific society. Its 16,000 members are providing care to critically ill and injured patients. The Society carries out this charitable mission through supporting research, providing education, and advocating on issues related to critical care.


1927: the first hospital infant care center for premature infants was established at the Sarah Morris Hospital in Chicago. Shock wards were established during World War II to care for injured soldiers.

1947-1948: the polio epidemic results in a breakthrough in the treatment of patients dying from respiratory paralysis. In Denmark, manual ventilation was accomplished through a tube placed in the trachea of polio patients. Patients with respiratory paralysis and/or suffering from acute circulatory failure required intensive nursing care.

1950s: the development of mechanical ventilation led to the organization of respiratory intensive care units (ICUs) Grouping the patients together provided a more efficient means of caring for critically ill patients of this nature.

1958: Intensive care began in the United States when Dr. W.E. Dandy opens a three-bed unit for postoperative neurosurgical patients at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.

1968: most United States hospitals reported having had at least one Intensive Care Unit. (Intensive Care Medicine ICU)[1]

1970: The SCCM is established at meeting of 29 physicians in Los Angeles, California. Max Harry Weil, MD, FCCM becomes the first president of the Society.

1972: Peter Safar, MD, FCCM becomes second president of Society of Critical Care Medicine. Dr. Safar is credited with pioneering CPR.

1986: the American Board of Medical Specialties approves a certification of special competence in critical care for the four primary boards: anesthesiology, internal medicine, pediatrics, and surgery.

1997: more than 5,000 ICUs were operational across the United States.


The Society holds its annual international conference in January or February. There are about 6,000 doctors, nurses, pharmacists and others that care for the critically ill from all over the world in attendance. The Society also holds numerous other conferences, symposia, courses and meetings to advance the practice of critical care.

Patient Information[edit]

A number of resources for patients in the ICU and their families is available free to the general public. This include information on Post-intensive care syndrome[2] and patient and family educational materials.[3]


See also references to or joint publications with: