The Road Back (film)
|The Road Back|
|Directed by||James Whale|
|Produced by||Edmund Grainger|
|Written by||Charles Kenyon (screenplay)
R. C. Sherriff (screenplay)
Erich Maria Remarque (novel)
|Music by||Dimitri Tiomkin|
|Cinematography||John J. Mescall
|Edited by||Ted J. Kent
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|1 June 1937|
The Road Back is a 1937 drama film made by Universal Pictures, directed by James Whale. The screenplay is by Charles Kenyon and R. C. Sherriff from the eponymous novel by Erich Maria Remarque. Combining a strong anti-war message with prescient warnings about the dangers of the rising Nazi regime, it was intended to be a powerful and controversial picture, and Universal entrusted it to their finest director, James Whale.
The novel on which the film is based was banned during Nazi rule. When the film was made, Universal Pictures was threatened with a boycott of all their films by the German government unless the anti-Nazi sentiments in the script were watered down. Carl Laemmle and his son, Carl Laemmle, Jr., the former heads of Universal, had recently been ousted by a corporate takeover. The new studio heads, fearing financial loss, caved in to German pressure and the film was partially reshot with another director, and the remainder extensively re-edited, leaving it a pale shadow of Whale's original intentions. To the director's further displeasure, writer Charles Kenyon was ordered to interject the script with comedy scenes between Andy Devine and Slim Summerville, which Whale found unsuitable. Disgusted with the studio's cowardice under its new management, Whale left Universal after completing Wives Under Suspicion, an unsuccessful remake of his own The Kiss Before the Mirror. He returned two years later to direct Green Hell, but never made another film for Universal after that.
The despair and disillusionment of four men who return to civilian life in Germany after the First World War.
- Ernst - John King
- Ludwig - Richard Cromwell
- Tjaden - Slim Summerville
- Albert Von Hagen - Maurice Murphy
- Willy - Andy Devine
- Weil - Larry Blake
- Von Hagen - John Emery
- Bethke - Henry Hunter
- Wessling - Noah Beery Jr
- Geisicke - Gene Garrick
- Lucie - Barbara Read
- Ernst's Mother - Spring Byington
- Ernst's Father - Frank Reicher
- Ernst's Sister - Marilyn Harris
- Elsa - Jean Rouverol
- Mayor - Etienne Girardot
- Uncle Rudolph - Charles Halton
- Ernst's Aunt - Laura Hope Crews
- Angelina - Louise Fazenda
- Judge - Robert Warwick
- Defense Attorney - Samuel S. Hinds
- Heinrich - Arthur Hohl
- Bartscher - William B. Davidson
- Prosecutor - Lionel Atwill
- Mr Markheim - Al Shean
- Willy's Mother - Clara Blandick
- Manager - Reginald Barlow
- Principal - Edwin Maxwell
- General - E.E. Clive
- President - Edward Van Sloan
- Street Cleaner - Francis Ford
- Mother - Margaret Seddon
- Storekeeper - Greta Meyer
- Small Man - Dwight Frye
Sky Movies wrote, "a somewhat belated sequel to All Quiet on the Western Front, Universal's critically and commercially acclaimed anti-war drama, The Road Back didn't enjoy the same success...The strong statement Whale wanted to make was seen by some reviewers, but this original cut was withdrawn. It's a shame the film hasn't been restored to its former glory as it would be as much a classic as its illustrious predecessor."  Leonard Maltin wrote, "heavy-handed sequel...interesting to watch but unsatisfying."  However, TV Guide noted, "some of Whale's film does show through...The battle scenes are still powerful, and a special traveling crane was developed to shoot them, a gadget the director was so enamored of that he used it throughout the film." 
Despite its production problems, the film was one of the top-grossing films of 1936-37.
- The Road Back at the Internet Movie Database
- The Hollywood Reporter - The Chilling History of How Hollywood Helped Hitler
- "The Road Back". BFI.
- "The Road Back (1937) - Trailers, Reviews, Synopsis, Showtimes and Cast - AllMovie". AllMovie.
- "The Road Back (1937) - Notes - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies.
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- "The Road Back". Find and Watch.
- "The Road Back (1937) - Overview - TCM.com". Turner Classic Movies.
- "The Road Back". TV Guide.