Edward C. Walthall

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Edward Cary Walthall
Edward Cary Walthall.jpg
United States Senator
from Mississippi
In office
March 9, 1885 – January 24, 1894
Preceded by Lucius Q. C. Lamar
Succeeded by Anselm J. McLaurin
In office
March 4, 1895 – April 21, 1898
Preceded by Anselm J. McLaurin
Succeeded by William V. Sullivan
Personal details
Born (1831-04-04)April 4, 1831
Richmond, Virginia
Died April 21, 1898(1898-04-21) (aged 67)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic
Military service
Allegiance Confederate States of America Confederate
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861—1865
Rank Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier General
(temporary) Major General
Unit 15th Mississippi Infantry
Commands Walthall's Division—III Corps
Walthall's Brigade
29th Mississippi Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Edward Cary Walthall (April 4, 1831 – April 21, 1898) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a postbellum United States Senator from Mississippi.


Born in Richmond, Virginia, Walthall moved to Mississippi as a child, attended St. Thomas Hall in Holly Springs, studying law. He was admitted to the bar in 1852 and commenced practice in Coffeeville. He was elected district attorney for the tenth judicial district of Mississippi in 1856 and reelected in 1859.

During the Civil War, Walthall entered the Confederate Army as a Lieutenant in the 15th Mississippi Infantry, and was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel after 3 months. Fighting in the Western Theater he was elected Colonel of the 29th Mississippi Infantry on April 11, 1862. Commanding one of the Army of Tennessee's brigades during late 1862 he was appointed Brigadier General on December 13, 1862. Walthall distinguished himself at the Battle of Missionary Ridge, where he led his brigade over a ridge and held back the Federal troops until the Confederate army made its escape; however he was wounded and captured on November 25, 1863; but quickly was exchanged. He was wounded again at the Battle of Resaca. Afterwards he advanced to division command in Stewart's corps, receiving a temporary promotion to Major General. He covered the retreat of Gen. Hood's army after the defeat at Nashville. He acted as corps commander for a months in 1865, and he and his division surrendered with Gen. Joseph E. Johnston at Bennett Place on April 26, 1865. He was paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina on May 1, 1865.[1]

After the war, Walthall resumed the practice of law in Coffeeville. In 1871, he moved to Grenada, Mississippi, and continued practicing law until 1885.

Walthall was appointed as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lucius Q.C. Lamar. He was subsequently elected to fill the vacancy, and was reelected in 1889. He served from March 9, 1885, to January 24, 1894, when he resigned due to ill health. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs (Fifty-third Congress) and a member of the Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Fifty-fifth Congress).

Walthall was again elected for the term beginning March 4, 1895, and served from that date until his death in Washington, D.C. in 1898. Funeral services were held in the Chamber of the United States Senate. He was buried in Holly Springs Cemetery.


Walthall County, Mississippi is named after him.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ *Eicher, John H.; David J. Eicher (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford University Press. p. 552. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. 


External links[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Lucius Q. C. Lamar
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Mississippi
Served alongside: James Z. George
Succeeded by
Anselm J. McLaurin
Preceded by
Anselm J. McLaurin
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Mississippi
Served alongside: James Z. George, Hernando D. Money
Succeeded by
William V. Sullivan