Tanganyika

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For the British colony, see Tanganyika Territory. For the Lake, see Lake Tanganyika. For other uses, see Tanganyika (disambiguation).
Tanganyika
Commonwealth realm

1961–1962
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Mungu ibariki Afrika
Capital Dar es Salaam
Languages Swahili
English
Government Parliamentary democracy
under Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 -  1961–1962 Elizabeth II
Governor-General
 -  1961–1962 Richard Turnbull
Prime Minister
 -  1961–1962 Mwl. Julius K. Nyerere
 -  1962 Rashidi Mfaume Kawawa
Historical era Cold War
 -  Independence 9 December 1961
 -  Republic 9 December 1962
Currency East African shilling
Republic of Tanganyika

1962–1964
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Mungu ibariki Afrika
Capital Dar es Salaam
Languages Swahili
English
Government Presidential Republic
President
 -  1962–1964 Julius Nyerere
Historical era Cold War
 -  Republic 9 December 1962
 -  Union with Zanzibar 26 April 1964
Currency East African shilling

Tanganyika /ˌtæŋɡənˈjkə/, from 1962 to 1964 the Republic of Tanganyika, was a sovereign state in the former German East Africa. It was situated between the Indian Ocean and the African Great Lakes of Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa and Lake Tanganyika. It gained independence from the United Kingdom as a Commonwealth realm on 9 December 1961, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations exactly a year later, on 9 December 1962. On 26 April 1964, Tanganyika joined with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, a new state that changed its name to the United Republic of Tanzania within a year.

History[edit]

Tanganyika originally consisted of the Tanganyika Territory, the British share of the former German colony of German East Africa, which the British took under a League of Nations Mandate in 1922, and which was later transformed into a United Nations Trust Territory after World War II. The other parts of German East Africa were taken into Belgian trusteeship, eventually becoming present-day Rwanda and Burundi.

The Tanganyika Independence Act 1961 transformed the United Nations trust territory into the independent sovereign Commonwealth realm of Tanganyika. The British monarch Elizabeth II remained head of state and Tanganyika shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Tanganyika. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.

Tanganyika adopted a new constitution in 1962 which abolished the monarchy. Tanganyika became a republic within the Commonwealth.

See also[edit]