Stanley Jackson

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For other people named Stanley Jackson, see Stanley Jackson (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
Sir Stanley Jackson
GCIE GCSI KStJ PC
Ranji 1897 page 189 F. S. Jackson making an on-drive.jpg
F. S. Jackson making an on-drive, late 1890s
Financial Secretary to the War Office
In office
1922–1923
Preceded by George Frederick Stanley
Succeeded by Rupert Gwynne
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
1923–1926
Preceded by George Younger
Succeeded by John Davidson
Governor of Bengal
In office
1927–1932
Preceded by The Earl of Lytton
Succeeded by Sir John Anderson
Member of Parliament for Howdenshire
In office
1915 – 1926
Preceded by Henry Harrison-Broadley
Succeeded by William Henton Carver
Personal details
Born (1870-11-21)21 November 1870
Chapel Allerton, Leeds, Yorkshire, England
Died 9 March 1947(1947-03-09) (aged 76)
Hyde Park, London, England
Nickname(s) Jacker
Stanley Jackson
Personal information
Batting style Right-handed
Bowling style Right arm fast-medium
International information
Test debut (cap [[List of {{{country}}} Test cricketers|82]]) 17 July 1893 v Australia
Last Test 16 August 1905 v Australia
Domestic team information
Years Team
1890 – 1907 Yorkshire
1890 – 1893 Cambridge University
Career statistics
Competition Tests First-class
Matches 20 309
Runs scored 1,415 15,901
Batting average 48.79 33.83
100s/50s 5/6 31/76
Top score 144* 160
Balls bowled 1,587 37,516
Wickets 24 774
Bowling average 33.29 20.37
5 wickets in innings 1 42
10 wickets in match 0 6
Best bowling 5/52 8/54
Catches/stumpings 10/– 195/–
Source: Cricinfo, 11 November 2008

Sir Francis Stanley Jackson, GCSI, GCIE, PC, KStJ[1] (21 November 1870 – 9 March 1947),[2] known as the Honourable Stanley Jackson during his playing career, was an English cricketer, soldier and Conservative Party politician.

Early life[edit]

Jackson was born in Leeds. His father was William Jackson, 1st Baron Allerton. During Stanley's time at Harrow School his fag was fellow parliamentarian and future Prime Minister Winston Churchill.[1] He went up to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1889.[3]

Cricket career[edit]

"A Flannelled Fighter"
Jackson as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, August 1902

Jackson played for Cambridge University, Yorkshire and England. He spotted the talent of Ranjitsinhji when the latter, owing to his unorthodox batting and his race, was struggling to find a place for himself in the university side, and as captain was responsible for Ranji's inclusion in the Cambridge First XI and the awarding of his Blue. According to Alan Gibson this was "a much more controversial thing to do than would seem possible to us now".[4] He was named a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1894.

He captained England in 5 Test matches in 1905, winning 2 and drawing 3 to retain The Ashes.[5] Captaining England for the first time, he won all five tosses and topped the batting and bowling averages for both sides, with 492 runs at 70.28 and 13 wickets at 15.46. These were the last of his 20 Test matches, all played at home as he could not spare the time to tour. Jackson still holds the Test record for the most matches in a career without playing away from home.[6]

Gibson wrote of him as a cricketer that he had "a toughness of character, a certain ruthlessness behind the genial exterior... He does not seem to have been a particularly popular man, though he was always a deeply respected one."[4]

He was President of the MCC in 1921.

Jackson succeeded Lord Hawke as President of Yorkshire CCC in 1938 after Hawke's death and held the post until his own death in 1947.[7]

Military and political career[edit]

Jackson was a lieutenant in the Harrow Volunteers when he was on 16 January 1900 appointed captain in 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the King′s Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment).[8] He served with the regiment in the Second Boer War, and transferred to the West Yorkshire Regiment as a Lieutenant-Colonel in 1914.

He was elected as a Member of Parliament at a by-election in February 1915,[9] representing Howdenshire (Yorkshire) until resigning his seat on 3 November 1926.[10] He served as Financial Secretary to the War Office 1922-23. In 1927 he was appointed Governor of Bengal and in that year was knighted with the GCIE and was made a member of the Privy Council. In 1928 while he was Governor of Bengal, he inaugurated The Malda District Central Co-operative Bank Ltd in Malda District of Bengal to promote co-operative movements. He was awarded the KStJ in 1932.

In 1932, he sidestepped and ducked five pistol shots fired at close range by a girl student named Bina Das in the Convocation Hall of the University of Calcutta. Escaping unharmed and smiling, "[e]ven before the smoke had blown away, the Governor resumed his speech amid cheers."[11] The attacker was tackled and disarmed by Lieutenant-Colonel Hassan Suhrawardy (the first Muslim Vice Chancellor of the University of Calcutta), who was knighted by the King for his heroism.[12] Later that year, Jackson was appointed GCSI.

Funeral[edit]

England team v. Australia, Trent Bridge 1899. Back row: Dick Barlow (umpire), Tom Hayward, George Hirst, Billy Gunn, J T Hearne (12th man), Bill Storer (wkt kpr), Bill Brockwell, V A Titchmarsh (umpire). Middle row: C B Fry, K S Ranjitsinhji, W G Grace (captain), Stanley Jackson. Front row: Wilfred Rhodes, Johnny Tyldesley. Jackson, Hirst and Rhodes are wearing their Yorkshire caps.

Jackson died in London of complications following a road accident.[13] Recalling his funeral, the Bishop of Knaresborough remarked "As I gazed down on the rapt faces of that vast congregation, I could see how they revered him as though he were the Almighty, though, of course, infinitely stronger on the leg side."

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jackson's obituary in the 1948 Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. This gives his full name as Francis Stanley Jackson, whereas Cricinfo and CricketArchive both give his full name as Frank Stanley Jackson. This article uses the name given by Wisden.
  2. ^ "Historical list of MPs: constituencies beginning with H, part 4". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons page. Retrieved 14 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "Jackson, Francis (or Frank) Stanley (JK889FF)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ a b Gibson, Alan (1989). The Cricket Captains of England. Pavilion Books. pp. 91–2. ISBN 978-1-85145-395-5. 
  5. ^ Alan Gibson wrote a book about his achievements in that series, published in 1966: Jackson's Year: The Test Matches Of 1905.
  6. ^ Walmsley, Keith (2003). Mosts Without in Test Cricket. Reading, England: Keith Walmsley Publishing Pty Ltd. p. 457. ISBN 0947540067. .
  7. ^ Kilburn, p.123.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27156. p. 433. 23 January 1900.
  9. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 426. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  10. ^ Department of Information Services (9 June 2009). "Appointments to the Chiltern Hundreds and Manor of Northstead Stewardships since 1850". House of Commons Library. Retrieved 30 November 2009. 
  11. ^ Five shots fired at governor Glasgow Herald, 8 February 1932, p. 11
  12. ^ [trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/21782002 Bravery Recognised] Brisbane Courier 18 February 1932, at Trove
  13. ^ Kilburn, p.122.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Harrison-Broadley
Member of Parliament for Howdenshire
1915–1926
Succeeded by
William Henton Carver
Political offices
Preceded by
George Frederick Stanley
Financial Secretary to the War Office
1922–1923
Succeeded by
Rupert Gwynne
Preceded by
George Younger
Chairman of the Conservative Party
1923–1926
Succeeded by
John Davidson
Preceded by
The Earl of Lytton
Governor of Bengal
1927–1932
Succeeded by
Sir John Anderson
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Plum Warner
English national cricket captain
1905
Succeeded by
Plum Warner