Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Dutch Wikipedia. (March 2010)|
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (pronounced [tʰɛˈaːtrʊm ˈɔrbɪs tɛˈrːaːrʊm], "Theatre of the World") is considered to be the first true modern atlas. Written by Abraham Ortelius and originally printed on May 20, 1570, in Antwerp, it consisted of a collection of uniform map sheets and sustaining text bound to form a book for which copper printing plates were specifically engraved. The Ortelius atlas is sometimes referred to as the summary of sixteenth-century cartography.
Many of the maps in this atlas maps were based upon sources that no longer exist or are extremely rare. Ortelius append a unique source list (the "Catalogus Auctorum") identifying the names of contemporary cartographers, some of whom would otherwise have remained obscure.
After the initial publication of Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, Ortelius regularly revised and expanded the atlas, reissuing it in various formats until his death in 1598. From its original seventy maps and eighty-seven bibliographic references in the first edition (1570), the atlas grew through its thirty-one editions to encompass 183 references and 167 maps in 1612.
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- "Map of the Gold-Producing Region of Peru. Florida. The Guastecan Region.". World Digital Library. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "Map of Wales, 'Cambriae Typus' by Humphrey Lhuyd, 1573". Gathering the Jewels. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- Library of Congress, Historical Collections for the National Digital Library, Ortelius Atlas
- High resolution zoomable images from the 1574 edition - Collection item from the State Library of Victoria
- High-resolution scan of French edition (1587) of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum from the World Digital Library