St Stephen's Church, Whelley
|St Stephen's Church, Whelley|
|OS grid reference||SD 593,067|
|Location||Balcarres Avenue, Whelley, Wigan, Greater Manchester|
|Website||St Stephen, Whelley|
|Heritage designation||Grade II|
|Designated||11 July 1983|
|Parish||St Stephen, Wigan|
|Vicar(s)||Rev Dr Sharon Jones|
St Stephen's Church, Whelley, is located in Balcarres Avenue, Whelley, Wigan, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Wigan, the archdeaconry of Warrington, and the diocese of Liverpool. Its benefice is united with that of St John, New Springs. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.
The first phase of the church was built between 1928 and 1930, the foundation stone being laid in November 1928, and the church being consecrated on 9 April 1930. It was designed by the Lancaster architect Henry Paley of Austin and Paley, and the church was built on land given by Lord Crawford. The first phase consisted of the east end of the church, and the first two bays of the nave and the aisles: this cost £9,863 (£540,000 as of 2014). The church was completed in 1937–38, and a choir vestry was added, the cost of these additions being £5,253.
St Stephen's is constructed in red and brown sandstone with green slate roofs, and is in Free Perpendicular style. Its plan consists of a nave with a clerestory and a south porch, north and south aisles, a chancel with a canted east end, a south vestry, and a single gabled bellcote standing at right angles to the south side of the chancel. At the west end are broad buttresses, with a canted baptistry between them. The west window has four lights, the east window has five lights, and the clerestory windows have three lights. Pollard and Pevsner in the Buildings of England series comment that it is "an odd time" for the architect to be continuing to use the style of the practice during the 1880s.[a] The two-manual pipe organ, the third to be installed in the church, was made in 1965 by J. W. Walker & Sons Ltd.
- St Stephen (Whelley), Wigan, Church of England, retrieved 24 August 2012
- English Heritage. "Church of St Stephen, Wigan (1384470)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 252.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 255.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, pp. 183–184.
- Pollard & Pevsner 2006, p. 664.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 2.
- Lancashire (Manchester, Greater), Whelley, St. Stephen, Plantation Gates (N10977), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 24 August 2012
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-10910-5