Gỏi cuốn

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Gỏi cuốn
Vietnamese salad roll.jpg
Goi cuon wrapped in Vietnamese bánh tráng
Alternative name(s) Nem cuốn, summer roll, salad roll
Type Hors d'oeuvre
Place of origin Vietnam
Serving temperature Room temperature
Main ingredient(s) Pork, prawns, vegetables, bún, bánh tráng

Nem cuốn, Bánh tráng cuốn, or Gỏi cuốn,[1] (Literally, nem rolls, rice paper rolls and salad rolls in the northern, central, and southern Vietnamese dialect, respectively), Vietnamese Spring Roll,[2][3][4][5][6] summer roll, or salad roll, is a Vietnamese dish traditionally consisting of pork, prawn, vegetables, bún (rice vermicelli), and other ingredients wrapped in Vietnamese bánh tráng (commonly known as rice paper).[7][8] They are served at room temperature (or cooled) and are not deep fried or cooked on the outside. It is listed at number 30 on World's 50 most delicious foods complied by CNN Go in 2011.[9] Fresh gỏi cuốn have gained popularity among Vietnam’s neighboring countries and in the western hemisphere as well. These rolls are considered to be a very popular appetizer among customers in Vietnamese restaurants.

Preparation[edit]

Goi cuon with accompaniments: dipping sauce and fresh chili
Video demonstration of spring rolls preparation

When preparing to make gỏi cuốn, there should be separate plates for each ingredient (meat and vegetables) to be added. There should also be a big bowl filled with warm water in which to dip the banh trang (rice paper). Once dipped, the banh trang is laid flat on a plate and the desired amount of ingredients is placed on top. The fresh gỏi cuốn is then rolled up and ready to be eaten. Gỏi cuốn can be served with tương xào (also known as hoisin sauce), which consists of ground tương (tương đen or tương xay)and mixed coconut water (or broth), before being stir-fried with garlic and some sugar and then sprinkled with chili powder and ground peanuts. Alternatively, gỏi cuốn can be served with peanut sauce or other Vietnamese dipping sauces, such as nước chấm, a condiment based on fish sauce.[10]

In Vietnam and in various parts of Southeast Asia, Vietnamese can be seen hand-making banh trang (rice paper) and placing them on the rectangular bamboo trays around their houses. Gỏi cuốn can be made at home or found at Vietnamese restaurants. Traditionally, gỏi cuốn are eaten with a large group of people at a home setting.[11][12]

Regional[edit]

In southern Vietnam, these rolls are called Gỏi cuốn, meaning salad rolls, while in northern Vietnam, these rolls are called Nem cuốn, meaning nem rolls. In central Vietnam, it is simply called "rice paper" roll. In the West, these rolls are called by several different English names, including "salad roll," and "summer roll." Sometimes the word "Vietnamese" is added at the beginning of these words, for example, in Hong Kong they are called "Vietnamese roll," or "Vietnamese spring rolls" in Australia and the United States. Some Asian restaurants in the United States also refer to them as "crystal roll" "soft roll" or "salad roll".

Fresh rolls are easily distinguished from similar rolls by the fact that they are not fried and the ingredients used are different from (deep-fried) Vietnamese egg rolls. Fresh rolls have gradually become more popular in neighboring Cambodia, Thailand, and Laos as well as in Canada and the U.S. or wherever there are a significant concentrations of the Vietnamese diaspora. Its popularity is also partly due to several websites promoting Vietnamese food by tourists as well as Southeast Asian food experts and by word of mouth.

In Cambodia, Vietnamese gỏi cuốn are called nime chao, derived from the Vietnamese word nem. In Japan, they are called nama harumaki (生春巻き?, "raw spring rolls"), and are typically filled with shrimp.

Variants[edit]

The fillings can vary from the standard pork sausage slices (chả) and shrimp, fish, pan-fried seafood (such as squid), beef poached in a lemongrass broth, tofu (for vegetarians), grilled nem sausages, braised pork and egg are among some of the other popular spring roll variations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aruna Thaker, Arlene Barton Multicultural Handbook of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics 2012 Page 171 "gỏi cuốn"
  2. ^ Spring roll showdown in Little Saigon, Orange County Register (archived from the original on 2011-11-26).
  3. ^ 40 delicious Vietnamese dishes | CNN Travel
  4. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/video/health-15749655/let-s-dish-vietnamese-spring-rolls-31544961.html[dead link]
  5. ^ Brodard Chateau - Vietnamese Cuisine - Garden Grove
  6. ^ Vietnamese spring rolls at Saigon Bistro, 6244 N. California Ave. | abc7chicago.com
  7. ^ Andrea Nguyen, Leigh Beisch Into the Vietnamese Kitchen p32 Gỏi cuốn
  8. ^ Ann Le, Julie Fay Ashborn The Little Saigon Cookbook: Vietnamese Cuisine p56 Gỏi cuốn
  9. ^ CNN Go World's 50 most delicious foods 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-11
  10. ^ "Vietnamese Summer Roll Recipe". 
  11. ^ The Find: Dat Thanh in Westminster - Los Angeles Times
  12. ^ A Real Meal for Under $4? It's True - Los Angeles Times

External links[edit]