The ANZAC acronym

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For other uses, see ANZAC (disambiguation).

The ANZAC acronym came from the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, formed in Egypt prior to the Gallipoli Campaign during the First World War.[1] The corps was the higher formation for all Australian and New Zealand soldiers. It then gave its name to ANZAC Cove, on the Gallipoli peninsula, and at first was only used to identify the men who took part in the Gallipoli landings, although it later came to mean "any Australian or New Zealand soldier of the First World War."[1] Both the 'ANZAC' and the 'Anzac' versions of the acronym have been protected by the Commonwealth Government of Australia.[2]

The acronym was used during the war by the I ANZAC Corps and the II ANZAC Corps in Egypt and later on the Western Front. Then there was the 1st (ANZAC) Wireless Signal Squadron, which served in the Mesopotamia Campaign.[1] The Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division[3] formed in March 1916 also made use of the acronym. The division's name was abbreviated to the A. & N. Z. Mounted Division,[4] to the ANZAC Mounted Division,[5] and to the Anzac Mounted Division by the Australian official history,[6] and the New Zealand official history.[7]

Also serving alongside the ANZAC Mounted Division in the Egyptian Expeditionary Force was the ANZAC Provost Police Corps,[8] the 1st (ANZAC),[9] 3rd (ANZAC),[9] and 4th (ANZAC) Battalions, Imperial Camel Corps Brigade.[10][nb 1]

The acronym was not inclusive. One formation that had troops assigned from both Australia and New Zealand, during the war, and did not use it was the 5th Light Horse Brigade.[11]

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ The 1st and 3rd Battalions later became known as the 1st and 3rd (Australian) Battalion, Imperial Camel Corps.[9]
Citations
  1. ^ a b c "ANZAC Acronym". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Protection of Word 'Anzac' Regulations". Australian Government. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Falls 1930 Vol. 1 p. 156
  4. ^ Bou, p.150
  5. ^ "ANZAC Mounted Division". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918; Volume VII – The Australian Imperial Force in Sinai and Palestine, 1914–1918 (10th edition, 1941) Contents page". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "The New Zealanders in Sinai and Palestine". Victoria University of Wellington Library. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "ANZAC Mounted Division Administrative Staff, Headquarters November 1916". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "ANZAC Mounted Division Administrative Staff, Headquarters January 1917". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "Imperial Camel Corps Brigade". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Sinai and the Holy Land". Te Ara. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
Bibliography
  • Bou, Jean (2009). Light Horse: A History of Australia's Mounted Arm. Australian Army History. Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-19708-3.