Spirochaeta

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Spirochaeta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Spirochaetes
Class: Spirochaetes Cavalier-Smith 2002
Order: Spirochaetales Buchanan 1917
Family: Spirochaetaceae Swellengrebel 1907
Genus: Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835 emend. Pikuta et al. 2009
Species

Spirochaeta is a genus of bacteria classified within the phylum Spirochaetes.[1] [2]

Phylogeny[edit]

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [3] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[4] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 111 by The All-Species Living Tree Project [5]



?S. plicatilisEhrenberg 1835 (type sp.)



?S. taiwanensisChi-Yu & Cai-Ji 2004



?S. xylanolyticusYeh & Huang 2004





S. cellobiosiphila Breznak and Warnecke 2008




S. litoralis (ex Hespell and Canale-Parola 1970) Canale-Parola 1980




S. isovalerica Harwood and Canale-Parola 1983



S. perfilievii Dubinina et al. 2011






S. aurantia

?S. a. aurantia (Canale-Parola 1980) Canale-Parola 1984



?S. a. stricta Canale-Parola 1984




Borrelia Swellengrebel 1907









S. bajacaliforniensis Fracek and Stolz 2004



S. smaragdinae Magot et al. 1998





S. thermophila Aksenova et al. 1992


Sphaerochaeta

S. coccoides (Dröge et al. 2006) Abt et al. 2012




S. globosa Ritalahti et al. 2012 (type sp.)



S. pleomorpha Ritalahti et al. 2012









S. halophila Greenberg and Canale-Parola 1977




S. alkalica Zhilina et al. 1996



S. americana Hoover et al. 2003






S. africana Zhilina et al. 1996




S. asiatica Zhilina et al. 1996



S. dissipatitropha Pikuta et al. 2009







Treponema [incl. Spirochaeta caldaria, Spirochaeta stenostrepta and Spirochaeta zuelzerae]




Notes:
♦ Type strain lost or not available
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)

References[edit]

  1. ^ See the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Data extracted from J.P. Euzéby. "Spirochaetes". Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  2. ^ See the NCBI webpage on Spirochaetes Data extracted from Sayers et al. "NCBI Taxonomy Browser". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  3. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Spirochaeta". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [1]. Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  4. ^ Sayers et al. "Spirochaeta". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database [2]. Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  5. ^ All-Species Living Tree Project."16S rRNA-based LTP release 111 (full tree)". Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database [3]. Retrieved 2013-03-20.