Sihag

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Sihag
Jat Clan
Sihagcrossedswords.jpg
Location Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab, India, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Pakistan, Sindh
Varna Kshatriya
Vansh Suryavansha, Agnivansha, Nagavansha
Branches Asiagh, Sehwag, Siyag, Siag, Suhag, Syag, Sehag, Siyak, Sihag , Syak, Sinhwag, Siwal, Bolan, Chautala
Language Bagri, Haryanvi, Rajasthani, Hindi, Punjabi
Religion Hinduism

Sihag (Siyag, Sehwag, Asiagh,or Siag) is a clan of Jat people found in Haryana, Rajasthan, western Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab region of India and Pakistan.

Origin[edit]

Sihag originally is a clan of Jats.[1][page needed]

History[edit]

Rulers in Jangladesh[edit]

Northern-most light pink coloured region is "Jangladesh". It includes the present-day districts of Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, and Hanumangarh.

The Sihags at one time ruled a part of the region then known as Jangladesh.

Table of Jat Kingdoms in Jangladesh:

S.No. Name of Kingdom Name of King No. of villages Capital Names of districts
1. Sihag Chokha Singh 150 Sui Rawatsar, Baramsar, Purabsar Dandusar, Gandaisi
2. Beniwal Raisal Singh 150 Rasalana Bhukarka, Sanduri, Manoharpur, Kooi, Bae
3. Johiya Sher Singh 600 Bhurupal Jaitpur, Kumanu, Mahajan, Peepasar, Udasar
4. Punia Kanha Singh 300 Luddi Bhadra, Ajitpura, Sidhmukh, Rajgarh, Dadrewa, Sankhoo
5. Saharan Pula Singh 300 Bhadang Khejra, Phoglo, Buchawas, Sui, Badnu, Sirsila
6. Godara Pandu Singh 700 Shekhsar Shekhsar, Pundrasar, Gusainsar (Bada), Gharsisar, Garibdesar, Rungaysar, Kalu
7. Kaswan Kanwarpal Singh 100 Sidhmukh

Sihag Jats were rulers in North Jangladesh prior to the rule of Rathores. Jangladesh coincided with the princely state of Bikaner in Rajasthan. When Rathores under the leadership of Bika and Kandal were spreading their rule in Jangladesh, At that time about 150 villages were under the rule of Sihag Jats. "Chokha Singh Sihag" was their king and their capital was "Sui (Sihaggoti)".It is 12 mile north-east to Shekhsar in Lunkaransar district. Rawatsar, Devasar, Biramsar, Moteir, Dandusar and Gandeli were other famous towns in their state.There another capital was "Pallu" which is nearby Sui in Nohar district. It is said that earlier its name was Kot Kiloor which afterwards was renamed on the name of Pallu, the daughter of Sihag king.[citation needed]

Chokha Singh Sihag had war with Rathores but the Godara Jats and Delhi Sultanate had aligned with Rathores due to which Sihag's faced a defeat. Rathores had established good relations with the Delhi Muslim rulers and became powerful. The lack of harmony and coordination among other Jat rulers led to the defeat of Jat states in Rajasthan and established the Rathore Kingdom in 1488 AD.It has been known that even after defeat Sihag Jats didn't accepted Rathore's rule and hence were invited for conference. They were tricked by Rathors and made captive in the conference hall and ultimately burnt alive. The Jats claimed their right over the land which was under their possession, before the Rathores occupied it and this claim was inherited by their descendants, who used to divide the land among themselves for cultivation. In the early period of their conquest the Rathores could not exercise any definite claim on the land as landlords. However, it was possible only in the 17th century, due to internal rivalries among Jat people, Godaras surrendered.Later on most of Jat clans in Rajasthan had to accept Rathor's suzerainty in Mughal times due to the Rathores having allied with the Mughals.[2][3]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dhillon, B. S. History and Study of the Jats. ISBN 1-895603-02-1. 
  2. ^ Jibraeil: "Position of Jats in Churu Region", The Jats - Vol. II, Ed Dr Vir Singh, Delhi, 2006, p. 223
  3. ^ Dr Pema Ram, The Jats Vol. 3, ed. Dr Vir Singh,Originals, Delhi, 2007 p. 205-206
  4. ^ Tribune News Service (2002-10-19). "Top shot". The Tribune. Retrieved 2006-02-11.