Theatre Square

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For the square in Warsaw, Poland, see Theatre Square (Warsaw).
Sverdlov Square (Theatre Square) in 1932.

Theatre Square or Teatralnaya Square (Russian: Театральная площадь, Teatralnaya ploshchad), and known as Sverdlov Square between 1919 and 1991, is a city square in the Tverskoy District of central Moscow, Russia. It's located at the junction of Kuznetsky Bridge Street, Petrovka Street, and Theatre Drive (north-west of the latter; the square to south-east of Theatre Drive is the separate Revolution Square).

The square is named after the three theatres located on it — the Bolshoi Theatre, Maly Theatre, and Russian Youth Theatre.

The square is served by the Moscow metro at: the Teatralnaya station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line; Okhotniy Ryad station on the Sokolnicheskaya Line; and Ploshchad Revolyutsii station on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line.

History[edit]

Site of the future square in the 1760s, showing the Neglinnaya River and the bastions of the Kitai-gorod.

The square emerged after the 1812 Fire of Moscow and conversion of the Neglinnaya River into an underground channel. The river still flows diagonally under the square's park. It was designed in a symmetrical Neoclassical style by Joseph Bove in the 1820s, with Neoclassical Style buildings framing it. However, in the second half of the 19th century the Neoclassical ensemble was destroyed by new buildings in eclectic styles, that were considerably taller than the original ones fronting the square. The square also has the Gothic Revival style TsUM (ЦУМ) luxury department store building.

It was during a meeting in then Sverdlov Square on 5 May 1920,[1] that an iconic picture of Lenin was taken.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lenin Speech To Men Of The Red Army, Leaving For The Polish Front, 5 May 1920
  2. ^ a review of Trotsky, a pictorial biography by David King. See footnote 54 "This photo was often published in the Soviet Union, but with Trotsky and Kamenev painted out of the picture." Retrieved 2008-11-14

References[edit]

  • Moscow Encyclopaedia. Bolshaya Rossiiskaya Entsikolpediya, 1997. Article "Teatralnaya ploshchad".

Coordinates: 55°45′33″N 37°37′8″E / 55.75917°N 37.61889°E / 55.75917; 37.61889