The Pregnant Widow
|The Pregnant Widow|
|Pages||480 pp (hardback first edition)|
The Pregnant Widow is a novel by the English writer Martin Amis, published by Jonathan Cape on 4 February 2010. Its theme is the feminist revolution, which Amis sees as incomplete and bewildering for women, echoing the view of the 19th-century Russian writer, Alexander Herzen, that revolution is "a long night of chaos and desolation". The "pregnant widow", a phrase taken from Herzen's From the other shore (1848–1850), is the point at which the old order has given way, the new one not yet born. Amis said in 2007 that "consciousness is not revolutionised by the snap of a finger. And feminism, I reckon, is about halfway through its second trimester."
The story is set in a castle owned by a cheese tycoon in Campania, Italy, where Keith Nearing, a 20-year-old English literature student; his girlfriend, Lily; and her friend, Scheherazade, are on holiday during the hot summer of 1970, the year that Amis says "something was changing in the world of men and women". The narrator is Keith's superego, or conscience, in 2009.
The novel was a work-in-progress for the best part of seven years, his first since House of Meetings (2006). Originally set for release in late 2007, its publication was delayed to 2008, when he made what he describes as a "terrible decision" to abandon what he had written to that point, and begin again, building the story up from one section he retained, the part about Italy. The long gestation period resulted in its expansion to some 480 pages, making it his longest novel since The Information in 1995.
Amis started writing the novel after the publication in 2003 of Yellow Dog to a hostile critical reception and muted commercial success. In a 2006 interview with The Independent, he revealed that he had abandoned a novella, The Unknown Known, and instead continued to work on a follow-up full novel that he had started in 2003. He said the new novel was "blindingly autobiographical, but with an Islamic theme". In an interview with Mark Lawson in 2006, Amis said there was some distance from the fictionalised versions of himself, his father, Kingsley Amis and his novelist mentor, Saul Bellow, in The Pregnant Widow, at this point untitled. He said he was "trying to keep up a little bit of indirection" with the autobiographical aspects, saying that his character in the novel was named "Louis" (Amis' middle name), that Kingsley Amis was "The King" and that Saul Bellow was "Chick" (which itself was a reference to the Saul Bellow proxy character in Bellow's final novel Ravelstein).
Further details concerning the struggle to get the novel written emerged in an 1 August 2009 during an interview Amis gave the National Post: "I started a novel [but] then I’m going to write a novella before I get on to it. But I was in big trouble a few years ago, with a huge, dead novel. And it took me a long time, and a lot of grief, to realize—I thought I was clutching at straws—it turned out it was actually two novels, and they couldn't go together. So I wrote The Pregnant Widow, [that’s] one half of it, and the other half I started, and it will be very autobiographical, the next one."
The character of Violet Nearing, the protagonist's younger sister, is based on Sally Amis (17 January 1954 – 8 November 2000), Martin's younger sister by five years. She had problems all her life with alcoholism and promiscuity, and was described by Amis as one of the revolution's most spectacular victims. She gave birth to a daughter, Catherine, when she was 24, who was given up for adoption at three months. Sally suffered a stroke at the age of 40, and died of an infection aged 46, after spending five days in intensive care. "I think what she was doing was seeking protection from men", Amis said, "but it went the other way, she was often beaten up, abused and she simply used herself up." He said it was a miracle she had made it to 46.
The novel was published to mixed reviews, Eileen Battersby in The Irish Times calling it a "thumping disappointment", while Richard Bradford in The Spectator described it as a "unique, sometimes exquisite experience".
After a considerable amount of speculation and high expectation, the novel was not included on the longlist for the 2010 Man Booker Prize.
- Martin Amis Launch Event 'The Pregnant Widow', booktrade.info, accessed 2 February 2010.
- Herzen, Alexander. From the other shore: and The Russian people and socialism, an open letter to Jules Michelet. G. Braziller, 1956.
- Bilmes, Alex. Martin Amis: 'Women have got too much power for their own good' , The Daily Telegraph, 2 February 2010.
- Martin Amis. You ask the questions, The Independent, 15 January 2007.
- Long, Camilla. Martin Amis and the sex war, The Times, 24 January 2010.
- Kemp, Peter. The Pregnant Widow by Martin Amis, The Sunday Times, 31 January 2010.
- The Pregnant Widow, Amazon, accessed 21 November 2009.
- Bilmes, Alex. Martin Amis: 30 things I've learned about terror, The Independent, 8 October 2006.
- Lawson, Mark. Interview with Martin Amis, Front Row, BBC Radio 4, 26 September 2006.
- Medley, Mark. Q&A with Martin Amis: "There's only one way of judging quality and that's time", The National Post, 1 August 2009.
- Flood, Alison. Martin Amis says new novel will get him 'in trouble with the feminists', The Guardian, 20 November 2009.
- Adams, Stephen. Martin Amis: the sexual revolution killed my sister Sally, The Daily Telegraph, 21 November 2009.
- Battersby, Eileen. Amis aims high . . . and misses, The Irish Times, 6 February 2010; Bradford, Richard. It happened one summer, The Spectator, 3 February 2010.
- Andrew, Anthony. Martin Amis: The wunderkind comes of age, The Observer, 10 January 2010.
- Lawson, Mark. Interview with Martin Amis, Front Row, BBC Radio 4, 2 February 2010.