The Extraordinary Life of The Last Emperor of China

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The Extraordinary Life of The Last Emperor of China
Author Jia Yinghua
Country China
Language Chinese
Genre Biography
Publisher People’s Literature Publishing House
Publication date
2012
Media type Print (Paperback)
Pages 449 pp
ISBN ISBN 9787020088607

The Extraordinary Life of The Last Emperor of China (Chinese: 末代皇帝的非常人生) Host: Pu Yi, the last emperor of China.

The abdicated emperor of the Qing Dynasty, Aisin-Gioro PuYi (1906-1967 A.D.), middle name: Haoran( Chinese: 浩然), English name: Henry, ethnicity: Manchu. He was the great grandson of Emperor Daoguang, the eldest son of Prince Chun Zai Feng( Chinese: 載灃), and the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty in the Chinese history. He ascended to the throne three times in his life, and went through the late Qing Dynasty, the Northern Warlords period, the Republic of China and the Sino-Japanese War, and was retained in the Soviet Union, transformed in the Fushun War Criminal Management House set by the People’s Republic of China and later was pardoned and became an expert in literature and history and a member of the People’s Political Consultative Conference. He died of kidney cancer in the Cultural Revolution period at the age of 62.[1]

Foreword[edit]

This is an extraordinary literature works about Pu Yi.
's The author of the book Jia Yinghua has had contact with Li Shuxian( Chinese: 李淑賢), the widow of Pu Yi for nearly 30 years, and was the first person to collect Pu Yi’s remains and diaries, the first note-taker and collector of Li Shuxian’s recall of Pu Yi’s latter half life. He even wrote the epigraph on the cremains casket of Pu Yi. What’s more, the content of the book comes from Jia’s interviews with more than 300 people who were associated with Pu Yi since the late Qing Dynasty and rare historic documents, making it authoritativeness in an irreplaceable way.

By displaying a great deal of unknown historic documents, this book narrates Pu Yi’s life from his entry into the Imperial Palace at the age of 3, to his death, and discloses many unsolved mysteries about this extraordinary man. His stories are told in layers continuously, like peeling a cocoon, taking out breath-taking plots one after another and making the whole book special and attractive.

In the book, the author tries to avoid repeating the same stories told in «From Emperor to Citizen »( Chinese: 我的前半生): The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi, but focuses on disclosing the legends of the host in the branch-diverting way, and the result is that previously unknown stories behind stories of Pu Yi are disclosed in the ever-changing trends of times.

Why was Pu Yi selected by Dowager Cixi as the heir to the throne? How did he be instated as Emperor Xuantong amid the secrets of the death of Emperor Guangxu and the death of Cixi so close to each other?

Soon afterwards, the influential eunuch Li Lianying( Chinese: 李蓮英) who had exited the Imperial Palace died mysteriously, beheaded. Why? Were all these events serial killings?

Do you know the pet name of Pu Yi almost nobody knew back then? How was he carried to the emperor’s throne in a large Kangxi painted fruit tray?

Was there a stand-in born at the same year, same month and same day as was Pu Yi reserved in Danei (the royal courtyard)?

What secrets were hiding between Empress Long Yu’s crying for three times and announcing the abdication of Emperor Xuantong and the claiming of throne by Yuan Shikai( Chinese: 袁世凱) later?

Who was the main conspirator plotting Zhang Xun’ Restoration? Did Japanese military offer aid and participated in this event?

What was the real reason for the suicide of Pu Yi’s biological mother? Did Pu Yi ever go outside the Imperial Palace to mourn her?

Stories behind the grand marriage of Xuantong—Yuan Shikai and Zhang Zuolin once hired matchmakers saying they want their daughters married to Pu Yi, and his brother almost married Zhang Xun’s daughter. Were all these true?

How did the empress become a concubine overnight? Why did Pu Yi choose the opera Farewell My Concubine in the wedding ceremony?

Did Pu Yi really see a pride of dogs biting a bull and chased it out of the palace? Was this an omen that one day he would also be expelled like that bull as foreseen by an old concubine?

Before Pu Yi sneaked out of Tianjian, he had three incidents and one was receiving two bombs coming from nowhere. Why in all these incidents was Qi Jizhong who made the reports? Was Pu Yi suspicious of him as an agent for the Japanese? Well, this question will be addressed in the original memory of Pu Yi cited in the book. On the eve of leaving for the Northeast, Pu Yi deliberately designed the “urine pot scheme”. Why was the emperor put into house arrest in Duicui Chamber in Tanggangzi for seven days? And who was the mastermind nominating and confirming that Pu Yi would be the president of the regime in Manchuria?

How was the Highly Classified Meeting Records of Pu Yi disclosed half a century later in Japan? The disclosure of this book reveals to public the confidential history of the puppet regime in Manchuria once covered in dust. Whether did Pu Yi sign any traitorous secret pact with the Japanese before he acted as the President? And what lies did he tell possibly in his book From Emperor to Citizen: The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi?

Why did Pu Yi pardon the adulterer of his “empress”? Was the infant born by Wan Rong thrown into a furnace alive? Which words were genuine?

“Guiren (royal concubine) Xiang" Tan Yuling( Chinese: 譚玉齡) died suddenly. What was the reason of her death?

After the regime in Manchuria collapsed, Pu Yi was captured by Soviet soldiers in Shengyang Airport. On his way of escort, he was almost killed by the Soviet soldiers.

Pu Yi wrote to Stalin three times pleading to be granted permanent residence in the Soviet Union during his 5-year stay in that country. At that time, the Chinese Nationalist Party asked Pu Yi be brought to justice, while he anxiously applied to join the Soviet Communist Party.

Kangde would never have the idea that the son of Zhang Jinghui, Premier of the puppet regime in Manchuria was an undercover of the Chinese Communist Party.

Pu Yi had no idea that his extradition back to China was decided by Chairman Mao. In fact, the original plan was that his brother Pu Jie( Chinese: 溥傑) would be released first, but the sequence was made wrong, and Pu Yi was among the list of the first group of prisoners pardoned. This time around, the decision-maker was Mao Zedong too!

According to the records of the interview with a policeman Chen Jingbo who lived just opposite to the home of Li Shuxian, the author revives the real love and marriage of Pu Yi and Li Shuxian.

According to a report made by the National People’s Political Consultative Conference, Liu Liansheng, former husband of Li Shuxian was identified as a counterrevolutionary and was cracked down in 1955. But recently a Mr. Ma living in Beijing told the author that Liu Liansheng was not shot but lived together with many educated youth in Beidahuang (the Great Northern Wilderness). How could the cracked down Liu become alive?

Did Li Shuxian live together with a Japanese military doctor who covered his real ID before she married Pu Yi? How was their life as a couple between Pu Yi and Li?

Who was the real author of the book From Emperor to Citizen: The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi? To answer this question, this book reveals the extraordinary life of Li Wenda, the mysterious person who actually took notes of the book.

Pu Yi died, scared to death by kidney cancer. In some books or movies, Pu Yi was criticized and tortured in the Cultural Revolution. This was not true.

Many people asked curiously: why it was the author Jia Yinghua who wrote the epigraph for the last emperor Pu Yi?

This book contains historic documents of more than 300,000 Chinese characters and discloses real facts and secrets of the extraordinary life of Pu Yi, the last emperor of China. In addition to the precious historic photographs, Jia Yinghua also publicizes many cultural relics about Pu Yi for the first time in his book, e.g. the abdication decree written in the Mongolian language and Chinese issued by the Colonial Affairs Department in the Xinhai Year, the preferential conditions for the Qing royal family, the Hongxian porcelain tray customized for Yuan Shikai’s claiming the emperor of China, letters written by Pu Yi to farmers and the envelopes, multiple drafts of From Emperor to Citizen: The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi not finalized, the original medical treatment records of Pu Yi, glasses and glasses boxes used by Pu Yi, mirrors used by him in the Cultural Revolution period, and a great deal of notes of interviews conducted by Jia Yinghua.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "末代皇族纪实发布会" (in Chinese). 人民网. Retrieved September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Books on last Chinese emperor's family published". China.org. Retrieved 2012-09-27.