Spencer B. Horn

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Spencer Bertram Horn
Military Cross.jpg
Military Cross
Nickname(s) Nigger
Born (1895-04-18)18 April 1895
Redbourn, Wiltshire, England
Died 18 October 1969(1969-10-18) (aged 74)
Aldbourne, Wiltshire, England
Allegiance England
Service/branch Aviation
Rank Captain
Unit Dragoon Guards, No. 60 Squadron RFC, No. 85 Squadron RAF
Commands held C Flight, No. 85 Squadron RAF
Awards Military Cross
Other work Retired as a lieutenant-colonel in British Army

Captain Spencer Bertram Horn ( 18 April 1895 – 18 October 1969) was a World War I flying ace credited with thirteen aerial victories.[1]

Horn was the youngest of seven children born to Penelope Elizabeth Belt and William Austin Horn.[2] His six older siblings were born in Australia, but Horn's parents sailed back to England and landed the day before Horn was born.[3]

Horn began his military service in the Dragoon Guards, but transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. His first assignment after training was to 60 Squadron, from April to November 1917; his Flight Commander was Billy Bishop.[3] Horn scored his first two victories while flying a Nieuport fighter[4] for 60 Squadron on the second and sixth of May 1917. The squadron upgraded to Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5as. On this new mount, Horn and William Molesworth set an Albatros D.III afire on 5 August 1917. When Bishop transferred out of the squadron to form and command 85 Squadron, Horn took his place as C Flight Commander. Horn went on to run his string to six by 5 September 1917. He then went to instructor duty at Ayr with the Home Establishment.[3]

He thus had over an eight-month lapse before he began scoring again as a Flight Commander in 85 Squadron; Bishop had him transferred in March 1918. Beginning on 30 May 1918 and ongoing until 17 September 1918, he reeled off seven more wins. His final tally was seven enemy planes destroyed, six driven down out of control.[1][3]

Spencer Horn did not remain with the Royal Air Force, but instead returned to Army service. He retired as a Lieutenant Colonel.[3] He died at Aldbourne, England on 18 October 1969.[5]

Honors and awards[edit]

Lt. Spencer Bertram Horn, D.G. and R.F.C.

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He has destroyed several hostile machines and driven down others out of control. On one occasion he attacked alone four enemy aircraft, shooting one down completely out of control. He has twice cooperated with an infantry attack, diving to a very low altitude. He has shown great skill and gallantry on all occasions.[7]

Sources of information[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/horn.php Retrieved on 25 March 2010.
  2. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~akrb61/people/belt/d10.htm Retrieved on 18 June 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. p. 199. 
  4. ^ Nieuport Aces of World War 1.. p. 30. 
  5. ^ (The London Gazette, 15 January 1970) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/45020/pages/641 Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  6. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 18 October 1917) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30340/supplements/10707; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30340/supplements/10709 Retrieved on 25 March 2010.
  7. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 7 March 1918) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30561/supplements/2919 Retrieved on 25 March 2010.
  8. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 19 March 1948) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30561/supplements/2919 Retrieved on 25 March 2010.