Wilhelmstein fortress in the lake
|Location||30 km NW of Hanover, Lower Saxony|
|Primary inflows||groundwater, precipitation|
|Primary outflows||Meerbach (towards Weser River)|
|Max. length||8 km|
|Max. width||4.5 km|
|Surface area||29.12 km²|
|Average depth||1.35 m|
|Max. depth||3 m|
|Water volume||0.088 km³|
|Islands||2 (Wilhelmstein and Badeinsel)|
The Steinhuder Meer or Lake Steinhude is a lake in Lower Saxony, Germany located 30 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of Hanover. It is named after the nearby village of Steinhude. It has an area of about 30 square kilometres (12 sq mi), making it the largest lake of northwestern Germany, but it is very shallow, with an average depth of only 1.35 metres (4.4 ft) and a maximum depth of less than 3 metres (9.8 ft). It lies within a region known as the Hanoverian Moor Geest.
It is part of the glacial landscape formed after the recession of the glaciers of the latest Ice Age, the Weichselian glaciation. There are two theories regarding how the lake of Steinhude was formed. One of them says that glaciers gouged out the hole and meltwater filled it. The other theory states that an ice storm formed the hole and as the groundwater rose, the lake was created. In its middle there is a small artificial island carrying an 18th-century fortification, the Wilhelmstein. Today the lake is the heart of a nature reserve, the Steinhuder Meer Nature Park, and is also used as a recreational area.
- Steinhuder Meer Nature Park
- Nixdorf, B.; et al. (2004), "Steinhuder Meer", Dokumentation von Zustand und Entwicklung der wichtigsten Seen Deutschlands (in German), Berlin: Umweltbundesamt, p. 25