Son of man came to serve

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Pietro Lorenzetti fresco detail, Assisi Basilica, 1310-1329.

Son of man came to serve refers to a specific episode in the New Testament. In the Gospel of Matthew 20:20–28, and the Gospel of Mark 10:35–45 Jesus explains that he "came as Son of man to give his life as ransom".[1][2]The ransom paid by the Son of man is an element of a common doctrine of atonement in Christianity.[3]

In the Gospel of Mark 10:35–45 this episode takes place shortly after Jesus predicts his death, and then says:

"You know that those who are regarded as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first must be slave of all. For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."[4]

The identification of Jesus with the Son of man, in the context of the Book of Daniel (7:13-14) places the death of Jesus and the ransom he pays at a higher level of prominence than other prophets and martyrs, even his contemporary John the Baptist.[5][6] Later in the New Testament account, in Matthew 26:63–64, when Jesus considers himself the Son of Man spoken of in the Book of Daniel, the Jewish high priests accuse him of blasphemy.[7]

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Matthew 8-18 by W. D. Davies, Dale C. Allison 2004 ISBN 0-567-08365-9 page 51
  2. ^ The emergence of Christian theology by Eric Francis Osborn 1993 ISBN 0-521-43078-X page
  3. ^ "the Son of Man" Or Contributions to the Study of the Thoughts of Jesus by Edwin Abbott ISBN 1-154-96660-7 page 265
  4. ^ Bible gateway
  5. ^ The Gospel of Matthew by R. T. France 2007 ISBN 0-8028-2501-X page 396
  6. ^ Dying, we live: a new enquiry into the death of Christ in the New Testament by Kenneth Grayston 1990 ISBN 0-232-51836-X page 197
  7. ^ Lectures in systematic theology by Henry Clarence Thiessen, Vernon D. Doerksen 1097 ISBN 0-8028-3529-5 page 94

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