The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Talpa has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
The community was founded in the early 1880s. It developed as a Santa Fe Railroad switching point. The origin of the name Talpa is not known – some say it was named for the catalpa tree and others from a rock, possibly talpatate, a rock of superficial origin resembling caliche. The original town of Talpa was mapped out in the early part of 1900, consisting of 130 blocks, varying from eight, nine, ten, and twenty lots per block. Several additions were mapped out, including W.J. Sayre (1901), Laughlin (1900-1901), and Cusenbary (1909). Talpa incorporated during either the 1920s or 1930s. The town had a population of 254 in 1940 with sixteen businesses operating in the community. The number of residents steadily declined throughout the remainder of the twentieth century – from 234 in 1950 and 195 in 1960, to 122 in 1980. Talpa citizens voted to unincorporate in an election held on April 7, 1982. Four years later, on July 1, 1986, the Talpa Centennial Independent School District and Mozelle Independent School District merged to form the Panther Creek Consolidated Independent School District. By 1990, approximately 127 residents were living in Talpa. That figure remained unchanged in 2000.
Although it is unincorporated, Talpa has a post office with the zip code of 76882.
Public education in the community of Talpa is provided by the Panther Creek Consolidated Independent School District. The district has two campuses, Panther Creek Elementary School (grades PK-5) and Panther Creek High School  (grades 6-12).
- "Talpa, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- "Talpa, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- Climate Summary for Talpa, Texas
- "History of Talpa, Texas". The History of Coleman County and Its People. Vena Bob LeSueur Gates (1985). Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- "Consolidations, Annexations, and Name Changes for Texas Public Schools". Texas Education Agency. Retrieved 2009-09-05.[dead link]
- Zip Code Lookup
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Talpa, Texas
- Talpa, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online