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Sultan Sarang was a chief of the Gakhar tribe which resided in the Pothohar region in Northern Punjab, modern-day Pakistan. He was born in Pharwala fort and his father was a Gakhar chief Tatar Khan. Due to his services to Mughal emperor Babur, Sarang Khan was bestowed the title of Sultan by Emperor Babur.
Sarang's father Takar Khan/Tattar Khan allied with Mughal Emperor Babur on his campaign of Hind. However, Hathi Gakhar had assassinated Takar/Tattar in a late night raid on his camp, capturing his possessions, his women and wealth. Whence Hathi Khan was defeated by Babur (who recruited the local Janjua Rajputs for this battle), he was later assassinated by an aged Sarang through poison. Sarang, now claimed leadership of the turbulent Gakhar tribe, inheriting also the title of Sultan from Mughal Babur.
Sultan Sarang was later captured by Emperor Sher Shah and flayed alive. His daughter was handed to Mughal commander Khawas Khan in accordance with the Imperial order of revenge upon Sarang for his refractory rebellion against the Suri Empire.
Sultan Sarang died in 1546 CE and is buried in tomb in Rawat Fort. His brother Adam Khan assumed leadership of the tribe upon his demise.
Sultan Raja Erij Zaman Khan is the present chief.
- The Panjab Chiefs: Historical and Biographical Notices of the Principal Families in the Lahore and Rawalpindi Divisions of the Panjab by Lepel Henry Griffin, Charles Francis Massy, Publ. Civil and Military Gazette press, 1890, p. 356
- The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians: The Muhammadan Period by Henry Miers Elliot, John Dowson - India - 1963, p. 278
- Tārīk̲h̲-i-Śēr Śāhī by ʻAbbās Khān Sarvānī, Brahmadeva Prasad Ambashthya, Publ K.P.Jayaswal Research Institute, 1974 p. 556