Stones River Confederate order of battle

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The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Stones River of the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign,[1] the casualty returns[2] and the reports.[3]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of Tennessee[edit]

Gen Braxton Bragg, Commanding

Polk's Corps[edit]

LTG Leonidas Polk

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Cheatham's Division
     MG Benjamin F. Cheatham

First (Donelson's) Brigade


   BG Daniel S. Donelson

  • 8th Tennessee: Col William L. Moore (k), Ltc John H. Anderson
  • 16th Tennessee: Col John H. Savage
  • 38th Tennessee: Col John C. Carter
  • 51st Tennessee: Col John Chester
  • 84th Tennessee: Col Sidney S. Stanton
  • Carnes' (Tennessee) battery: Cpt William W. Carnes
Second (Stewart's) Brigade


   BG Alexander P. Stewart

  • 4th-5th Tennessee: Col Otho F. Strahl
  • 19th Tennessee: Col Francis M. Walker
  • 24th Tennessee: Col Hugh L. W. Bratton (mw), Maj Samuel E. Shannon
  • 31st-33rd Tennessee: Col Egbert E. Tansil
  • Stanford's (Mississippi) battery: Cpt Thomas J. Stanford
Third (Maney's) Brigade


   BG George Maney

  • 1st-27th Tennessee: Col Hume R. Field
  • 4th Tennessee (Provisional Army): Col James A. McMurry
  • 6th-9th Tennessee: Col Charles S. Hurt, Maj John L. Harris
  • Maney's company (Tennessee) Sharpshooters: Cpt Frank Maney
  • Smith's (Mississippi) battery: Lt William B. Turner
Fourth (Smith's) Brigade


   Col Alfred J. Vaughan, Jr.
   BG Preston Smith[4]

  • 12th Tennessee: Maj Josiah N. Wyatt
  • 13th Tennessee: Ltc William E. Morgan (mw), Cpt R. F. Lanier
  • 29th Tennessee: Maj John B. Johnson
  • 47th Tennessee: Cpt William M. Watkins
  • 154th Senior Tennessee: Ltc Michael Magevney, Jr.
  • 9th Texas: Col William H. Young
  • Allin's (Tennessee) Sharpshooters: Lt J. R. J. Creighton (mw), Lt T. F. Pattison
  • Scott's (Tennessee) battery: Cpt William L. Scott

Withers' Division
     MG Jones M. Withers

First (Deas') Brigade


   Col John Q. Loomis (w)
   Col John G. Coltart

  • 19th Alabama
  • 22nd Alabama
  • 25th Alabama
  • 26th Alabama
  • 39th Alabama
  • 17th Alabama Battalion Sharpshooters: Cpt Benjamin C. Yancey
  • 1st Louisiana (Regulars): Ltc Frederick H. Farrar, Jr. (mw)
  • Robertson's (Florida) battery: Cpt Felix H. Robertson
Second (Chalmers') Brigade


   BG James R. Chalmers (w)
   Col Thomas W. White

  • 7th Mississippi
  • 9th Mississippi: Col Thomas W. White
  • 10th Mississippi
  • 41st Mississippi
  • 9th Mississippi Battalion Sharpshooters: Cpt O. F. West
  • Blythe's (Mississippi) regiment
  • Garrity's (Alabama) battery
Third (Walthall's) Brigade[5]


   BG J. Patton Anderson

  • 45th Alabama: Col James G. Gilchrist
  • 24th Mississippi: Ltc Robert P. McKelvaine
  • 27th Mississippi: Col Thomas M. Jones,[6] Ltc James L. Autry (k), Cpt Edward R. Neilson (w)
  • 29th Mississippi: Col William F. Brantley (w), Ltc James B. Morgan
  • 30th Mississippi: Ltc Junius I. Scales
  • 39th North Carolina:[7] Cpt Alfred W. Bell
  • Barret's (Missouri) battery: Cpt O. W. Barret
Fourth (Anderson's) Brigade


   Col Arthur M. Manigault

  • 24th Alabama
  • 28th Alabama
  • 34th Alabama
  • 10th-19th South Carolina: Col Augustus J. Lythgoe (k)
  • Waters' (Alabama) battery: Cpt David D. Waters

Hardee's Corps[edit]

LTG William J. Hardee

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Breckinridge's Division
     MG John C. Breckinridge

First (Adams') Brigade


   BG Daniel W. Adams (w)
   Col Randall L. Gibson

  • 32nd Alabama: Ltc Henry Maury (w), Col Alexander McKinstry
  • 13th-20th Louisiana: Col Randall L. Gibson, Maj Charles Guillet
  • 16th-25th Louisiana: Col Stewart W. Fisk (k), Maj Francis C. Zacharie
  • 14th Louisiana Battalion Sharpshooters: Maj John E. Austin
  • Washington Artillery, Fifth Company: Lt William C. D. Vaught
Second (Pillow's) Brigade[8]


   Col Joseph B. Palmer
   BG Gideon J. Pillow[9]

  • 18th Tennessee: Ltc William R. Butler, Col Joseph B. Palmer[10] (w)
  • 26th Tennessee: Col John M. Lillard
  • 28th Tennessee: Col Preston D. Cunningham (k)
  • 45th Tennessee: Col Anderson Searcy
  • Moses' (Georgia) battery: Lt Ruel W. Anderson
Third (Preston's) Brigade


   BG William Preston

  • 1st-3rd Florida: Col William Miller[10] (w)
  • 4th Florida: Col William L. L. Bowen
  • 60th North Carolina: Col Joseph A McDowell
  • 20th Tennessee: Col Thomas B. Smith (w), Ltc Frank M. Lavender, Maj Fred Claybrooke
  • Wright's (Tennessee) Battery: Cpt E. Eldridge Wright (k), Lt John W. Mebane (w)
Fourth (Hanson's) Brigade


   BG Roger W. Hanson (mw)
   Col Robert P. Trabue

Jackson's Brigade[11]


   BG John K. Jackson

  • 5th Georgia: Col William T. Black (k), Maj Charles P. Daniel
  • 2nd Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters: Maj Jesse J. Cox
  • 5th Mississippi: Ltc Walter L. Sykes (w)
  • 8th Mississippi: Col John C. Wilkinson (w&c), Ltc Aden McNeill
  • Pritchard's (Georgia) Battery
  • Lumsden's (Alabama) battery: Lt Harvey H. Cribbs

Cleburne's Division
     MG Patrick R. Cleburne

First (Polk's) Brigade


   BG Lucius E. Polk

  • 1st Arkansas: Col John W. Colquitt
  • 13th-15th Arkansas: Maj Charles H. Carlton (w), Maj Robert A. Duncan (w)
  • 5th Confederate: Col James A. Smith
  • 2nd Tennessee: Col William D. Robison
  • 5th Tennessee: Col Benjamin J. Hill
  • Helena (Arkansas) Artillery: Lt Thomas J. Key
Second (Liddell's) Brigade


   BG St. John R. Liddell

Third (Johnson's) Brigade


   BG Bushrod R. Johnson

  • 17th Tennessee: Col Albert S. Marks (w), Ltc Watt W. Floyd
  • 23rd Tennessee: Ltc Richard H. Keeble
  • 25th Tennessee: Col John M. Hughs (w), Ltc Samuel Davis
  • 37th Tennessee: Col Moses White (w), Maj Joseph T. McReynolds (k), Cpt Charles G. Jarnagin
  • 44th Tennessee: Col John S. Fulton
  • Jefferson (Mississippi) Artillery: Cpt Putnam Darden
Fourth (Wood's) Brigade


   BG Sterling A. M. Wood

  • 16th Alabama: Col William B. Wood (w)
  • 33rd Alabama: Col Samuel Adams
  • 3rd Confederate: Maj John F. Cameron
  • 45th Mississippi: Ltc Richard Charlton
  • 15th Mississippi Battalion Sharpshooters: Cpt A. T. Hawkins
  • Semple's (Alabama) Battery: Cpt Henry C. Semple[12]

McCown's Division[13]
     MG John P. McCown

First (Ector's) Brigade


   BG Mathew D. Ector

  • 10th Texas Cavalry (dismounted): Col Matthew F. Locke
  • 11th Texas Cavalry (dismounted): Col John C. Burks (mw), Ltc Joseph M. Bounds
  • 14th Texas Cavalry (dismounted): Col John L. Camp
  • 15th Texas Cavalry (dismounted):[14] Col Julius A. Andrews
  • Douglas' (Texas) Battery: Cpt James P. Douglas
Second (Rains's) Brigade


   BG James E. Rains (k)
   Col Robert B. Vance

  • 3rd Georgia Battalion: Ltc Marcellus A. Stovall
  • 9th Georgia Battalion: Maj Joseph T. Smith
  • 29th North Carolina: Col Robert B. Vance
  • 11th Tennessee: Col George W. Gordon (w), Ltc William Thedford
  • Eufaula (Alabama) Light Artillery: Lt William A. McDuffie
Third (McNair's) Brigade


   BG Evander McNair[15]
   Col Robert W. Harper

Cavalry[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Cavalry[16]
     BG Joseph Wheeler[17]

Wheeler's Brigade


   BG Joseph Wheeler

  • 1st Alabama: Col William W. Allen (w)
  • 3rd Alabama: Maj Francis Y. Gaines, Cpt Tyirie H. Mauldin
  • 51st Alabama: Col John T. Morgan, Ltc James D. Webb (w)
  • 8th Confederate: Col William B. Wade
  • 1st Tennessee: Col James E. Carter
  • Douglass' (Tennessee) Battalion: Maj DeWitt C. Douglass
  • Holman's (Tennessee) Battalion: Maj Daniel W. Holman
  • Wiggins' (Arkansas) Battery: Cpt Jannedens H. Wiggins
Buford's Brigade


   BG Abraham Buford

  • 3rd Kentucky: Col J. R. Butler
  • 5th Kentucky: Col D. H. Smith
  • 6th Kentucky: Col John W. Grigsby
Pegram's Brigade[18]


   BG John Pegram

  • 1st Georgia
  • 1st Louisiana
Wharton's Brigade


   BG John A. Wharton

  • 14th Alabama Battalion: Ltc James C. Malone
  • 1st Confederate: Col John T. Cox[19]
  • 3rd Confederate: Ltc William N. Estes
  • 2nd Georgia: Ltc James E. Dunlop, Maj Francis M. Ison
  • 3rd Georgia (detachment): Maj Robert Thompson
  • 2nd Tennessee:[20] Col Henry M. Ashby
  • 4th Tennessee: Col Baxter Smith
  • Davis' (Tennessee) Battalion: Maj John R. Davis
  • 8th Texas: Col Thomas Harrison[21]
  • Murray's (Tennessee) regiment: Maj William S. Bledsoe
  • Escort company: Cpt Paul F. Anderson
  • McCown's escort company: Cpt L. T. Hardy
  • White's (Tennessee) battery: Cpt Benjamin F. White, Jr.

Artillery[edit]

Battalions Batteries
Artillery[22]
  • Baxter's (Tennessee) battery
  • Byrne's (Kentucky) battery
  • Gibson's (Georgia) battery

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XX, Part 1, pages 658-661
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XX, Part 1, pages 676-681
  3. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XX, Part 1, pages 1093-1099
  4. ^ Assumed command January 2, 1863 (see: Vaughan's report)
  5. ^ Brigadier General Walthall was absent on sick leave (see: Anderson's report)
  6. ^ Turned over command to Lieutenant Colonel Autry on December 30, 1862 (see: Anderson's report)
  7. ^ Joined Brigade December 31st, 1862; transferred, January 2, 1863 to Anderson's Brigade
  8. ^ 32nd Tennessee was on detached service near Wartrace, Tennessee (see: Palmer's and Pillow's reports)
  9. ^ Assumed command January 2, 1863 (see: Breckinridge's and Pillow's report)
  10. ^ a b c Wounded but did not relinquish the command
  11. ^ Temporarily assigned to Breckinridge's Division
  12. ^ Served with Hanson's Brigade, Breckinridge's Division until January 1, 1863 (see: Cleburne's and Semple's report)
  13. ^ Of Smith's Corps, served with Hardee's Corps
  14. ^ This regiment appears subsequently on Texas register as the 32nd Texas Cavalry (see: Official Records, Series I, Volume XX, Part 1, page 936/footnote)
  15. ^ Turned over command to Colonel Harper on account of sickness on December 31, 1862 (see: McCown's and McNair's report)
  16. ^ Forrest's and Morgan's commands on detached service
  17. ^ Chief of Cavalry
  18. ^ Probably incomplete
  19. ^ Commanded 1st Confederate, Davis' (Tennessee) Battalion, 14th Alabama Battalion and Murray's (Tennessee) regiment (see: Wharton's report)
  20. ^ transferred, January 1, 1863 to Pegram's Brigade (see: Wharton's report)
  21. ^ Commanded 8th Texas, 3rd Confederate and 2nd Georgia (see: Wharton's report)
  22. ^ Byrne's battery mentioned in Breckenridge's report. The others do not appear to have been engaged in the campaign. Baxter's battery reported as at Shelbyville, December 31, and Gibson's was ordered, December 1, 1862, to Chattanooga, Tennessee, to be fitted for the field

References[edit]