|Origin||Portland, Oregon, U.S.|
|Genres||Punk rock, post-punk, post-hardcore, art punk, noise rock, garage rock, alternative rock|
|Years active||1977–1988, 1993-1999|
|Labels||Zeno Records, Trap Records, Restless, Tim/Kerr, Jackpot Records|
|Past members||Greg Sage
The Wipers were a punk rock group formed in Portland, Oregon in 1977 by guitarist Greg Sage, drummer Sam Henry and bassist Dave Koupal. The group's tight song structure and use of heavy distortion has been hailed as extremely influential by numerous critics and musicians, including Melvins, Dinosaur Jr., Mono Men, Stephen Malkmus, Hole, Poison Idea, My Vitriol, Nation of Ulysses, and Nirvana.
The band originated as the brainchild of Greg Sage.
"I think I got that concept early on as a kid. I was very lucky to have my own professional record cutting lathe when I was in 7th grade due to my father being involved in the broadcast industry. I would cut records for friends at school of songs off the radio and learned the art of record making long before learning to play music. I would spend countless hours studying the grooves I would cut under the microscope that was attached to the lathe and loved the way music looked, moved and modulated within the thin walls. I might have spent too much time studying music through a microscope because it gave me a completely different outlook on what music is and a totally opposite understanding of it as well. There was something very magical and private when I zoomed into the magnified and secret world of sound in motion. I got to the point that I needed to create and paint my own sounds and colors into the walls of these grooves."[self-published source]
Sage's first instrument was bass guitar, because of the low tones that made larger grooves in the vinyl records due to slower modulations. Basses were harder to find and much more expensive when Sage was in grade school, so he used guitar instead.
His idea behind the Wipers started as only a recording project. The plan was to record 15 LPs in 10 years without touring or promotion. Sage thought that the mystique built from the lack of playing traditional rock 'n' roll would make people listen to their recordings much deeper with only their imagination to go by. He thought it would be easy to avoid press, shows, pictures and interviews. He looked at music as art rather than entertainment; he thought music was personal to the listener rather than a commodity.
Foundation, early years
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2014)|
Sage founded the punk rock band the Wipers in Portland, Oregon in 1977 along with drummer Sam Henry and bassist Dave Koupal. Wipers' first single, "Better Off Dead", was released in 1978 on Sage's own Trap Records.
After several years of playing and recording guitar, Sage wanted to make his own recordings and manufacture and run his own label himself without anyone else's financing. In 1979, Sage approached several Portland punk bands and asked them to record singles for his new Trap label. Some of those early bands were The Stiphnoyds, The Neo Boys and Sado Nation.
The Wipers first album, Is This Real?, was issued in 1980 on Park Avenue Records, a label that the band hoped would gain them wider distribution. It was originally recorded on a 4-track in the band's rehearsal studio, but the label insisted that the band use a professional studio. Once released, the LP gained a cult following, although the band was best known for their live shows around the Portland area.
Between the release of their first two LPs, Park Avenue released 1980's Alien Boy EP, consisting of the title track and three demo outtakes. Released without the band's permission, the EP was the first of many unauthorized or bootleg Wipers records for which the band received no royalties, until these early releases saw reissue on Sage's own label Zeno Records in 2001.
Sample of "Youth of America", from the 1981 album Youth of America by the Wipers. The full song is over 10 minutes long.
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Sage became known for his do-it-yourself ethic and guitar solos and his domineering approach to the band’s creative process. With the new rhythm section of bassist Brad Davidson and drummer Brad Naish (ex-Styphnoids), Wipers recorded a second LP for Park Avenue. Youth of America, released in 1981, contrasted with the short/fast punk songs of the time. According to Sage, this change of pace was a reaction against the trend of releasing short songs, which many punk bands did at the time. The album was, according to Sage, not well received in the United States at the time of its release, though it did fare better in Europe. Along with other records by the Wipers, Youth of America has since come to be acknowledged as an important album in the development of American underground and independent rock movements of the early 80s.
Following a dispute over the album's cover art, Wipers parted ways with Park Avenue for good.
The next LP, the militant, distortion-drenched Over the Edge, was the first Wipers record to meet with immediate acceptance. The song "Romeo", which had already been released on 7" by Trap, received some airplay. The band then embarked on their first extensive tour, documented on their 1984 live LP. In spite of the original idea to not focus on live music, Wipers did play live, eventually releasing a 1985 live album, called simply Wipers.
Many of the Wipers' recording techniques and musical equipment were designed by the band. The band relied on word-of-mouth advertising for their albums, often rejecting interviews, and played far fewer live shows than many of their punk contemporaries. Despite this, Wipers made the jump to Restless Records, one of the biggest independent labels of the time signing punk-related bands. First to be released was Sage's solo album Straight Ahead. Sage played all acoustic, electric, and bass guitar parts, and on many songs was backed by a drummer. The next few years saw three more LPs released on Restless. 1986's Land of the Lost featured the song "Let Me Know", used in the film, River's Edge. In 1988, then-18-year-old drummer Travis McNabb joined the band for the tour for their sixth studio album The Circle, after which the band took an extended hiatus.
Sage restarted the Wipers in 1993, releasing three additional albums, Silver Sail (1993), The Herd (1996) and Power in One (1999).
In 2001, Greg Sage’s Zeno Records released Wipers Box Set, which included the first three Wipers albums, which by that time had been long out-of-print, along with additional previously-unreleased material. Jackpot Records and Sage later reissued Is This Real?, Youth of America, and Over the Edge on vinyl, utilizing the original master recordings.
Sam Henry is still an active musician in Portland, Oregon, and continues to play with popular Northwest songwriters like Pete Krebs, Morgan Grace and Jimmy Boyer. Henry also continues to perform with Napalm Beach, the band he formed with Chris Newman in the early 1980s. McNabb went on to join Better Than Ezra and work with Shawn Mullins, Howie Day and Beggars, then toured for bluegrass/country music act Sugarland. He was replaced in Wipers by Steve Plouf, who continues to work with Greg Sage and on other music projects. Plouf operates a vintage goods/Zeno Records store in Portland, appropriately named Zeno Oddities.
Influence and legacy
Sage later remarked on their initial reception: "We weren’t even really a punk band. See, we were even farther out in left field than the punk movement because we didn’t even wish to be classified, and that was kind of a new territory. ... When we put out Is This Real? … it definitely did not fit in; none of our records did. Then nine, ten years later people are saying: 'Yeah, it’s the punk classic of the ’80s.'"
Wipers became better known after the wildly popular grunge band Nirvana covered two songs from Is This Real?, "D-7" and "Return of the Rat". Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain spoke of being heavily influenced by the band. The Wipers were a major influence on the grunge music scene in general, with bands such as The Melvins, Mudhoney, and Dinosaur Jr. citing them. Wipers albums like Is This Real? and Over the Edge are now widely considered to be among the greatest and most influential punk albums of all time.
In 1992, a tribute album Eight Songs for Greg Sage and the Wipers was released by the Tim/Kerr label on four colored 7-inch records, featuring Wipers songs performed by Nirvana, Hole, Napalm Beach, M99, The Dharma Bums, Crackerbash, Poison Idea, and The Whirlees. The CD release of the tribute album was called Fourteen Songs for Greg Sage and the Wipers, and expanded to include covers by Hazel, Calamity Jane, Saliva Tree, Honey, Nation of Ulysses, and Thurston Moore-Keith Nealy.
- Is This Real? (1980)
- Youth of America (1981)
- Over the Edge (1983)
- Land of the Lost (1986)
- Follow Blind (1987)
- The Circle (1988)
- Silver Sail (1993)
- The Herd (1996)
- Power in One (1999)
- Wipers (1985)
- Alien Boy (1980)
- Sub Pop 100 (1986)
- The Best of Wipers and Greg Sage (1990)
- "Complete Rarities '78–'90" (1993) (compilation of the first Wipers 7", the "Romeo" 7" B-Side, contributions to samplers, and live material from 1986 and 1989)
- Wipers Box Set (2001)
- Outtakes LP (2010)
- Greg Sage. "The Wipers' history". Zenorecords.com. Retrieved 2008-06-11.[self-published source]
- "Youth of America". ZenoRecords.com. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28.
... at the time of this recording, it was the trend that most songs by bands were very fast and short, to the point that some were doing songs as short as 13 seconds or so. I did just the opposite to make some songs reach 10 minutes long. This did not make us popular in the USA, but overseas was a different story.[self-published source]
- Kellman, Andy. Wipers Biography at AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-09-06.
- Zeno Records Wipers Interview http://www.zenorecords.com/wipers/interview/page3.htm[self-published source][dead link]
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (September 2014)|
- Official website of Greg Sage
- Official website of Sam Henry
- Biography and Info about The Wipers at Trouser Press
- Interview with Greg Sage at UK-based Ptolemaic Terrascope
- Interview about recording at Tape Op
- Another Interview with Greg Sage at inmusicwetrust.com