St Mary's Church, Wormsley

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St Mary's Church, Wormsley
A small simple church seen from the south, with thin windows, a porch, a bellcote at the west end, and a short chancel
St Mary's Church, Wormsley, from the south
St Mary's Church, Wormsley is located in Herefordshire
St Mary's Church, Wormsley
St Mary's Church, Wormsley
Location in Herefordshire
Coordinates: 52°07′32″N 2°50′16″W / 52.1255°N 2.8377°W / 52.1255; -2.8377
OS grid reference SO 427 477
Location Wormsley, Herefordshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Churches Conservation Trust
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 2 September 1966
Architectural type Church
Style Norman, Gothic
Groundbreaking 12th century
Specifications
Materials Sandstone, Welsh slate roofs with tiles

St Mary's Church, Wormsley, is a redundant Anglican church in Wormsley, some 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) northwest of Hereford, Herefordshire, England. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building,[1] and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[2]

History[edit]

The present church contains Norman features dating from the 12th century, although it is thought that an earlier church may have existed on the site.[2] Alterations were made to it in the 13th century and later. The chancel was probably rebuilt in the 19th century.[1] The church was declared redundant on 1 March 1972, and was vested in the Churches Conservation Trust on 21 May 1974.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

St Mary's is constructed in sandstone rubble with sandstone ashlar dressings. It is roofed in Welsh slate with tiles on the crests. The plan is simple, consisting of a three-bay nave with a south porch, and a two-bay chancel. At the west end of the nave is a gabled bellcote with two trefoiled openings which dates from the 13th century. The north side of the nave contains a blocked doorway with a lancet window to its right and a trefoil-headed window to the left. In its south wall is one lancet window to the left of the porch and a double lancet to the right. In the north wall of the chancel are two lancet windows, and in the south wall is one lancet window and a pair of square-headed windows. The east window consists of three stepped lancets.[1] The south doorway dates from the 12th century.[2] It has a large lintel and a tympanum decorated with lozenges.[1]

Interior[edit]

The chancel arch dates from the 13th century. The font is from the 12th or 13th century and consists of a round bowl on a cylindrical base. The pulpit is in oak and dates from the 17th century. There is stained glass in the east window. On the north wall are brass plaques to the memory of two local men killed in the First World War.[1]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard are a cross and four monuments that are all designated as Grade II listed buildings. Only the steps and base of the churchyard cross remain. They are in sandstone and date possibly from the 14th century.[4] There is a sandstone pedestal tomb from the late 18th century to the memory of two Knight sisters.[5] Elsewhere are three limestone chest tombs in Neoclassical style. One is dated 1824 to the memory of Richard Payne Knight,[6] who was an archaeologist, architect and writer.[2] Near to this is the chest tomb of his brother, Thomas Andrew Knight, dated 1838.[7] He was an expert fruit grower who developed new varieties of apples.[2] There is a further chest tomb to another Thomas Andrew Knight that is dated 1827.[8] To the east of the church is the war grave of a World War II Royal Navy seaman.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e English Heritage, "Church of St Mary, Brinsop and Wormsley (1301626)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 February 2013 
  2. ^ a b c d e St Mary's Church, Wormsley, Herefordshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 29 March 2011 
  3. ^ Diocese of Hereford: All Schemes (PDF), Church Commissioners/Statistics, Church of England, 2011, p. 5, retrieved 11 April 2011 
  4. ^ English Heritage, "Churchyard Cross about 10 yards south of the southeast corner of the chancel of the Church of St Mary, Brinsop and Wormsley (1081962)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 June 2014 
  5. ^ English Heritage, "Knight Monument about 2 yards northeast of the northeast corner of the Church of St Mary, Brinsop and Wormsley (1157352)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 June 2014 
  6. ^ English Heritage, "Richard Payne Knight Monument about 10 yards northeast of the northeast corner of the Church of St Mary, Brinsop and Wormsley (1157366)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 June 2014 
  7. ^ English Heritage, "Thomas Andrew Knight Monument about 15 yards northeast of the northeast corner of the Church of St Mary, Brinsop and Wormsley (1081963)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 June 2014 
  8. ^ English Heritage, "Thomas Andrew Knight II Monument about 12 yards northeast of the northeast corner of the Church of St Mary, Brinsop and Wormsley (1081963)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 June 2014 
  9. ^ DAVIES, RALPH, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 4 February 2013