Hoisin sauce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hoisin sauce
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 海鲜
Traditional Chinese 海鮮
Literal meaning seafood sauce
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese tương đen
Literal meaning black sauce
A bottle of Hoisin sauce

Hoisin sauce (also Chinese barbecue sauce) is a thick, pungent sauce commonly used in Chinese cuisine as a glaze for meat, an addition to stir fries, or as dipping sauce. It is darkly colored in appearance and sweet and salty in taste. Although regional variants exist, hoisin sauce usually includes soy, red chiles, and garlic. Vinegar and sugar are also commonly added. The word hoisin is a Romanization of the Chinese word for seafood (海鮮, hoi seen) as pronounced in Cantonese or hǎixiān as pronounced in Mandarin.

Ingredients[edit]

Peking-style hoisin sauce ingredients include starches such as sweet potato, wheat or rice, and water, sugar, soybeans, sesame seeds, white distilled vinegar, salt, garlic, red chili peppers, and sometimes preservatives or coloring agents. Traditionally, hoisin sauce is made using toasted mashed soy beans. Despite the literal meaning, hoisin sauce does not contain seafood, nor is it typically used with it. Neither does it contain plums, even though it is frequently misidentified as plum sauce.

Regional[edit]

Chinese cuisine[edit]

A number of Chinese cuisine dishes such as spring rolls, mu shu pork, popiah, Peking duck and barbecued pork use the sauce. It is especially common in Cantonese cuisine flavoring.[1]

Vietnamese cuisine[edit]

In Vietnamese, hoisin sauce is called "tương đen". It is a popular condiment for phở, a Vietnamese noodle soup; the sauce can be directly added into a bowl of phở at the table, or can be used as a side dip for the meat of phở dishes. In phở, hoisin is typically accompanied by Sriracha sauce or "tương đỏ". The hoisin sauce is also used to make dipping sauce for Vietnamese spring rolls (American)/summer rolls (British) and other dishes similar to spring/summer rolls. In cooking, it can be used for glazing broiled chicken.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Xinhuanet.com. "Xinhuanet.com." 唐宮海鮮舫 . Retrieved on 2009-08-02.

External links[edit]