Sormovo (airfield)

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Nizhny Novgorod Sormovo
Аэродром Нижний Новгород (Сормово) Нижегородского авиационного завода "Сокол"
224th Flight Unit Antonov An-124.jpg
Antonov An-124 of 224th Flight Unit at Sormovo Airfield in Nizhny Novgorod
IATA: noneICAO: XUDS
Summary
Airport type Experimental Aviation (used by the aircraft manufacturing plant)
Operator UAC (Joint Stock Company «United Aircraft Corporation»)
Serves Nizhny Novgorod Sokol Aircraft Plant
Location Moskovsky District, Nizhny Novgorod
Elevation AMSL 249 ft / 76 m
Coordinates 56°19′6″N 043°47′42″E / 56.31833°N 43.79500°E / 56.31833; 43.79500Coordinates: 56°19′6″N 043°47′42″E / 56.31833°N 43.79500°E / 56.31833; 43.79500
Website http://www.sokolplant.ru/en/
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06/24 9,678 2,950 Concrete

Sormovo (or Gorkiy Sormovo) is an airfield in Russia, located on the outskirts of Nizhny Novgorod, some 8 km (5.0 mi) from the center city, just west of the Sokol Aircraft Plant. Legally, it is within the city's Moskovsky District (Московский район), but it is commonly referred to by the name of the much better-known neighborhood of Sormovo, which is to the north of the airfield. Moreover, between 1956 and 1970 the airfield (and all of today's Moskovsky District) was in fact part of the Sormovsky District.

According to the Western sources, it is a military base with MiG-25 and MiG-31 aircraft. The runway dimensions suggest that this airfield was built in the 1950s as a bomber base.

As of 2000, Google Earth high-resolution satellite images showed 14 MiG-25, 6 MiG-21, and a small number of older fighters and fixed-wing aircraft. The west side of the runway has a 50-m (164-ft) displaced threshold; the actual runway dimension is 3000 m (9840 ft).

Locally, the airfield is known as Airfield Nizhny Novgorod (Sormovo) (Russian: аэродром Нижний Новгород (Сормово)) of the Nizhny Novogorod Sokol Aviation Plant (Russian: Нижегородский авиационный завод «Сокол»). According to Sokol's website, the plant currently manufactures MiG-31E fighter-interceptors, MiG-29UB fighter-trainers, and Yak-130 combat trainers; they also upgrade customers' MiG-21 BIS planses, and manufacture small civilian airplanes (M-101T, a light passenger turboprop, and Accord-201, an amphibious aircraft).[1] The factory premises are adjacent to the eastern end of the airfield.

The 110th Military Airlift Regiment (110 VTAP) of Military Transport Aviation flying Ilyushin Il-76 freighters up until 2009 was not stationed at Sormovo, but another airfield near Nizhny Novgorod, Krechevitsy Airport, 11 kilometres to the northeast.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sokol Aircraft Plant (official site)

References[edit]