Stobo Kirk

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Stobo Kirk is an ancient church of the Church of Scotland. It is dedicated to St Mungo and is situated near the B712 off the A72 just 6 miles south-west of Peebles in the ancient county of Peeblesshire, now part of the Scottish Borders Council area.

Stobo Kirk

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The Cedar of Lebanon entrance door
Jesus Christ blessing children, one of the stained glass windows in Stobo Kirk

It is believed there has been a church on the site of present day Stobo Kirk since as early as the 6th century. St Kentigern, otherwise known as St Mungo, founded many churches during his time as Archbishop of the ancient kingdom of Strathclyde, and Stobo is believed to be one of his foundations.

Stobo was originally the 'plebania' or mother church with subordinate chapelries or churches at Dawyck, Drumelzier, Kingledoors, Tweedsmuir, Broughton, Glenholm, and Lyne.[1]

Medieval times[edit]

A new church, the ancestor of the present building, was built in the 12th century, but during the 15th and 16th centuries, the Scottish people were becoming weary of the rule of Rome. The church was becoming wealthy but the people were still poor and many voices spoke of reforming the church in Scotland.[2] The people of Stobo were no different and when their canon, Adam Colquhoun,[3] was succeeded by one of his two sons, it helped fuel the desire for a reformed church.

Post Reformation[edit]

Stobo, part of the Parish of Stobo in the Diocese of Glasgow until the Protestant Reformation, appears to have retained much of the original 12th century building, including windows, the nave and chancel, unlike many other Roman Catholic churches which were destroyed after the coming of the reformed religion. The tower was raised above first floor level in the 16th century and further major restoration was carried out in 1863[4] by John Lessels, an eminent 19th century architect.[5] Further major restoration work was carried out in 1929. The church exterior is not so inviting but the interior is of great interest and character.

Legend[edit]

"Kentigern, Myrddin": Merlin Sylvestris (Merlin Wyllt) being converted to Christianity by Saint Kentigern
The 'altarstone' in Stobo Kirk on which Merlin was converted to Christianity

Legend has it that St Kentigern converted Myrddin Wyllt (Merlin Sylvestris)[6] or Merlin (the wizard associated with King Arthur) to Christianity and baptised him on a boulder near Drumelzier. Merlin had fled to the forest after Gwenddoleu had been defeated and killed at the battle of Arderydd near Arthuret in 573. There is a great rock at the spot known as the 'Altar Stone' and a stained glass window in Stobo Kirk commemorates the event.

Description of the kirk building[edit]

Both the church and the graveyard are B listed.[clarification needed]

Porch[edit]

The Jougs on the porch wall

The porch was added in the late 15th - 16th century and is notable for the grooves in the left-hand door jamb, created by pupils sharpening their slate pencils before class and possibly by the sharpening of arrow heads prior to the weekly after-church archery practice which became compulsory after the disaster of the Battle of Flodden.[7] The 12th century Norman entrance into the nave has a door made from a single board of cedar wood from the nearby Dawyck estate.[7]

On the outer entrance hangs the old Jougs used to punish recalcitant members of the parish until some time in the 18th century.[7]

Nave[edit]

A much damaged Celtic cross was found in the stonework during restoration and a reconstruction has been placed in the nave. The red paint on the stonework is a reminder of the original brightly painted character of pre-Reformation churches.[8]

North aisle chapel[edit]

The kirk tower
Stobo Kirk from the north-northeast (houses and gardens in foreground)

Reconstructed in a style reminiscent of the Arts and Crafts Movement, in the erroneous belief that this was the site of Saint Kentigern's Chapel, the structure incorporates a standing stone in the wall. It was probably a chantry or mortuary aisle of the 15th century.[9] The 14th burial slab of Robert Vesey, and others of a local miller and a knight in armour are preserved in the aisle. The altar stone may be linked to the conversion of Merlin Sylvestris by Saint Kentigern (Mungo).[6]

Tower[edit]

The tower may be 12th century in origin, however it has been rebuilt several times. It gave access to the 'Laird's Loft' and now contains a meeting room as well as the vestry. Blocked-up windows of a likely 16th century date are present.[9]

Brass hanging lamps[edit]

The Balfour family of Stobo Castle presented a number of brass hanging lamps to the kirk and one of these has been identified as being manufactured in Nuremberg by Hans Muller between 1693 and 1701. The others are copies or by other Nuremberg craftsmen.[10]

'Stobo Kirk' by James McIntosh Patrick[edit]

The kirk is the subject of paintings by the 20th century Scottish landscape painter James McIntosh Patrick (1907-98), including the well-known 'Stobo Kirk' (1936) in the City Art Centre, Edinburgh.[11]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Groome; p. 1526
  2. ^ http://www.reformation-scotland.org.uk/articles/john-knox-scottish-reformation.php John Knox and the Scottish Reformation by Scott Melhuish
  3. ^ http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/biography/?id=WH0931&type=P University of Glasgow Story
  4. ^ http://www.ramshornstudio.com/stobo_kirk.htm Stobo Kirk
  5. ^ http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/architect_full.php?id=200066 John Lessels, Edinburgh Architect
  6. ^ a b Seymour; p. 9
  7. ^ a b c Seymour, Page 1
  8. ^ Seymour, p. 3
  9. ^ a b Seymour, p. 4
  10. ^ Seymour; p. 5
  11. ^ http://www.edinburghmuseums.org.uk/Venues/City-Art-Centre/Collections/Fine-Art.aspx

Sources[edit]

  • Groome, Francis H. (1903) Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland. Vol. 1. London: Caxton Publishing Company
  • Seymour, Camilla & Randall, John (2007) Stobo Kirk: a guide to the building and its history. Peebles: John Randall

External links[edit]

  • Stobo Kirk Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland

Coordinates: 55°37′32″N 3°17′58″W / 55.625544°N 3.299381°W / 55.625544; -3.299381