Spaghetti tree hoax
The spaghetti tree hoax is a famous 3-minute hoax report broadcast on April Fools' Day 1957 by the BBC current affairs programme Panorama. It told a tale of a family in southern Switzerland harvesting spaghetti from the fictitious spaghetti tree, broadcast at a time when this Italian dish was not widely eaten in the UK and some Britons were unaware that spaghetti is a pasta made from wheat flour and water. Hundreds of viewers phoned into the BBC, either to say the story was not true, or wondering about it, with some even asking how to grow their own spaghetti trees. Decades later CNN called this broadcast "the biggest hoax that any reputable news establishment ever pulled."
Panorama cameraman Charles de Jaeger dreamed up the story after remembering how teachers at his school in Austria teased his classmates for being so stupid that if they were told that spaghetti grew on trees, they would believe it.
The report was produced as an April Fools' Day joke in 1957, showing a family in the canton of Ticino in southern Switzerland as they gathered a bumper spaghetti harvest after a mild winter and "virtual disappearance of the spaghetti weevil". Footage of a traditional "Harvest Festival" was aired along with a discussion of the breeding necessary to develop a strain to produce the perfect length. Some scenes were filmed at the (now closed) Pasta Foods factory on London Road, St Albans in Hertfordshire and at a hotel in Castagnola, Switzerland.
The report was made more believable through its voiceover by respected broadcaster Richard Dimbleby. Pasta was not an everyday food in 1950s Britain, known mainly from tinned spaghetti in tomato sauce and considered by many to be an exotic delicacy.
At the time, seven million of the 15.8 million homes in Britain had television sets. An estimated eight million people watched the programme on 1 April and hundreds phoned in the following day to question the authenticity of the story or ask for more information about spaghetti cultivation and how they could grow their own spaghetti trees. The BBC reportedly told them to "place a sprig of spaghetti in a tin of tomato sauce and hope for the best".
"When I saw that item, I said to my wife, 'I don't think spaghetti grows on trees', so we'd looked it up in Encyclopædia Britannica. Do you know, Miall, Encyclopædia Britannica doesn't even mention spaghetti."
Similar hoaxes 
In the 1939 Soviet novel The Adventures of Captain Vrungel, a similar gag is present when the crew is arrested by Mussolini's forces. Fux manages to convince the soldiers he can make spaghetti grow, and even demonstrates (though in his case, they grew out of the ground like cereals, instead of on trees). Then he states that the spaghetti will only grow properly if watered with alcohol. The alcohol allotted for the purpose is naturally all drunk by the soldiers, causing a drop in security sufficient for the heroes to escape. Once safe, Fux explains he planted oats along with the spaghetti.
See also 
- By Saeed Ahmed CNN. "A nod and a link: April Fools' Day pranks abound in the news". CNN.com. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY | 1 | 1957: BBC fools the nation". BBC News. 1957-04-01. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
- "Television Ownership in Private Domestic Households 1956-2009 (Millions)". Barb.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
- McLennan, Louisa (September 10, 2004). "Fool's gold". Times Online. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
- http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20000529/ai_n14316791[dead link]
- http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20050225/ai_n11054921[dead link]
- BBC website with the original video
- "The Swiss Spaghetti Harvest". Museumofhoaxes.com. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
- "UK | England | Southern Counties | Still a good joke - 47 years on". BBC News. 2004-04-01. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
- Writer Richard G Elen EMAIL MORE ARTICLES. "Spaghetti Fool | Aspidistra". Transdiffusion.org. Retrieved 2010-01-25.